- Title Pages
- Introduction to the Book
- 1 Speaking and Writing as They are Used
- 2 What’s Good about Writing
- 3 Speaking as a Process
- 4 Speech as a Product
- 5 Intonation
- 6 Can We Really Have the Best of Both Worlds?
- 7 What Is Speaking onto the Page and How Does Freewriting Teach It?
- 8 Where Else Do We See Unplanned Speaking onto the Page?
- 9 Considering Objections to Speaking onto the Page
- 10 The Need for Care
- 11 Revising by Reading Aloud
- 12 How Does Revising by Reading Aloud Actually Work?
- 13 Punctuation
- 14 Good Enough Punctuation by Careful Reading Aloud and Listening
- 15 How Speech Can Improve the Organization of Writing
- 16 Summary Chapter
- 17 How Our Culture of Proper Literacy Tries to Exclude Speech
- 18 A New Culture of Vernacular Literacy on the Horizon
- Appendix I How Freewriting Went from Dangerous to No Big Deal in the Composition and Rhetoric Community
- Appendix II A Sampling of Published Writing in Non-Mainstream Varieties of English
- Also by Peter Elbow
- Works Cited
Living with Two Traditions
- (p.259) 13 Punctuation
- Vernacular Eloquence
- Oxford University Press
This chapter describes a fairly simple and orderly technique for punctuating by reading aloud and listening carefully. It first discusses two conflicting traditions about grammar, an older word-ending tradition and a newer word-order tradition, and two traditions of punctuation: the older rhetorical or elocutionary tradition and the newer grammatical or syntactic tradition. It then considers the harmony between the two traditions and the difficulties associated with punctuation before explaining why it makes sense to use reading aloud for punctuation. The chapter concludes with an account about the origin of the rule about the proper usage of the determiners that and which.
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