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Closing the Opportunity GapWhat America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance$
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Prudence L. Carter and Kevin G. Welner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199982981

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.001.0001

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Tracking, Segregation, and the Opportunity Gap

Tracking, Segregation, and the Opportunity Gap

What We Know and Why It Matters

Chapter:
(p.169) 12 Tracking, Segregation, and the Opportunity Gap
Source:
Closing the Opportunity Gap
Author(s):

Karolyn Tyson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.003.0012

Students arrive at schools with a variety of different skills and experiences, but as Karolyn Tyson explains, schools can respond to those differences in ways that either build on strengths and ensure opportunities to learn or thatstratify expectations and opportunities. She describes how capable students of color in racially diverse schools are severely underrepresented in advanced classes, contributing substantially to the opportunity gap. Such tracking practices have repeatedly been shown to be detrimental, yet they persist in most American secondary schools.Creating conditions within schools to afford more students, and not just a select group, opportunities to learn advanced curricular materials will go a long way toward nurturing a sense of fairness among students and preparing a broader group of young people for a diverse array of opportunities in the labor market.

Keywords:   Tracking, segregation, ability grouping, racial identity, racially diverse schools, inequality

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