This chapter discusses the ways in which musicians practice and improve their musicianship. It asks what defines effective practice. Other questions it addresses include: How clear are the goals of practice? How is it possible to make the most out of its every minute? The development of expertise in music entails approximately ten thousand hours of systematic and goal-directed practice. Practicing requires performers to observe, make necessary adjustments, and observe again. The chapter explains the concept of warming up, sensory awareness, cognitive awareness and distractions during the process of practicing, and enumerates its basic steps.
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