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Primate SexualityComparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans$
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Alan F. Dixson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544646

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.001.0001

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Human sexuality in primatological perspective

Human sexuality in primatological perspective

(p.624) Chapter 15 Human sexuality in primatological perspective
Primate Sexuality

Alan F. Dixson

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the areas of human sexuality in relation to different primatological evidence. It describes the connection between sexual selection and human evolution that triggers the evolution of human copulatory patterns. Sexual selection and natural selection may have favoured sexual dimorphism in several physical traits in the early members of the genus Homo. Also, sperm competition commonly occurs in humans, affecting the human evolution significantly. The chapter examines the development of human sexual behaviour, including the issues of homosexuality and bisexuality among humans. The menstrual cycle and sexual behaviour of women are also given some explanations. The chapter concludes that new discoveries on the central actions of ovarian and adrenal hormones during sexual behaviour in non-human primates may advance the understanding of human behavioural endocrinology.

Keywords:   human sexuality, sexual selection, human evolution, sexual dimorphism, sperm competition, menstrual cycle, sexual behaviour, human behavioural endocrinology

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