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Primate SexualityComparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans$
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Alan F. Dixson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544646

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.001.0001

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Darwin and friends

Darwin and friends

Chapter:
(p.1) Chapter 1 Darwin and friends
Source:
Primate Sexuality
Author(s):

Alan F. Dixson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0001

This introductory chapter gives an overview of the scientific discoveries on sexology during the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It highlights Darwin's theory of evolution, and its relation to sexuality. Darwin made few references on the subject of sexual differences in human morphology and secondary sexual traits in his book, Origin of Species. Two principal avenues of sexual selection were identified and explored by Darwin: intra-sexual competition and inter-sexual selection. The chapter describes the contribution of other nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century scientist regarding the sexual behaviour of animals and humans. These scientists include Mendel, Berthold, Bayliss, Starling, Forel, Freud, Hirschfeld and Bloch.

Keywords:   Charles Darwin, theory of evolution, intra-sexual competition, inter-sexual selection, Origin of Species, Adolph Berthold, William Bayliss, Ernest Starling, François-Alphonse Forel, Sigmund Freud

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