This chapter addresses how musicians can establish their personal techniques to improve their musicality. All musicians agree that music techniques need to be stable, reliable, accurate, flexible, and immediate even though they vary depending on performers' style. There are two principles considered in discussing musical techniques: first, all techniques exists to serve the music, and second, all musicians must listen. The chapter discusses the factors that affect the physical skills necessary for performances of musicians. It groups them into five-physical components of technical stability, instrumental acoustics and the mechanics of sound production, movement and accuracy, the cognitive processes, and musicians' health and injury prevention.
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