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The Postcolonial EnlightenmentEighteenth-Century Colonialism and Postcolonial Theory$
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Daniel Carey and Lynn Festa

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677597

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199677597.001.0001

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Of Speaking Natives and Hybrid Philosophers

Of Speaking Natives and Hybrid Philosophers

Lahontan, Diderot, and the French Enlightenment Critique of Colonialism

(p.207) 6 Of Speaking Natives and Hybrid Philosophers
The Postcolonial Enlightenment

Doris L. Garraway

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the debate that postcolonial theory has generated about what it calls ‘colonial discourse’. There has emerged in the field of postcolonial studies a significant degree of consensus about its ideological function. In the work of Edward Said, Gayatri Spivak, and Homi Bhabha, ‘colonial discourse’ has been described as the epistemological corollary to colonial violence, a system of knowledge and representation through which Europeans produced, defined, and contained non-European difference. This chapter also discloses that while theorists of colonialism have continued to refine their terms and critical theories of colonial discourse over time, many scholars within and outside the field of postcolonial studies have challenged postcolonial theorists to consider the ways in which such broad, totalizing claims confuse discourses of representation with regimes of governmentality.

Keywords:   postcolonial theory, colonial discourse, Edward Said, Gayatri Spivak, Homi Bhabha, colonial violence, postcolonial theorists

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