This chapter deals with the theory of ordinary proper names, defined as the names of actual people, animals, places, and things. It specifically refers to the theory of direct reference as the most prevalent naming approach, as well as Kripke's criticisms of both the definite description and cluster theory of names as stated in his book Naming and Necessity. Furthermore, it states that a large number of ordinary proper names possess fixed categories- certain properties that must be present within the bearer of the name otherwise the name would no long be appropriate to it. In addition, the category of an ordinary name is decided by how it is applied within the community and not just by the name-giver, and this idea is referred to as the social determination.
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