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Disability and Equity at Work$
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Jody Heymann, Michael Ashley Stein, and Gonzalo Moreno

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199981212

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.001.0001

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Restructuring Disability Policy and Improving Employment Outcomes in the United States

Restructuring Disability Policy and Improving Employment Outcomes in the United States

(p.329) Chapter 13 Restructuring Disability Policy and Improving Employment Outcomes in the United States
Disability and Equity at Work

David C. Stapleton

David R. Mann

Oxford University Press

Since the mid-1980s, the employment and household income of working-age people with disabilities in the United States have steadily declined, while their reliance on public income and health support has grown much faster than can be explained by demographic and workforce participation factors alone. The central challenge for policymakers is to enact reforms that will empower people with disabilities to realize their full productivity, preserve basic supports for those who need them, and slow growth in public expenditures for their support during a time of fiscal austerity. This chapter describes the very limited progress toward meeting these reform objectives, considers why past policy initiatives have not been more successful, and presents a road map for greater success in the future.

Keywords:   Affordable Care Act, Americans with Disabilities Act, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Medicaid, Medicare, Rehabilitation Act, Social Security Disability Insurance, Supplemental Security Income, Ticket to Work, Workforce Investment Act

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