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Primate SexualityComparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans$
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Alan F. Dixson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544646

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.001.0001

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Primate classification and evolution

Primate classification and evolution

(p.7) Chapter 2 Primate classification and evolution
Primate Sexuality

Alan F. Dixson

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the different classifications of primates and their evolution. Primates are taxonomically classified based on their morphological traits. For example, they have eyes that point forward in order to have a stereoscopic vision. They also have grasping hands and feet, and the thumbs and great toes are often opposable. These traits have important implications for the understanding of primate evolution and classification. The chapter examines the six major super families of primates: Superfamily Lemuroidea, Superfamily Lorisoidea, Superfamily Tarsioidea, Superfamily Ceboidea, Superfamily Cercopithecoidea, and Superfamily Hominoidea. It groups them into two categories: prosimian and anthropoid. Evolutionary relationships among primates and time-scales are also explored.

Keywords:   primates, superfamilies, Lemuroidea, Lorisoidea, Tarsioidea, Ceboidea, Cercopithecoidea, Hominoidea, prosimian, anthropoid

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