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A Question of GenocideArmenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire$
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Ronald Grigor Suny, Fatma Müge Göçek, and Norman M. Naimark

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.001.0001

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Non-Muslims in the Ottoman Army and the Ottoman Defeat in the Balkan War of 1912–1913

Non-Muslims in the Ottoman Army and the Ottoman Defeat in the Balkan War of 1912–1913

Chapter:
(p.113) 5 Non-Muslims in the Ottoman Army and the Ottoman Defeat in the Balkan War of 1912–1913
Source:
A Question of Genocide
Author(s):

Fikret Adanır

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.003.0006

This chapter first analyzes the conditions under which Armenians as non-Muslims came to serve in the Ottoman army. It then offers a description of how the non-Muslim recruits in the army were blamed for having caused the Ottoman defeat in the Balkan War of 1912–13. Finally, it shows how the outcome of that war created an ideological climate that proved conducive to ethnic homogenization policies in Asia Minor that foreshadowed the course of the events leading to mass persecution and massacre of Armenians in 1915 and thereafter.

Keywords:   Armenian genocide, Ottoman army, non-Muslims, Balkan War, ethnic homogenization, massacre

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