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Counting Civilian Casualties
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Counting Civilian Casualties: An Introduction to Recording and Estimating Nonmilitary Deaths in Conflict

Taylor B. Seybolt, Jay D. Aronson, and Baruch Fischhoff

Abstract

Over the past century and a half, civilians in war have gone from having no particular rights to having legal protections that begin to rival those accorded to states. Counting Civilian Casualties explores the range of methods of casualty recording and estimation, including direct recording, statistical sampling and estimation, and creating records of individual civilian deaths. The contributors discuss each method’s advantages and disadvantages, relate them to conflict and peacebuilding, and analyze how their results can be used (and misused) by governments, combatants, human rights advocates ... More

Keywords: civilian, casualties, methodology, recording, estimation, war, peacebuilding, violence, Iraq, Cambodia, Bosnia, Timor, Peru, Kosovo, Burundi, Sierra Leone

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780199977307
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977307.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Taylor B. Seybolt, editor
University of Pittsburgh

Jay D. Aronson, editor
Carnegie Mellon University

Baruch Fischhoff, editor
Carnegie Mellon University

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Contents

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I Who Counts?

1 Introduction

Taylor B. Seybolt, Jay D. Aronson, and Baruch Fischhoff

2 Significant Numbers

Taylor B. Seybolt

II Recording Violence

4 Iraqi Body Count

John Sloboda, Hamit Dardagan, Michael Spagat, and Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks

5 A Matter of Convenience

Todd Landman and Anita Gohdes

III Estimating Violence

IV Estimating Violence

9 Multiple Systems Estimation Techniques for Estimating Casualties in Armed Conflicts

Daniel Manrique-Vallier, Megan E. Price, and Anita Gohdes

V Estimating Violence

10 MSE and Casualty Counts

Nicholas P. Jewell, Michael Spagat, and Britta L. Jewell

VI The Complexity of Casualty Numbers

12 It Doesn’t Add Up

Jule Krüger, Patrick Ball, Megan E. Price, and Amelia Hoover Green

VII Conclusion

14 Moving toward More Accurate Casualty Counts

Jay D. Aronson, Baruch Fischhoff, and Taylor B. Seybolt

End Matter