- Title Pages
- Introduction to the Book
- 1 Speaking and Writing as They are Used
- 2 What’s Good about Writing
- 3 Speaking as a Process
- 4 Speech as a Product
- 5 Intonation
- 6 Can We Really Have the Best of Both Worlds?
- 7 What Is Speaking onto the Page and How Does Freewriting Teach It?
- 8 Where Else Do We See Unplanned Speaking onto the Page?
- 9 Considering Objections to Speaking onto the Page
- 10 The Need for Care
- 11 Revising by Reading Aloud
- 12 How Does Revising by Reading Aloud Actually Work?
- 13 Punctuation
- 14 Good Enough Punctuation by Careful Reading Aloud and Listening
- 15 How Speech Can Improve the Organization of Writing
- 16 Summary Chapter
- 17 How Our Culture of Proper Literacy Tries to Exclude Speech
- 18 A New Culture of Vernacular Literacy on the Horizon
- Appendix I How Freewriting Went from Dangerous to No Big Deal in the Composition and Rhetoric Community
- Appendix II A Sampling of Published Writing in Non-Mainstream Varieties of English
- Also by Peter Elbow
- Works Cited
The Need for Care
The Need for Care
Easy Speaking onto the Page Is Never Enough
- (p.198) 10 The Need for Care
- Vernacular Eloquence
- Oxford University Press
This chapter emphasizes the need for care in speaking onto the page. It begins with an overview of the tradition of care and the doctrine of eternal vigilance before turning to a discussion of why care is essential to speaking onto the page. It then considers two ways to harness care for creating coherence: the use of collage form and the skeleton process. In particular, it explains how the skeleton process can be used to build a coherent, well-organized essay from disorganized exploratory writing. The chapter also shows how to apply care and planning to the process of writing and concludes with an example of a collage from the July 5, 1982 issue of The New Yorker.
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