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Once and Future Giants
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Once and Future Giants: What Ice Age Extinctions Tell Us About the Fate of Earth's Largest Animals

Sharon Levy


Until about 13,000 years ago, Europe and North America were home to a menagerie of massive mammals. Mammoths, camels, and lions walked the ground that has become our cities and streets. Then, just as the first humans reached the Americas, these Ice Age giants vanished forever. In this book the author digs through the evidence surrounding Pleistocene large animal (“megafauna”) extinction events worldwide, showing that understanding this history—and our part in it—is crucial for protecting the elephants, polar bears, and other great creatures at risk today. These surviving relatives of the Ice A ... More

Keywords: Ice Age, large animal extinction, megafauna extinction, Pleistocene giants, prairie ecosystems, conservation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780195370126
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370126.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Sharon Levy, author