This chapter discusses policing, how it shapes localities, and how different localities affect it. Various cities and towns need customized and localized police approaches and procedures when they employ technology (for example, a mountainous area needs stronger radio reception). Or the local police can incorporate local citizen radio operators and transform itself to an efficient organization. Besides specialized functions that involve equipment such as those used for DNA profiling and forensic analysis and its spontaneous retrieval of information through real time access to databases anywhere, the police has also changed in appearance with sophisticated weaponry such as thinner bullet proof vests and camera equipped helmets. While policing is shaped by topography — the social and cultural mix — it is also becoming less bounded by place. The Internet has uprooted the police and deposited it to patrol the web for cyber crimes. The availability of cheap international transportation and easing of borders between countries have also transformed public-service placemaking, in which policing is the organization most deeply involved.
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