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Are Muslims Distinctive?A Look at the Evidence$

M. Steven Fish

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769209

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769209.001.0001

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(p.331) Appendix 6 Model Equations and Summary Statistics for Chapter 6

(p.331) Appendix 6 Model Equations and Summary Statistics for Chapter 6

Source:
Are Muslims Distinctive?
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Hierarchical Generalized Linear Models for Tables 6.7–6.11

Below are the equations for the hierarchical generalized linear models presented throughout the chapter. In the interest of space we are only providing the equation for the most saturated models from each table. Simpler models follow the same structure, only with fewer variables.

Table 6.7. Dependent Variable: Responses to Statement, “A university education is more important for a boy than a girl”

Model 5:

η m i j = β 0 j + q = 1 Q β q j X q j + m = 2 M 1 D m i j δ m η m i j = β 0 j + β 1 j ( female ) i j + β 2 j ( age ) i j + β 3 j ( education level ) i j + β 4 j ( Muslim ) i j + β 5 j ( Christian ) i j + β 6 j ( importance of God ) i j + D m i j δ m β 0 j = γ 0 0 + γ 0 1 ( GDP per capita ) i j + γ 0 2 ( average age ) i j + γ 0 3 ( average importance of God ) i j + γ 0 4 ( proportion Muslim ) i j + γ 0 5 ( proportion Christian ) i j β 1 j = γ 1 0 + u 1 j β 2 j = γ 2 0 + u 2 j β 3 j = γ 3 0 + u 3 j β 4 j = γ 4 0 + u 4 j β 5 j = γ 5 0 + u 5 j β 6 j = γ 6 0 + u 6 j

(p.332) Table 6.9. Dependent Variable: “When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women” (1 = agree, 0 = neither agree or disagree/disagree)

Model 5:

φ i j = 1 1 + exp { η i j } η i j = β 0 j + β 1 j ( female ) i j + β 2 j ( age ) i j + β 3 j ( education level ) i j + β 4 j ( Muslim ) i j + β 5 j ( Christian ) i j + β 6 j ( importance of God ) i j β 0 j = γ 0 0 + γ 0 1 ( GDP per capita ) i j + γ 0 2 ( average age ) i j + γ 0 3 ( average importance of God ) i j + γ 0 4 ( proportion Muslim ) i j + γ 0 5 ( proportion Christian ) i j + u 0 j β 1 j = γ 1 0 + u 1 j β 2 j = γ 2 0 + u 2 j β 3 j = γ 3 0 + u 3 j β 4 j = γ 4 0 + u 4 j β 5 j = γ 5 0 + u 5 j β 6 j = γ 6 0 + u 6 j

Table 6.11. Dependent Variable: Responses to Statement, “On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do”

Model 5:

η m i j = β 0 j + q = 1 Q β q j X q j + m = 2 M 1 D m i j δ m η m i j = β 0 j + β 1 j ( female ) i j + β 2 j ( age ) i j + β 3 j ( education level ) i j + β 4 j ( Muslim ) i j + β 5 j ( Christian ) i j + β 6 j ( importance of God ) i j + D m i j δ m β 0 j = γ 0 0 + γ 0 1 ( GDP per capita ) i j + γ 0 2 ( average age ) i j + γ 0 3 ( average importance of God ) i j + γ 0 4 ( proportion Muslim ) i j + γ 0 5 ( proportion Christian ) i j β 1 j = γ 1 0 + u 1 j β 2 j = γ 2 0 + u 2 j β 3 j = γ 3 0 + u 3 j β 4 j = γ 4 0 + u 4 j β 5 j = γ 5 0 + u 5 j β 6 j = γ 6 0 + u 6 j

(p.333) Summary Statistics

(p.334)

Individual-level variables

Mean (min, max)

Age

40.92 (15, 101)

Education

0.49 (0, 1)

Average importance of God level

7.76 (1,10)

Average importance of God level for pooled Muslim and Christian sample

8.56 (1,10)

Country-level variables

GDP per capita (logged)

3.81 (2.68, 4.53)

Average age

41.43 (29.79, 52.45)

Average importance of God level

7.54 (3.58, 10)

Proportion Muslim

0.20 (0, 0.99)

Proportion Christian

0.54 (0, 0.99)