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The Global History of PaleopathologyPioneers and Prospects$
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Jane Buikstra and Charlotte Roberts

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195389807

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.001.0001

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The First Dental Pathologists and Paleopathologists

The First Dental Pathologists and Paleopathologists

(p.619) 64 The First Dental Pathologists and Paleopathologists
The Global History of Paleopathology

Simon Hillson

Jerome C. Rose

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the history of dental pathology, which has followed a somewhat different path compared with the rest of paleopathology. In part, this has developed because clinical pathologists have traditionally focused upon bodily regions other than teeth. By contrast, dentistry's original practitioners were barbers who performed a variety of services from hair cutting and shaving to pulling teeth and bloodletting. The discussion focuses on the most commonly recorded conditions in studies of ancient dental health—dental caries, tooth wear, and enamel hypoplasia—from the beginnings of study until the establishment of bioarchaeology and its associated dental studies in the 1980s and 1990s.

Keywords:   paleopathology, dental pathology, dental caries, tooth wear, enamel hypoplasia, dental health, bioarchaeology

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