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From Hand to HandleThe First Industrial Revolution$
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Lawrence Barham

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199604715

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.001.0001

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Something New from Something Old

Something New from Something Old

Chapter:
(p.113) 4 Something New from Something Old
Source:
From Hand to Handle
Author(s):

Lawrence Barham

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.003.0005

This chapter examines the archaeological evidence for the precursors of hafting. More specifically, it looks at the innovations which preceded the innovation of hafting, where they happened and the environmental conditions under which they happened, and what cognitive abilities were involved. It first considers the diversity of tool-making humans in Africa, Europe, and Asia during the Middle Pleistocene and the environments in which they lived and how they changed. It then links the available archaeological evidence with the location of finds and what is known about climate change to obtain a clearer picture of those regions where hafting was most and least likely to have been invented and why. It also discusses the so-called integrative technologies that developed before the invention of hafting and appeared in the Middle Pleistocene after 900,000 years.

Keywords:   archaeological evidence, hafting, innovations, tool-making humans, Middle Pleistocene, climate change, integrative technologies, environmental conditions, cognitive abilities, Africa

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