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Tundra-Taiga Biology$
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Robert M. M. Crawford

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199559404

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199559404.001.0001

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Human arrival in the Arctic

Human arrival in the Arctic

(p.51) Chapter 3 Human arrival in the Arctic
Tundra-Taiga Biology

R. M. M. Crawford

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the arrival of humans in the Arctic. In 1993, Russian archaeologists discovered an early Palaeolithic site on the Yana River in eastern Siberia that astounded the archaeological world. The site, dated to 27,000 BP, is generally referred to as the Yana Rhinoceros Horn Site. The discovery of the site not only revised the date for the first human penetration of the coast of Siberia, but also changed the perception of when Palaeolithic hunters reached, and possibly crossed, the Bering Strait into North America. The chapter also discusses the indigenous peoples of Arctic Eurasia; indigenous peoples of Arctic America; adapting to unpredictable environments; Eurasian reindeer herding; Norse settlements across the North Atlantic; and northern peoples in recent times.

Keywords:   Arctic Eurasia, prehistoric arctic peoples, indigenous peoples, Norse settlements, reindeer herding, northern peoples, Mammoth Graveyard

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