The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography has articles on many of the people mentioned in the text and in Appendix 1. Several figures connected with the translation (John Aglionby, Robert Barker, John Bill, William Branthwaite, Richard Brett, John Richardson) are described in a thematic ODNB article called ‘Translators of the Authorized Version of the Bible.’ The following are the subject of individual entries:
William Lindsay Alexander
Robert Lubbock Bensly
Edward Henry Bickersteth
Joseph Williams Blakesley
Charles James Blomfield
Edward Harold Browne
John William Burgon
Thomas James Cobden- Sanderson
John Nelson Darby
Andrew Bruce Davidson
John Nelson Darby
Samuel Rolles Driver
Charles John Ellicott
Frederick William Faber
John Dury Geden
Christian David Ginsburg
Thomas Rice Henn
King Henry VIII
Lord Arthur Charles Hervey
Hans Holbein the younger
Fenton John Anthony Hort
William Gilson Humphry
John Jebb Edward Johnston
Benjamin Hall Kennedy
Sir Thomas Lake
Clive Staples Lewis
Joseph Barber Lightfoot
Joseph Rawson Lumby
Thomas Babington Macaulay
Sir John Baptiste de Medina
William Fiddian Moulton
John Henry Newman
Edward Hayes Plumptre
Thomas Penson De Quincey
Henry John Rose
Henry St John, Viscount Bolingbroke
Sir Henry Savile
Archibald Henry Sayce
Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener
George Vance Smith
Robert Payne Smith
William Robertson Smith
Arthur Penrhyn Stanley
Samuel Prideaux Tregelles
Richard Chenevix Trench
Charles John Vaughan
George Villiers, duke of Buckingham
Sir Emery Walker
Brooke Foss Westcott
William Aldis Wright
The American National Biography has entries on the following:
John James Audubon
John Gadsby Chapman
Dwight David Eisenhower
John Watson Foster
Theodorus Jacobus Freylinghuysen
Warren Gamaliel Harding
George Emlen Hare
Henry Edwards Huntington
Charles Portfield Krauth
Martin Luther King
John Livingston Lowes
John Pierpont Morgan
Matthew Brown Riddle
Cyrus Ingerson Scofield
Henry Boynton Smith
Julia Evelina Smith
Calvin E. Stowe
William Howard Taft
Cornelius Van Alen Van Dyck
William Fairfield Warren
Theodore Dwight Woolsey
[The title of the KJV remains constant, and so is not repeated in full in the list of later editions.]
The Holy Bible: Containing the Old Testament and the New. Authorised and Appointed to be Read in Churches (London, 1602) [The Bishops’ Bible; a copy in the Bodleian Library in Oxford has annotations by the KJV translators].
(p.319) The Holy Bible, Containing the Old Testament, and the New. Newly Translated out of the Original Tongues, and with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised by His Majesty’s Special Commandment. Appointed to be read in churches. Imprinted at London by Robert Barker, Printer to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty. Anno Dom. 1611 [the 1st edn; ‘He’ Bible].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (London, 1611) [the 2nd edn; ‘She’ Bible].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Cambridge, 1629) [the first Cambridge folio].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (London, 1631) [the Wicked Bible].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Cambridge, 1638) [the second Cambridge folio].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Oxford, 1675) [the first Oxford quarto].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Oxford, 1679) [the second Oxford quarto].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (London, 1701) [includes Ussher’s chronology].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Oxford, 1717) [Thomas Baskett’s ‘Vinegar Bible’].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Cambridge, 1743) [ed. F. S. Parris].
The Holy Bible … Commandment (Cambridge, 1763) [the Baskerville Bible].
Purver, Anthony, A New and Literal Translation of the Books of the Old and New Testament (2 vols, London, 1764).
The Holy Bible According to the Authorised Version, with Notes Explanatory and Practical … together with Appropriate Introductions, Tables, Indexes, Maps, and Plans. Prepared and Arranged by George D’Oyly … and Richard Mant … under the Direction of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Oxford, 1817).
The Holy Bible: An Exact Reprint in Roman Type, Page for Page of the Authorised Version Published in the Year MDCXI (Oxford, 1833).
The Holy Bible: According to the Authorised Version, Containing the Old and New Testaments: With Original Notes, and Pictorial Illustrations (3 vols, London, 1836–8) [the Kitto Pictorial Bible].
The Illuminated Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments … With Marginal Readings, References, and Chronological Dates. Also, the Apocrypha. … Embellished with Sixteen Hundred Historical Engravings by J. A. Adams, more than Fourteen Hundred of which are from Original Designs by J. G. Chapman (New York, 1846) [Harper’s Illuminated Bible].
Scrivener, F. H. A. (ed.), The Cambridge Paragraph Bible of the Authorised English Version, with the Text Revised by a Collation of its Early and Other Principal Editions, the Use of Italic Type Made Uniform, the Marginal References Remodelled (Cambridge, 1873) [Zondervan uses this text for Bibles such as the King James Life in the Spirit Study Bible: An International Study Bible for Spirit-Filled Christians (2003)].
Schaff, Philip (ed.), The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, Translated out of the Original Tongues, Being the Version Set Forth a.d. 1611, Compared with the Most Ancient Authorities and Revised a.d. 1881–1885, Newly Edited by the American Revision Committee a.d. 1901, Standard Edition (New York, 1901) [American Standard Version; revised as New American Standard Bible (NT 1963, OT 1971; rev. edn, 1995)].
The English Bible containing the Old Testament and the New Translated out of the Original Tongues by Special Command of His Majesty King James the First and now Reprinted with the Text Revised by a Collation of its Early and Other Principal Editions and Edited by the Late F. H. Scrivener (5 vols, Hammersmith, 1902–5) [The Doves Press Bible].
The Scofield Reference Bible (1909; 2nd edn, 1917).
Pollard, A. W. (ed.), The Holy Bible: A Facsimile in a Reduced Size of the Authorised Version Published in the Year 1611, with an Introduction by A. W. Pollard and Illustrative Documents (Oxford, 1911).
Pollard, A. W. (ed.), The Holy Bible: An Exact Reprint in Roman Type, Page for Page of the Authorised Version Published in the Year 1611, with an Introduction by A. W. Pollard (Oxford, 1911).
The 1911 Tercentenary Commemoration Bible: The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments Translated out of the Original Tongues and with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised by King James’s Special Command 1611: (p.322) The Text Carefully Corrected and Amended (New York and London, 1911).
The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments: Translated out of the Original Tongues and with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised by His Majesty’s Special Command: Appointed to be Read in Churches (Oxford, 1935) [The Oxford Lectern Bible].
The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version (London and New York, NT 1946, OT 1952, Apocrypha 1957; ‘Modified Edition’, 1962).
The Holy Bible: Revised Standard Edition: Catholic Edition (Oxford and San Francisco, NT 1965, OT, 1966; 2nd edn, 2006) [known as ‘Ignatius Edition’ or RSV-CE].
English, E. Schuyler (ed.), The New Scofield Reference Bible (New York and London, 1967).
The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version. Containing the Old and New Testaments with the Apocrypha/Deuteroncanonical Books: An Ecumenical Edition (New York and London, 1973) [cover title: Common Bible].
May and Bruce M. Metzger (eds.), The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha: Revised Standard Version, Containing the Second Edition of the New Testament and an Expanded Edition of the Apocrypha (Oxford and New York 1977; 4th edn, 2010) [the ‘Ecumenical Study Bible’].
The Holy Bible: New King James Version (London and Nashville, TN, NT 1979, OT 1982).
The Holy Bible: New Revised Standard Version (Oxford and New York, 1989) [this is the text used in The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha (3rd edn, 2001), The Oxford New Revised Standard Version Anglicized Cross-Reference Edition (1995), and The Green Bible (2008).
21st-Century King James Version (Gary, SD, 1994, known as KJ21); later revision Third Millenium Bible, known by its subtitle as the New Authorized Version (2004).
The Scofield Study Bible III: King James Version (Oxford and New York, 2003) [3rd edn of the Scofield Reference Bible].
David Norton (ed.), The New Cambridge Paragraph Bible with the Apocrypha: King James Version (Cambridge, 2005) [this text has subsequently been published as The Bible in Penguin Classics (2006) and in a Folio Society edition (London, 2011)].
Robert Carroll and Stephen Prickett (eds.), The Bible: Authorized King James Version (Oxford and New York, 2008) [Oxford Classics edn].
Gordon Campbell (ed.), The Holy Bible: Quatercentenary Edition (Oxford and New York, 2010).
Books and Articles
Allen, Ward S., Translating for King James (Nashville, TN, 1969).
—— Translating the New Testament Epistles, 1604–1611: A Manuscript from King James’s Westminster Company (Ann Arbor, MI, 1977).
—— and Jacobs, Edward C., The Coming of the King James Gospels: A Collation of the Translators’ Work-in-Progress (Fayetteville, AR, 1995).
Barlow, William, The Summe and Substance of the Conference … at Hampton Court (London, 1604); facsimile ed. William T. Costello and Charles Keenan (Gainsville, FL, 1965).
Barnard, John, ‘Politics, Profits and Idealism: John Norton, the Stationers’ Company and Sir Thomas Bodley’, Bodleian Library Record, 17 (2002), 385–408.
—— ’The Financing of the Authorized Version, 1610–1612: Robert Barker and “Combining” and “Sleeping” Stationers’, Publishing History, 57 (2005), 5–52.
Bebbington, D. W., Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s (London, 1989).
Blagden, Cyprian, The Stationers’ Company: A History, 1403–1959 (London, 1960).
Bonomi, Patricia U., Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society, and Politics in Colonial America (New York and Oxford, 1986; 2nd edn, 2003).
Boone, Kathleen C., The Bible Tells Them So: The Discourse of Protestant Fundamentalism (Albany, NY, 1989).
Boritt, Gabor, The Gettysburg Gospel: The Lincoln Speech that Nobody Knows (New York and London, 2006).
Brown, Callum, The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularization 1800–2000 (London, 2001).
Cadwallader, Alan, ‘The Politics of Translation of the Revised Version: Evidence from the Newly Discovered Notebooks of Brooke Foss Westcott’, Journal of Theological Studies, 58 (2007), 415–39.
Carey, John, The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia, 1880–1939 (London, 1992).
Carpenter, Joel A., Revive Us Again: The Reawakening of American Fundamentalism (New York and Oxford, 1997).
Chambers, Talbot, A Companion to the Revised Old Testament (New York, 1885).
Corbett, Margery, and Lightbown, Ronald, The Comely Frontispiece: The Emblematic Title-Page in England, 1550–1660 (London, 1979).
Cross, Whitney, The Burned-Over District: The Social and Intellectual History of Enthusiastic Religion in Western New York, 1800–1850 (Ithaca, NY,and London, 1950).
Crystal, David, Begat: The King James Bible and the English Language (Oxford and New York, 2010).
Cummings, Brian, The Literary Culture of the Reformation: Grammar and Grace (Oxford and New York, 2002).
Curtis, Thomas, The Existing Monopoly, an Inadequate Protection of the Authorised Version of Scripture (London, 1833).
Daiches, Samuel, The Bible as Literature: A Lecture (London, 1929).
Daniell, David, The Bible in English: Its History and Influence (New Haven, 2003).
Dinsmore, Charles Allen, The English Bible as Literature (London, 1931).
Discoveries in the Judean Desert (40 vols, Oxford, 1956–2010) [Dead Sea Scrolls].
Eliot, T. S., ‘Religion and Literature’, in V. A. Demant (ed.), The Faith that Illuminates (London, 1935).
Faber, F.W., An Essay on the Interest and Characteristics of the Lives of the Saints, with Illustrations from Mystical Theology (London, 1853).
Ferrell, Lori Anne, The Bible and the People (New Haven, 2008).
Foster, Joseph, Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500–1714 (4 vols, Oxford, 1891).
Fry, Francis, A Description of the Great Bible … [and] of Editions in Large Folio of the Authorised Version (London, 1865).
Gadd, Ian, ‘Covering God’s Ass: New Light on the Wicked Bible of 1631’, unpublished paper read at University of Reading and at Claremont College (conference of the Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publishing), 2003.
Gaines, William H., Jr., ‘The Continental Congress Considers the Publication of a Bible, 1777’, Studies in Bibliography, 3 (1950), 274–81.
Gardiner, John Hays, The Bible as English Literature (London, 1906).
Gaustad, Edwin S., The Great Awakening in New England (New York, 1957).
Gell, Robert, An Essay toward the Amendment of the Last English Translation of the Bible (London, 1659).
Greenslade, S. L. (ed.), The Cambridge History of the Bible: The West from the Reformation to the Present Day (Cambridge, 1963).
Greg, W. W., A Companion to Arber (Oxford, 1967).
—— and Boswell, E. (eds.), Records of the Court of the Stationers’ Company, 1576 to 1602, from Register B (London, 1930).
Gubar, Susan, Judas: A Biography (New York, 2009).
Hammond, Gerald, The Making of the English Bible (Manchester, 1982).
—— and Noll, Mark A. (eds.), The Bible in America (New York and Oxford, 1982).
Herbert, A. S., Historical Catalogue of Printed Editions of the English Bible, 1525–1961 (London and New York, 1968).
Howsam, Leslie, Cheap Bibles: Nineteenth-Century Publishing and the British and Foreign Bible Society (Cambridge, 1991).
Hunt, A., ‘Book Trade Patents, 1603–1640’, in A. Hunt, G. Mandelbrote, and A. Shell (eds.), The Book Trade and its Customers, 1450–1900: Historical Essays for Robin Myers (Winchester and New Castle, DE, 1997), 27–54.
Huxley, Thomas Henry, ‘The School Boards: What they Can Do and what they May Do’, Contemporary Review, 16 (1870), 1–15.
Innes, Kathleen, The Bible as Literature (London, 1930).
Jackson, W.A. (ed.), Records of the Court of the Stationers’ Company, 1602 to 1640 (London, 1957).
Jacobs, E. C., ‘Old Testament Annotations in a Bishops’ Bible, 1602’, Bodleian Library Record, 9 (1974), 173.
—— ’An Old Testament Copytext for the 1611 Bible’, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 69/1 (1975), 1–15.
—— ’Two Stages of Old Testament Translation for the King James Bible’, Library, 6th ser., 2/1 (Mar. 1980), 16–39.
—— ’King James’s Translators: The Bishops’ Bible New Testament Revised’, Library, 6th ser., 14/2 (June 1992), 100–26.
Kilburne, William, Dangerous Errors in Several Late Printed Bibles (London, 1659 [i.e. 1660]).
Knott, David, ‘James Gibbs’s “Illustrations of Popular Literature” ’ (University of Reading Library Special Collections Service, 2008).
Larsen, Timothy, Friends of Religious Equality: Nonconformist Politics in Mid-Victorian England (Woodbridge, Suffolk and Rochester, NY, 1999).
—— Contested Christianity: The Political and Social Context of Victorian Theology (Waco, TX, 2004).
Lewis, C. S., ‘The Literary Impact of The Authorised Version’. The Ethel M. Wood Lecture delivered before the University of London on 20 March 1950 (London, 1950).
Lightfoot, J. B., Trench, Richard C., and. Ellicott, C. J., The Revision of the English Version of the New Testament (New York, 1873).
Lowes, John Livingston, Essays in Appreciation (Boston, 1931) [contains essay on ‘The Noblest Monument of English Prose’].
McClure, Alexander Wilson, The Translators Revived (New York, 1853).
McGrath, A. In the Beginning: The Story of the King James Bible and how it Changed a Nation, a Language and a Culture (London and New York, 2001).
McKitterick, David, A History of Cambridge University Press (3 vols, Cambridge, 1992–2004).
McLoughlin, William G., Revivals, Awakenings, and Reform: An Essay on Religion and Social Change in America, 1607–1977 (Chicago, 1978).
McMullin, J. B., ‘The 1629 Cambridge Bible’, Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 13 (1990), 381–97.
Mangum, R. Todd, The Dispensational-Covenantal Rift: The Fissuring of American Evangelical Theology from 1936 to 1944 (Bletchley, 2007).
Martin, William, With God on Our Side: The Rise of the Religious Right in America (New York, 1996).
Morgan, Paul, ‘A King’s Printer at Work: Two Documents of Robert Barker’, Bodleian Library Record, 13 (1990), 370–4.
Nicolson, Adam, Power and Glory: Jacobean England and the Making of the King James Bible (London, 2003); published in the USA as God’s Secretaries: The Making of the King James Bible (New York, 2003).
Nord, David Paul, Faith in Reading: Religious Publishing and the Birth of Mass Media in America (Oxford and New York, 2004).
Norton, David, A History of the Bible as Literature (2 vols, Cambridge, 1993); revised and condensed into one volume as A History of the English Bible as Literature (Cambridge, 2000).
—— ’John Bois’s Notes on the Revision of the King James Bible New Testament: A New Manuscript’, Library, 6th ser., 18/4 (Dec. 1996), 328–46
—— A Textual History of the King James Bible (Cambridge, 2005).
Paine, Gustavus S., The Learned Men (New York, 1959), republished as The Men behind the King James Version (Grand Rapids, MI, 1977 ).
Parkes, Malcolm, Pause and Effect: An Introduction to the History of Punctuation in the West (Aldershot and Berkeley, CA, 1992).
Plomer, Henry R., ‘The King’s Printing House under the Stuarts’, Library, NS 2 (1901), 353–75.
Rees, Graham, and Wakely, Maria, Publishing, Politics, and Culture: The King’s Printers in the Reign of James I and VI (Oxford and New York, 2009).
Report on the History and Recent Collation of the English Version of the Bible, presented by the Committee on Versions to the Board of Managers of the American Bible Society (New York, 1851).
Roberts, Alexander, Companion to the Revised Version of the New Testament, Explaining the Reasons for the Changes Made on the Authorised Version (London, 1881).
Ryken, Leland, The Word of God in English (Wheaton, IL, 2002).
Saintsbury, George, A History of English Prose Rhythm (London, 1912; repr. Westport, CT, 1978).
Sandeen, Ernest, The Roots of Fundamentalism: British and American Millenarianism, 1800–1930 (Chicago, 1970).
Sawyer, John, The Blackwell Companion to the Bible and Culture (Oxford, 2006).
Schaff, Philip, The Revision of the English Version of the Holy Scripture (New York, 1873).
Schaff, Philip (ed.), Documentary History of the American Committee on Revision. (New York, 1883; enlarged edn, 1885).
—— Historical Account of the Work of the American Committee of Revision of the Authorised English Version of the Bible (New York, 1885).
Scholefield, James, Hints for an Improved Translation of the New Testament (London, 1832; 4th edn, Cambridge, 1857).
Sewell, Arthur, The Bible as Literature (Auckland, 1939).
Shriver, F., ‘Hampton Court Re-Visited: James I and the Puritans’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 33 (1982), 48–71.
Scrivener, E. H. A., The Authorised Edition of the English Bible (1611): Its Subsequent Reprints and Modern Representatives (Cambridge, 1884; repr. Eugene, OR, 2004).
Shuger, Debora Kuller, The Renaissance Bible: Scholarship, Sacrifice, and Subjectivity (Berkeley, CA, 1994).
Smith, Walter E., A Study of the Great ‘She’ Bible (1613 or 1611) (London, 1890).
Sypherd, Wilbur Owen, The Literature of the English Bible (New York, 1938).
Thomas, John B. III, ‘Tales from the Vault: Our Mayflower Bible’, Common-Place: The Interactive Journal of Early American Life, 1/3 (Apr. 2001).
Venn, J., and Venn, J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1751 (4 vols, Cambridge, 1922–7).
Wakely, Maria, ‘Printing and Double-Dealing in Jacobean England: Robert Barker, John Bill, and Bonham Norton’, Library, 8/2 (June 2007), 119–53.
Walters, Kerry S., The American Deists: Voices of Reason and Dissent in the Early Republic (Lawrence, KS, 1992).
—— Benjamin Franklin and his Gods (Urbana, IL, 1999).
Watson, Justin, The Christian Coalition: Dreams of Restoration, Demands for Recognition (Basingstoke and New York, 1997).
Watt, David Harrington, Bible-Carrying Christians: Conservative Protestants and Social Power (New York and Oxford, 2002).
Westbrook, V., Long Travail and Great Paynes: A Politics of Reformation Revision (Dordrecht and Boston, 2001).
Wood, I. F., and Grant, E., The Bible as Literature (New York, 1914; repr. Folcroft, PA, 1979).