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The Economies of Hellenistic Societies, Third to First Centuries BC$
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Zosia Archibald, John K. Davies, and Vincent Gabrielsen

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199587926

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587926.001.0001

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Jewish Subjects and Seleukid Kings

Jewish Subjects and Seleukid Kings

A Case Study of Economic Interaction

(p.19) 2 Jewish Subjects and Seleukid Kings
The Economies of Hellenistic Societies, Third to First Centuries BC

G.G. Aperghis

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the economic interaction between the Seleukid kings and their Jewish subjects. The analysis of tribute, taxation, and services indicates a wide variety of exactions by Seleukid kings on their Jewish subjects. These include a fixed tribute and different proportional taxes on agricultural produce; from natural resources owned by the king (wood and salt in the case of Judaea); and from tolls, sales, and other transaction taxes, including the dues for holding a commercial fair. In exchange the Seleukids provided a variety of economic benefits to the Jews, such as increases in territory and revenue, tribute and tax concessions, and monetary and material support for the Temple and its cult activities. The economic interaction between the Seleukids and Jews seems to have been expressed mainly in coin, suggesting that the economy of Judaea had become considerably monetarized.

Keywords:   Judea, Jews, economic interactions, Seleukid Empire, tribute, taxes, services

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