This chapter describes the condition of Robert Schumann during the treatment of his mental illness in Endenich. He was burdened by guilt and believed that he would “burn in hell” for his “evil” conduct. At the core of his mental breakdown was his profound sense of guilt coupled with despair over his failure in Düsseldorf. Direct communication with him was not permitted because his physicians believed he would recover faster if reminders of his illness were kept away from him. As time passed, Schumann's condition improved. During these last years of his life, his reputation as a composer deteriorated.
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