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The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist MagazinesVolume II: North America 1894-1960$
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Peter Brooker and Andrew Thacker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199545810

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199545810.001.0001

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New York Poets

New York Poets

Folder (1953–6); Neon (1954–60); and Yugen (1958–62)

(p.983) 43 New York Poets
The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines

Ian Patterson

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the histories of the magazines Folder, Neon, and Yugen. Folder was launched at the end of 1953 as part of Daisy Aldan's neosymbolist project of integrating the arts, or at least bringing the different arts into the same place. It drew on the already existing spirit of collaboration among the new generation of artists and writers in New York in the early 1950s, and much of its continuing reputation is due to the fact that alongside work by significant painters it printed the work of emerging poets such as Frank O'Hara, James Schuyler, and Barbara Guest. Neon belonged to a different New York City and a different magazine culture from Aldan's Folder as evidenced by its amateur appearance, its polemical programme, its eclecticism, and its ephemerality. Like many other magazines, it was started because a group of writers could not get their work published anywhere else. Yugen imported a complex term from traditional Japanese aesthetics for its title. However, despite a discernible Beat/Zen influence, at the heart of the magazine was novelty and anti-academic criticism.

Keywords:   American magazine, periodical, American poetry, Daisy Aldan, poetry magazine

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