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Judging Statutes$

Robert Katzmann

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199362134

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199362134.001.0001

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(p.109) Appendix B Selected Commentary Since 1997 Addressing Statutory Interpretation

(p.109) Appendix B Selected Commentary Since 1997 Addressing Statutory Interpretation

Judging Statutes
Oxford University Press

Since 1997, when I last surveyed the field in research for Courts and Congress, there have been hundreds of articles and many books addressing in some fashion statutory interpretation. Given the proposition that a subject matter’s importance can in part be measured by the amount of attention paid to it, I list many of the articles and books here to establish that statutory interpretation is surely a matter of importance.

A. Books

Michael A. Bailey & Forrest Maltzman, The Constrained Court: Law, Politics, and the Decisions Justices Make (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011).

William C. Burton, Burton’s Legal Thesaurus, 5th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2013).

Frank B. Cross, The Theory and Practice of Statutory Interpretation (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009).

Einer Elhauge, Statutory Default Rules: How to Interpret Unclear Legislation (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008).

William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett, eds., Statutory Interpretation Stories (New York: Foundation Press, 2011).

William N. Eskridge, Jr. & John Ferejohn, A Republic of Statutes: The New American Constitution (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press 2010).

William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett, Cases and Materials on Legislation: Statutes and the Creation of Public Policy (West Group, 2007).

(p.110) William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett, Legislation and Statutory Interpretation, 2d ed. (New York: Foundation Press, 2006).

Kent Greenawalt, Legislation: Statutory Interpretation: 20 Questions (New York: Foundation Press, 1999).

Kent Greenawalt, Statutory and Common Law Interpretation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).

John F. Manning & Matthew C. Stephenson, Legislation and Regulation, 2d ed. (New York: Foundation Press, 2013).

Abner J. Mikva & Eric Lane, Legislative Process, 3d ed. (New York: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 2009).

Jeffrey A. Segal, Harold J. Spaeth, & Sara C. Benesh, The Supreme Court in the American Legal System (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Lawrence Sloan, The Language of Statutes: Laws and Their Interpretation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010).

Peter L. Strauss, Legislation: Understanding and Using Statutes (New York: Foundation Press, 2006).

Adrian Vermeule, Judging Under Uncertainty: An Institutional Theory of Legal Interpretation (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006).

Jeremy Waldron, The Dignity of Legislation (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Jeremy Waldron, Law and Disagreement (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

B. Articles

Bernard W. Bell, Legislative History Without Legislative Intent: The Public Justification Approach to Statutory Interpretation, 60 Ohio St. L.J. 1 (1999).

Andrew D. Bradt, Resolving Intrastate Conflict of Laws: The Example of the Federal Arbritation Act, 92 Wash. U. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2014).

Glenn Bridgman, One of These Things Is Not Like the Others: Legislative History in the U.S. Courts of Appeal (Yale Law Sch. Student Prize Papers, No. 88, 2012), available at http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/ylsspps_papers/88

James J. Brudney, Below the Surface: Comparing Legislative History Usage by the House of Lords and the Supreme Court, 85 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1 (2007).

James J. Brudney, Canon Shortfalls and the Virtues of Political Branch Interpretive Assets, 98 Calif. L. Rev. 1199 (2010).

James J. Brudney, Confirmatory Legislative History, 76 Brook. L. Rev. 901 (2011).

James J. Brudney, Intentionalism’s Revival, 44 San Diego L. Rev. 1001 (2007).

James J. Brudney, The Supreme Court as Interstitial Actor: Justice Ginsburg’s Eclectic Approach to Statutory Interpretation, 70 Ohio St. L.J. 889 (2009).

(p.111) James J. Brudney & Lawrence Baum, Oasis or Mirage: The Supreme Court’s Thirst for Dictionaries in the Rehnquist and Roberts Eras, 55 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 483 (2013).

James J. Brudney & Corey Ditslear, The Decline and Fall of Legislative History? Patterns of Supreme Court Reliance in the Burger and Rehnquist Eras, 89 Judicature 220 (2006).

James J. Brudney & Corey Ditslear, Liberal Justices’ Reliance on Legislative History: Principle, Strategy, and the Scalia Effect, 29 Berkeley J. Emp. & Lab. L. 117 (2008).

James J. Brudney & Corey Ditslear, The Warp and Woof of Statutory Interpretation: Comparing Supreme Court Approaches in Tax Law and Workplace Law, 58 Duke L.J. 1231 (2009).

William W. Buzbee, The One-Congress Fiction in Statutory Interpretation, 149 U. Pa. L. Rev. 171 (2000).

Carol Chomsky, The Story of Holy Trinity Church v. United States (1892): Spirit and History in Statutory Interpretation in Statutory Interpretation Stories (William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett eds.) 2–35 (New York: Foundation Press, 2011).

Matthew R. Christiansen & William N. Eskridge, Jr., Congressional Overrides of Supreme Court Statutory Interpretation Decisions, 1967–2011, 92 Tex. L. Rev. 1317 (2014).

Maura D. Corrigan & J. Michael Thomas, “Dice Loading” Rules of Statutory Interpretation, 59 N.Y.U. Ann. Surv. Am. L. 231 (2003).

Frank B. Cross, The Significance of Statutory Interpretive Methodologies, 82 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1971 (2007).

Einer Elhauge, Preference-Eliciting Statutory Default Rules, 102 Colum. L. Rev. 2162 (2002).

Anthony L. Engel, Note, Questionable Uses of Canons of Statutory Interpretation: Why the Supreme Court Erred When It Decided “Any” Only Means “Some, 96 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 877 (2006).

William N. Eskridge, Jr., All About Words: Early Understandings of the “Judicial Power” in Statutory Interpretation, 1776–1806, 101 Colum. L. Rev. 990 (2001).

William N. Eskridge, Jr., The New Textualism and Normative Canons, 113 Colum. L. Rev. 531 (2013).

William N. Eskridge, Jr., Should the Supreme Court Read The Federalist but Not Statutory Legislative History?, 66 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 1301 (1998).

William N. Eskridge, Jr. & Lauren E. Baer, The Continuum of Deference: Supreme Court Treatment of Agency Statutory Interpretations from Chevron to Hamdan, 96 Geo. L.J. 1083 (2008).

Daniel A. Farber, Do Theories of Statutory Interpretation Matter? A Case Study, 94 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1409 (2000).

Philip P. Frickey, Interpretive-Regime Change, 38 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 1971 (2005).

Amanda Frost, Certifying Questions to Congress, 101 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1 (2007).

(p.112) Elizabeth Garrett, The Story of TVA v. Hill (1973): Congress Has the Last Word, in Statutory Interpretation Stories (William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett eds.) 58–91 (New York: Foundation Press, 2011).

Abbe R. Gluck, The States as Laboratories of Statutory Interpretation: Methodological Consensus and the New Modified Textualism, 119 Yale L.J. 1750 (2010).

Abbe R. Gluck & Lisa Schultz Bressman, Statutory Interpretation From the Inside—An Empirical Study of Congressional Drafting, Delegation and the Canons: Part I, 65 Stan. L. Rev. 901 (2013).

Abbe R. Gluck & Lisa Schultz Bressman, Statutory Interpretation From the Inside—An Empirical Study of Congressional Drafting, Delegation and the Canons: Part II, 66 Stan. L. Rev. 725 (2014).

Senator Charles Grassley & Jennifer Shaw Schmidt, Policy Essay, Practicing What We Preach: A Legislative History of Congressional Accountability, 35 Harv. J. on Legis. 33 (1998).

Abner S. Greene, The Missing Step of Textualism, 74 Fordham L. Rev. 1913 (2006).

Robert J. Gregory, Overcoming Text in an Age of Textualism: A Practitioner’s Guide to Arguing Cases of Statutory Interpretation, 35 Akron L. Rev. 451 (2001–2002).

Joseph A. Grundfest & A.C. Pritchard, Statutes with Multiple Personality Disorders: The Value of Ambiguity in Statutory Design and Interpretation, 54 Stan. L. Rev. 627 (2002).

Richard L. Hasen, Bad Legislative Intent, 2006 Wis. L. Rev. 843.

Richard L. Hasen, End of the Dialogue? Political Polarization, the Supreme Court, and Congress, 86 S. Cal. L. Rev. 205 (2013).

Michael P. Healy, Spurious Interpretation Redux: Mead and the Shrinking Domain of Statutory Ambiguity, 54 Admin. L. Rev. 673 (2002).

Edward Heath, Essay, How Federal Judges Use Legislative History, 25 J. Legis. 95 (1999).

Michael Herz, Purposivism and Institutional Competence in Statutory Interpretation, 2009 Mich. St. L. Rev. 89.

Virginia A. Hettinger & Christopher Zorn, Explaining the Incidence and Timing of Congressional Responses to the U.S. Supreme Court, 30 Legis. Stud. Q. 5 (2005).

Olatunde Johnson, The Story of Bob Jones University v. United States (1983): Race, Religion and Congress’ Extraordinary Acquiesence, in Statutory Interpretation Stories (William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett eds.) 126–63 (New York: Foundation Press, 2011).

John F. Manning, Competing Presumptions About Statutory Coherence, 74 Fordham L. Rev. 2009 (2006).

John F. Manning, Response, Deriving Rules of Statutory Interpretation from the Constitution, 101 Colum. L. Rev. 1648 (2001).

John F. Manning, Putting Legislative History to a Vote: A Response to Professor Siegel, 53 Vand. L. Rev. 1529 (2000).

John F. Manning, Textualism and Legislative Intent, 91 Va. L. Rev. 419 (2005).

(p.113) John F. Manning, Textualism and the Equity of the Statute, 101 Colum. L. Rev. 1 (2001).

John F. Manning, What Divides Textualists from Purposivists?, 106 Colum. L. Rev. 70 (2006).

John F. Manning, Justice Scalia and the Legislative Process, 62 N.Y.U. Ann. Surv. Am. L. 33 (2006).

Jerry L. Mashaw, Norms, Practices, and the Paradox of Deference: A Preliminary Inquiry into Agency Statutory Interpretation, 57 Admin. L. Rev. 501 (2005).

Mathew D. McCubbins & Daniel B. Rodriguez, What Is New in the New Statutory Interpretation? Introduction to The Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues Symposium, 14 J. Contemp. Legal Issues 535 (2005).

Paul E. McGreal, A Constitutional Defense of Legislative History, 13 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1267 (2005).

Thomas W. Merrill, The Story of Chevron USA Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. (1984): Sometimes Great Cases Are Made Not Born, in Statutory Interpretation Stories (William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett eds.) 164–95 (New York: Foundation Press, 2011). Jonathan T. Molot, Reexamining Marbury in the Administrative State: A Structural and Institutional Defense of Judicial Power over Statutory Interpretation, 96 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1239 (2002).

Jonathan T. Molot, The Rise and Fall of Textualism, 106 Colum. L. Rev. 1 (2006).

Morell E. Mullins, Sr., Coming to Terms with Strict and Liberal Construction, 64 Alb. L. Rev. 9 (2000).

John Copeland Nagle, The Worst Statutory Interpretation Case in History, 94 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1445 (2000) (reviewing William D. Popkin, Statutes in Court: The History and Theory of Statutory Interpretation (1999)).

Caleb Nelson, A Response to Professor Manning, 91 Va. L. Rev. 451 (2005).

Caleb Nelson, Statutory Interpretation and Decision Theory, 74 U. Chi. L. Rev. 329 (2007) (reviewing Adrian Vermeule, Judging Under Uncertainty: An Institutional Theory of Legal Interpretation (2006)).

Caleb Nelson, What is Textualism?, 91 Va. L. Rev. 347 (2005).

David Nimmer, Appreciating Legislative History: The Sweet and Sour Spots of the DMCA’s Commentary, 23 Cardozo L. Rev. 909 (2002).

Lars Noah, Divining Regulatory Intent: The Place for a “Legislative History” of Agency Rules, 51 Hastings L.J. 255 (2000).

Victoria F. Nourse, A Decision Theory of Statutory Interpretation: Legislative History by the Rules, 122 Yale L.J. 70 (2012).

Victoria F. Nourse & Jane S. Schacter, The Politics of Legislative Drafting: A Congressional Case Study, 77 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 575 (2002).

Gary E. O’Connor, Restatement (First) of Statutory Interpretation, 7 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol’y 333 (2004).

Nicholas R. Parrillo, Leviathan and Interpretive Revolution: The Administrative State, the Judiciary, and the Rise of Legislative History, 1890–1950, 123 Yale L.J. 266 (2013).

(p.114) Bruce G. Peabody, Congressional Constitutional Interpretation and the Courts: A Preliminary Inquiry into Legislative Attitudes, 1959–2001, 29 Law & Soc. Inquiry 127 (2004).

Richard A. Posner, Reply: The Institutional Dimension of Statutory and Constitutional Interpretation, 101 Mich. L. Rev. 952 (2003).

Zachary Price, The Rule of Lenity as a Rule of Structure, 72 Fordham L. Rev. 885 (2004).

Todd D. Rakoff, Statutory Interpretation as a Multifarious Enterprise, 104 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1559 (2010).

John C. Roberts, Are Congressional Committees Constitutional?: Radical Textualism, Separation of Powers, and the Enactment Process, 52 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 489 (2001).

Daniel B. Rodriguez & Barry R. Weingast, The Paradox of Expansionist Statutory Interpretations, 101 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1207 (2007).

Daniel B. Rodriguez & Barry R. Weingast, The Positive Political Theory of Legislative History: New Perspectives on the 1964 Civil Rights Act and Its Interpretation, 151 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1417 (2003).

Nicholas Quinn Rosenkranz, Federal Rules of Statutory Interpretation, 115 Harv. L. Rev. 2085 (2002).

Edward Rubin, Dynamic Statutory Interpretation in the Administrative State, Issues in Legal Scholarship, bepress.com (2002).

Theodore W. Ruger, The Story of FDA v. Brown & Williamson (2000): The Norm of Agency Continuity, in Statutory Interpretation Stories (William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett eds.) 334–65 (New York: Foundation Press, 2011).

Jane S. Schacter, The Confounding Common Law Originalism in Recent Supreme Court Statutory Interpretation: Implications for the Legislative History Debate and Beyond, 51 Stan. L. Rev. 1 (1998).

Robert W. Scheef, Temporal Dynamics in Statutory Interpretation: Courts, Congress, and the Canon of Constitutional Avoidance, 64 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 529 (2003).

Charles E. Schumer, Under Attack: Congressional Power in the Twenty-first Century, 1 Harv. L & Pol’y Rev. 1 (2007).

Catherine M. Sharkey, Inside Agency Preemption, 110 Mich. L. Rev. 521 (2012).

Jonathan R. Siegel, Timing and Delegation: A Reply, 53 Vand. L. Rev. 1543 (2000).

Jonathan R. Siegel, The Use of Legislative History in a System of Separated Powers, 53 Vand. L. Rev. 1457 (2000).

Michael Sinclair, The Proper Treatment of “Interpretive Choice” in Statutory Decision-Making, 45 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 389 (2002).

Lawrence M. Solan, Private Language, Public Laws: The Central Role of Legislative Intent in Statutory Interpretation, 93 Geo. L.J. 427 (2005).

Kevin M. Stack, Agency Statutory Interpretation and Policymaking Form, 2009 Mich. St. L. Rev. 225. (p.115) Kevin M. Stack, The Divergence of Constitutional and Statutory Interpretation, 75 U. Colo. L. Rev. 1 (2004).

Nancy Staudt, Lee Epstein, Peter Wiedenbeck, René Lindstädt & Ryan J. Vander Wielen, Judging Statutes: Interpretative Regimes, 38 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 1909 (2005).

Nancy C. Staudt, René Lindstädt & Jason O’Connor, Judicial Decisions as Legislation: Congressional Oversight of Supreme Court Tax Cases, 1954–2005, 82 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1340 (2007).

Matthew C. Stephenson, Legislative Allocation of Delegated Power: Uncertainty, Risk, and the Choice Between Agencies and Courts, 119 Harv. L. Rev. 1035 (2006).

Peter L. Strauss, The Courts and the Congress: Should Judges Disdain Political History?, 98 Colum. L. Rev. 242 (1998).

Cass R. Sunstein & Adrian Vermeule, Interpretation and Institutions, 101 Mich. L. Rev. 885 (2003).

Cass R. Sunstein & Adrian Vermeule, Interpretive Theory in Its Infancy: A Reply to Posner, 101 Mich. L. Rev. 972 (2003).

Timothy P. Terrell, Statutory Epistemology: Mapping the Interpretation Debate, 53 Emory L.J. 523 (2004).

Charles Tiefer, The Reconceptualization of Legislative History in the Supreme Court, 2000 Wis. L. Rev. 205.

Adrian Vermeule, The Cycles of Statutory Interpretation, 68 U. Chi. L. Rev. 149 (2001).

Jeremy Waldron, Legislating with Integrity, 72 Fordham L. Rev. 373 (2003).

Abby Wright, Comment, For All Intents and Purposes: What Collective Intention Tells Us About Congress and Statutory Interpretation, 154 U. Pa. L. Rev. 983 (2006).

Ernest A. Young, The Story of Gregory v. Ashcroft (1991): Clear Statement Rules and the Statutory Constitution of American Federalism, in Statutory Interpretation Stories (William N. Eskridge, Jr., Philip P. Frickey & Elizabeth Garrett eds.) 196–225 (New York: Foundation Press, 2011). (p.116)