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In Thrall to Political ChangePolice and Gendarmerie in France$
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Malcolm Anderson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693641

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693641.001.0001

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The Recent Period

(p.332) 14 Modernization
In Thrall to Political Change

Malcolm Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the modernisation of the police and gendarmerie in France during the more recent period, with emphasis on reforms aimed at enhancing the effectiveness of the policing system in dealing with crime. It begins with an overview of the first modernisation initiatives introduced by Gaston Defferre (Minister of the Interior 1981–1984) and former Prefect of Police, Maurice Grimaud, including raising educational levels and improving training. It then examines the modernisation of the police during the time of Pierre Joxe, the Socialist Minister of the Interior (1984–1986, 1988–1991), particularly the change in the intellectual climate concerning policing. The chapter also discusses the modernisation of the corps of commissaires; the controversy surrounding the new management methods that were introduced for the police; the use of performance indicators for the police; and the change in the gendarmerie following two controversial episodes in 1989 and 2001.

Keywords:   modernisation, police, gendarmerie, France, reforms, Pierre Joxe, policing, corps of commissaires, management methods, performance indicators

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