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The Objectification SpectrumUnderstanding and Transcending Our Diminishment and Dehumanization of Others$

John M. Rector

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199355419

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199355419.001.0001

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(p.249) References

Source:
The Objectification Spectrum
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Introduction

Buber, M. (1970). I and Thou. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Cahn, S. M. (1995). The Republic. In S. M. Cahn (Ed.), Classics of Western Philosophy, 4th ed., 112–232. Indianapolis, Cambridge: Hackett Publishing.

Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Huxley, A. (1970) [1945]. The Perennial Philosophy, Perennial Library. New York: Harper & Row.

James, W. (1906). The Moral Equivalent of War. Retrieved from http://www.constitution.org/wj/meow.htm.

Jung, C. G. (1975). Psychology and religion. In S. R. Read & G. Adler (Eds.), & R. F. C. Hull (Trans.), Psychology and Religion: West and East (The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Vol. 11). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 131.

Smith, H. (1991). The World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Chapter 1

Bandura, A. (2003). The role of selective moral disengagement in terrorism and counterterrorism. In F. M. Moghaddam and A. J. Marsella (Eds.), Understanding Terrorism: Psychological Roots, Consequences, and Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 121–150.

Cahill, A. J. (2011). Overcoming Objectification: A Carnal Ethics. New York: Routledge.

Chirot, D., & McCauley, C. (2006). Why Not Kill Them All? The Logic and Prevention of Mass Political Murder. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Dupuy, R. E., & Dupuy, T. N. (1994). The Collins Encyclopedia of Military History, Glasgow: Collins, 1308.

Glover, J. (2001). Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale; Nota Bene.

Goldhagen, D. (2009). Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the On-Going Assault on Humanity. New York: Public Affairs.

Hasegawa, T. (2006). Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Kelman, H. C. (1973). Violence without moral restraint: Reflections on the dehumanization of victims and victimizers. Journal of Social Issues, 29 (4), 25–61. (p.250)

Kressel, N. J. (2002). Mass Hate: The Global Rise of Genocide and Terror. Cambridge, MA: Worldview Press.

Lifton, R. J. (2011). Witness to an Extreme Century: A Memoir. New York: Free Press.

Neiman, S. (2004). Evil in Modern Thought. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 10.

Smith, D. L. (2011). Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Stanton, G. H. (1998). The eight stages of genocide and preventing genocide. Paper presented to U.S. State Department, 1996. Retrieved from http://www.genocidewatch.org/aboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html.

Wilson, W. (2007). The winning weapon? Rethinking nuclear weapons in light of Hiroshima. International Security, 31 (4), Spring, 162–179.

Zimbardo, P. G. (2008). The Lucifer Effect: How Good People Turn Evil. New York: Random House.

Chapter 2

Bartky, S. L. (1990). Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression. New York: Routledge.

Buber, M. (1970). I and Thou. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Calogero, R. M. (2004). A test of objectification theory: Effect of the male gaze on appearance concerns in college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28, 16–21.

Calogero, R. M., Tantleff-Dunn, S., & Thompson, J. K. (2011). Self-Objectification in Women: Causes, Consequences, and Counteractions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2008). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics.

Dworkin, A. (2000) [1985]. Against the male flood: Censorship, pornography, and equality. In Drucilla Cornell (Ed.), Oxford Readings in Feminism: Feminism and Pornography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 19–44.

Fredrickson, B. L., & Roberts, T. A. (1997). Objectification theory: Toward understanding women’s lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21 (2), 173–206.

Fredrickson, B. L., Roberts, T. A., Noll, S. M., Quinn, D. M., & Twenge, J. M. (1998). That swimsuit becomes you: Sex differences in self-objectification, restrained eating, and math performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 269–284.

Jeffreys, S. (2005). Beauty and Misogyny: Harmful Cultural Practices in the West. New York: Routledge.

Kant, I. (1993) [1785]. Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, 3rd ed. (J. W. Ellington, Trans.). Indianapolis: Hackett, 30.

Kant, I. (1998) [1785]. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy, Mary Gregor (Ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 42.

Langton, R. (2009). Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

LeMoncheck, L. (1985). Dehumanizing Women: Treating Persons as Sex Objects. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. (p.251)

Moradi, B., & Huang, Y. P. (2008). Objectification theory and the psychology of women: A decade of advances and future directions. Psychology or Women Quarterly, 32, 377–398.

Nussbaum, M. C. (1995). Objectification. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 24 (4) (Autumn), 249–291.

Nussbaum, M. C. (2000). Sex and Social Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, T., & Gettman, J. Y. (2004). Mere exposure: Gender differences in the negative effects of priming a state of self-objectification. Sex Roles, 51, 17–27.

Schumacher, E. F. (1977). A Guide for the Perplexed. New York: Harper & Row.

Tiggemann, M., & Lynch, J. E. (2001). Body image across the life span in adult women: The role of self-objectification. Developmental Psychology, 37, 243–253.

Tiggemann, M., & Kuring, J. K. (2004). The role of body objectification in disordered eating and depressed mood. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 299–311.

Tiggemann, M., & Williams, E. (2012). The role of self-objectification in disordered eating, depressed mood, and sexual functioning among women: A comprehensive test of objectification theory. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 36, 66–75.

Zubringen, E. L., & Roberts, T. A. (2012). The Sexualization of Girls and Girlhood. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chapter 3

Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1990). Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement. In Reich, W. (Ed.). Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, & States of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 161–191.

Bandura, A. (2003). The role of selective moral disengagement in terrorism and counterterrorism. In Moghaddam, F. M., & Marsella, A. J. (Eds.). Understanding Terrorism: Psychological Roots, Consequences, and Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 121–150.

Bartky, S. (1990). Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression. New York: Routledge.

Benesch, S. (2004). Inciting genocide, pleading free speech. World Policy Journal, 21 (2), Summer. Retrieved from http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/vp01.cfm?outfit=pmt&folder=193&paper=2022.

Borg, M. J. (2004) The Heart of Christianity: Rediscovering a Life of Faith. San Francisco: Harper.

Cahill, A. J. (2011). Overcoming Objectification: A Carnal Ethics. New York: Routledge.

Chang, I. (1997). The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocuast of World War II. London: Penguin Books.

Chirot, D., & McCauley, C. (2006). Why Not Kill Them All? The Logic and Prevention of Mass Political Murder. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Goldberg, S. (2005, Jan. 26). Barber to the SS, Witness to the Holocaust. (Accessed May 24, 2011). Retrieved from http://articles.cnn.com/2005-01-26/world/auschwitz.barber_1_prisoners-ss-officers-auschwitz?_s=PM:WORLD.

Goldhagen, D. (2009). Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the On-Going Assault on Humanity. New York: Public Affairs.

Glover, J. (2001). Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale; Nota Bene. (p.252)

Hedges, C. (2009). Empire of Illusion: The End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle. New York: Nation Books.

Higham, S., & Stephens, J. (2004, May 21). New Details of Prison Abuse Emerge, Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A43783-2004May20.html.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama (2009). Becoming Enlightened. New York: Atria Paperbacks.

Keen, S. (1986). Faces of the Enemy: Reflections on the Hostile Imagination. New York: HarperCollins.

Kelman, H. C. (1973). Violence without moral restraint: Reflections on the dehumanization of victims and victimizers. Journal of Social Issues, 29 (4), 25–61.

Kressel, N. J. (2002). Mass Hate: The Global Rise of Genocide and Terror. Cambridge, MA: Worldview Press.

Lang, J. (2010). Questioning dehumanization: Intersubjective dimensions of violence in the Nazi concentration and death camps. Holocaust and Genocide Studies. 24 (2), 225–246.

Lifton, R. J., & Humpfrey, N. (1984). In a Dark Time. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

McEwan, I. (2011). Only love, and then oblivion. Love was all they had to set against their murderers. The Guardian, Sept. 15.

Morris, E. (Director). (2003). The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara [Film]. Available from Sony Picture Classics.

Muller, F. (1999). Eyewitness Auschwitz: Three Years in the Gas Chambers. New York: Ivan R. Dee.

Nussbaum, M. C. (1995). Objectification. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 24 (4) (Autumn), 249–291.

Paulsky, S. (1996). Rudolf Höss, Death dealer: Memoirs of the SS Kommandant at Auschwitz. New York: Da Capo Press.

Quammen, D. (2003). Monster of God: The Man-Eating Predator in the Jungles of History and in the Mind. New York: W. W. Norton.

Scarry, E. (1998). The difficulty of imagining other persons. In E. Weiner (Ed.), The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence. New York: Continuum Publishing, 40–62.

Sereny, G. (1974). Into That Darkness: An Examination of Conscience. New York: Vintage.

Singer, P. (1994). Practical Ethics, 2nd Ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Smith, D. L. (2011). Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Sofsky, W. (1997). The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Stanton, G. H. (1998). The Eight Stages of Genocide and Preventing Genocide. Paper presented to US State Department, 1996. Retrieved from http://www.genocidewatch.org/aboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html.

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United Nations General Assembly (October 17, 2011). 1.5 Billion People Living in Absolute Poverty Makes Its Eradication Humankind’s Most Significant Challenge, Second Committee Told. Retrieved August 2, 2013, from: http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/gaef3313.doc.htm. (p.253)

Westra, H., Metsallar, M., van der Wal, R., & Stam, D. (2004). Inside Anne Frank’s House: An Illustrated Journey Through Anne’s World. New York: Overlook Duckworth.

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Zimbardo, P. G. (2008). The Lucifer Effect: How Good People Turn Evil. New York: Random House.

Chapter 4

Bassiouni, M. C. (1997). Searching for peace and achieving justice: The need for accountability. Law and Contemporary Problems. 9 (4), 9–28.

Brzezinski, Z. (1995). Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the 21st Century. New York: Touchstone Books.

Buber, M. (1970). I and Thou. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Dawkins, R. (2008). The God Delusion. Boston, MA: Mariner Books.

Dawkins, R. (2010). The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution. New York: Free Press.

Dawkins, R. (2011). The Magic of Reality: How We Know What’s Really True. New York: Free Press. (p.254)

Dennett, D. (2004). Freedom Evolves. London: Penguin Books.

Dennett, D. (2007). Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. London: Penguin Books.

Harris, S. (2005). The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason. New York: W. W. Norton.

Harris, S. (2011). The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values. New York: Free Press.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama (2009). Becoming Enlightened. New York: Atria Paperbacks.

Hitchens, C. (2008). The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Non-Believer. Philadelphia: De Capo Press.

Huxley, A. (1970) [1945]. The Perennial Philosophy, Perennial Library. New York: Harper & Row.

Needleman, J. (2007a). Why Can’t We Be Good? New York: Penguin Group.

Rogers, M. (2011). Death row inmate who stabbed prisoner 67 times says he had inadequate counsel. Salt Lake Tribune, June 6. Retrieved from http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/news/51940093-78/kell-blackmon-prison-utah.html.csp.

Taylor, S. (2005). The Fall: The Insanity of the Ego in Human History and the Dawning of a New Era. Winchester, UK; New York: O Books.

Thich Nhat Hanh (1998). The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching: Transforming Suffering into Peace, Joy, and Liberation. New York: Broadway Books.

Tillich, P. (1964). Theology of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitehead, A. N. (1979). Process and Reality. New York: Free Press.

Chapter 5

Blake, W. (1988). The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake. D. V. Erdman (Ed.). Anchor Books, New York, NY. 53.

Bucke, E. M. (1901). Cosmic Consciousness: A Study in the Evolution of the Human Mind. London: Penguin Books.

Dennett, D. (2009, June 27). What’s a Deepity? Retrieved July 3, 2013 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKPhy03zNsU.

Eliot, G. (1994) [1871]. Middlemarch. Penguin Books, London, England.

Eves, H. W. (1977). Mathematical Circles Adieu and Return to Mathematical Circles (Mathematical Circles, Vol. 3). Washington, DC: Mathematical Association of America.

James, W. (1958) [1902]. The Varieties of Religious Experience. New York: Mentor Books; New American Library.

Krulwich, R. (2010, November 11). My grandson, the rock. National Public Radio. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2010/09/14/129858314/my-grandson-the-rock. (p.255)

Maslow, A. (1970). Religions, Values and Peak Experiences. London: Penguin Books.

Otto, R. (1958). The Idea of the Holy. London: Oxford University Press.

Schwartz, T. (1995) What Really Matters: Searching for Wisdom in America. New York: Bantam Press.

Traherne, T. (1992) Selected Poetry and Prose. London: Penguin Books.

Wilber, K. (2001). No Boundary: Eastern and Western Approaches to Personal Growth. Boulder, CO: Shambhala.

Wilber, K. (2001a). A Brief History of Everything. Boulder, CO: Shambhala.

Chapter 6

CNN (2011, April 12). CNN: Hebah Ahmed, MuslimMatters Blogger, Debates Mona Eltahawy over French Niqab (Burka) Ban. Retrieved August 7, 2013 from http://muslimmatters.org/2011/04/12/cnn-hebah-ahacprof-muslimmatters-blogger-debates-mona-eltahawy-over-french-niqab-burka-ban/.

Campbell, J. (1991). Power of Myth. New York: Anchor Books.

Erlanger, S. (2010, July 13). Parliament moves France closer to a ban on facial veils. New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2013 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/14/world/europe/14burqa.html.

Frost, R. (2012) [1915]. Mountain Interval. London: Forgotten Books.

Gerrig, R. J., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1989) Ways we can go wrong. [Table]. Psychology and Life, 12th ed. Glenview IL: Allyn & Bacon, 689.

Goddard, D. (1994). A Buddhist Bible. Boston: Beacon Press.

Hayes, S., Wilson, K. G., Gifford, E. V., & Follette, V. M. (1996) Experiential avoidance and behavioral disorders: A functional dimensional approach to diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 1152–1168.

Hayes, S. C., & Smith, S. (2005) Get Out of Your Mind and Into Your Life: The New Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

Hedges, C. (2009). Empire of Illusion: The End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle. New York: Nation Books.

Huxley, A. (1970) [1945]. The Perennial Philosophy, Perennial Library. New York: Harper & Row.

Jones, J. M. (2007). Among religious groups, Jewish Americans most strongly oppose war. Gallup News Service, Feb. 23. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/26677/among-religious-groups-jewish-americans-most-strongly-oppose-war.aspx.

Luoma, J. B., Hayes, S., & Walser R. D. (2007). Learning ACT: An Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Skills Manual for Therapists. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

Maslow, A. (1970). Religions, Values and Peak Experiences. London: Penguin Books.

Namasivayam, D. (2011, April 11). For life, liberty, and the burqa: Muslim women defy France’s ban on full-face veils. Herald Sun. Retrieved August 7, 2013 from http://www.sott.net/article/227091-For-life-liberty-and-the-burqa-Muslim-women-defy-Frances-ban-on-full-face-veils.

Newcomb, A. N. (2011, April 10). France to become first European country to ban burqa. ABC News. Retrieved August 7, 2013 from http://abcnews.go.com/International/burqa-ban-effect-france/story?id=13344555.

Smith, D. L. (2007). The Most Dangerous Animal: Human Nature and the Origins of War. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.

Thich Nhat Hanh, (2007). Buddha Mind, Buddha Body: Walking Toward Enlightenment. Berkeley, CA: Paralax Press.

Trouble in Trappes (2013, July 27). Violence erupts over the controversial burqa ban. The Economist. Retrieved August 7, 2013 from http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21582314-violence-erupts-over-controversial-burqa-ban-trouble-trappes.

Wilber, K. (1996). A Brief History of Everything. Boulder, CO: Shambhala Press.

Wilber, K. (1998). The Marriage of Sense and Soul. New York: Broadway Books.

Wilber, K. (2001). No Boundary: Eastern and Western Approaches to Personal Growth. Boulder, CO: Shambhala Press.

Chapter 7

Brach, T. (2003). Radical Acceptance: Embracing Your Life with the Heart of a Buddha. New York: Bantam Books.

Buber, M. (1913). Daniel: Dialogues on Realization. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Butler, A. C., Chapman, J. E., Forman, E. M., & Beck, A. T. (2006). The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 17–31.

Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Huxley, A. (1970) [1945]. The Perennial Philosophy, Perennial Library. New York: Harper & Row.

Jung, C. G. (1960) Synchronicity: An A causal Connecting Principle. Bollingen Press.

Katz, S. T. (1978). Mysticism and Philosophical Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Keck, L. R. (2000) Sacred Quest: The Evolution and Future of the Human Soul. West Chester, PA: Chrysalis Books.

Pinker, S. (2011). The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined. New York: Viking Adult.

Rogers, C. (1961). On Becoming a Person: A Therapist’s View of Psychotherapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Schuler, N. (1985). Trying to change as denial. California Association for Counseling and Development Journal, 6, 49–51.

Sting (1991). All this time. The Soul Cages [CD]. New York: A&M Records.

Taylor, S. (2005). The Fall: The Insanity of the Ego in Human History and the Dawning of a New Era. Winchester, UK; New York: O Books.

Thich Nhat Hanh, (1991) Peace Is Every Step. New York: Bantam. (p.256)

Tolle, E. (2004). Power of Now. Novato, CA: New World Library.

Tolle, E. (2008). A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose. New York: Plume Books.

Wilber, K. (2001). No Boundary: Eastern and Western Approaches to Personal Growth. Boulder, CO: Shambhala.

Chapter 8

American Psychiatric Association (2013). Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria from DSM-5. Washington, DC: Author.

American Psychological Association (2009). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed. Washington, DC: Author.

Becker, E. (1974). The Denial of Death. New York: The Free Press.

Carroll, L. (1987). A study of narcissism, affiliation, intimacy, and power motives among students in business administration. Psychological Reports, 61, 355–358.

Livesly, W. J., Jang, K. L., Jackson, D. N., & Vernon, P.A (1993). Genetic and environmental contributions to dimensions of personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1826–1831.

Mays, D. (Presenter) (2010). Personality disorders: Powerful techniques to overcome the frustrations and improve client outcomes [Tele-conference]. Eau Claire, WI: Pesi Productions.

Raskin, R., & Howard, T. (1988). A principle-components analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and further evidence of its construct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 54 (5), 890–902.

Stinson F. S., Dawson, D. A., Goldstein. R. B., Chou, S. P., Huang, B., Smith, S. M., Ruan, W. J., Pulay, A.J., Saha, T. D., Pickering, R. P., & Grant, B. F. (2008). Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV narcissistic personality disorder: Results from the wave 2 national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69 (7). 1033–1045.

Chapter 9

Adler, M. (2006). Behind the ever-expanding American dream house. National Public Radio. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5525283.

Albert, P. J. (2009). The Integral Leadership of Saints Francis and Clare of Assisi: A Historical/Interpretive Biography Study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA.

America’s Homes Get Bigger and Better. (2005). Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Moms/story?id=1445039.

Are Lottery Winners Really Less Happy? (2004). Associated Press. Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4971361/ns/health-health_care.

Are We Happy Yet? (2006). Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://pewresearch.org/pubs/301/are-we-happy-yet.

Bhagavad-Gita (2002). Signet Classics. New York: New American Library.

Brickman, P., Coates, D., & Janoff-Bulman, R. (1978). Lottery winners and accident victims: Is happiness relative? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 917–927. (p.257)

Brown, J. (1970). Super bad. On Super Bad [LP]. King Records.

Frankl, V. (1984). Man’s Search for Meaning. Boston: Beacon Press.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama (1986). The Fullness of Emptiness. In Leaning on the Moment: Interviews from Parabola. New York: Parabola Books, 231–249.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama (2009). Becoming Enlightened. New York: Atria Books.

Huxley, A. (1970) [1945]. The Perennial Philosophy, Perennial Library. New York: Harper & Row.

Needleman, J. (2007). Why Can’t We Be Good? New York: Penguin Group.

Needleman, J. (2007a). Why Can’t We Be Good? [Video file]. Retrieved from http://fora.tv/2007/04/24/Why_Can_t_We_Be_Good

Smith, H. (1991). The World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Sting (1985). If you love someone, set them free. Dream of the Blue Turtles [CD]. New York: A&M Records.

Thich Nhat Hanh. (1998). The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching: Transforming Suffering into Peace, Joy, and Liberation. New York: Broadway Books.

Tolle, E. (2003). Stillness Speaks. Novato, CA: New World Library.

Tolle, E. (2004). Power of Now. Novato, CA: New World Library.

Tolle, E. (2008). A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose. New York: Plume Books.

Tolle, E. (2009). Guardians of Being. Novato, CA: New World Library.

Vital Statistics of the Self-Storage Industry. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.selfstorageblog.com/vital-statistics-of-the-self-storage-industry/

Wilber, K. (2001). No Boundary: Eastern and Western Approaches To Personal Growth. Boulder, CO: Shambhala.

Wittgenstein, L. (2001) [1921]. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. New York: Routledge.

Chapter 10

Bernstein, W. (2010). The Birth of Plenty: How the Prosperity of the Modern World Was Created. New York: McGraw Hill.

Borg, M. J. (2004). The Heart of Christianity: Rediscovering a Life of Faith. San Francisco: Harper.

Brown, J. (1989). Gandhi: Prisoner of Hope. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Carse, J. P. (2008). The Religious Case Against Belief. London: Penguin Press.

Cusa, N. (1990). De Docta Ignorantia, (Jasper Hopkins, trans.). Minneapolis: A. J. Banning Press.

Darley, J. M., & Batson, C. D. (1973). From Jerusalem to Jericho: A study of situational and dispositional variables in helping behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27 (1), 100–108.

Easwaran, E. (1978). Gandhi the Man. Petaluma, CA: Nilgiri Press.

Ferguson, N. (2010). Man charged with assault against census worker. NewsChannel5.com, Nashville, TN. Retrieved from http://www.newschannel5.com/story/12664886/man-charged-with-assault-against-census-worker?redirected=true.

Fowler, J. W. (1984) Becoming Adult, Becoming Christian. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Frankl, V. (1984). Man’s Search for Meaning. Boston: Beacon Press.

Fromm, E. (1976). To Have or To Be? New York: Harper & Row.

Gandhi, M. (1962). Last Glimpses of Bapu. Delhi: Shiva Lal Agarwala.

Huxley, A. (1970) [1945]. The Perennial Philosophy, Perennial Library. New York: Harper & Row. (p.258)

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