(p.243) Bibliographical Notes and Select Bibliography
(p.243) Bibliographical Notes and Select Bibliography
Texts on Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. can be classified into three segments: in the first segment, the focus is on tracts written by Gandhi and King. These published texts provide very useful inputs for the work. The second segment contains published collected works, which are very exhaustive. In the case of Gandhi, most of his written texts have already been incorporated into the collected works that have been published by the Government of India and are also available online. King’s collected works are not complete yet; nonetheless, six volumes of King texts published so far are very pertinent to any scholarly work on King. The literature in the final segment includes the scholarly works on the sociopolitical ideas of Gandhi and King. Since this book is also a contextual study of the history of ideas, the books, articles, and other relevant written tracts focusing on the contexts have also been included in this segment. Judith Brown’s Gandhi’s Rise to Power: Indian Politics, 1915–1922 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972) and Gandhi and Civil Disobedience: The Mahatma in Indian Politics, 1928–1934 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008) provide a very useful contextual study of the rise of Gandhi as an unquestionable leader of India’s freedom struggle. In the same fashion, two books on the American civil rights movement deserve mention. These are David J. Garrow, Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Christian Leadership Conference (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1986) and Taylor Branch, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954–1963 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988).
Both Gandhi and King left an enormous number of written texts for posterity. One can thus easily identify specific sociopolitical ideas that are integral to their views. Gandhi wrote a partial autobiography (My Experiments with Truth), a political treatise (Hind Swaraj), a movement book (Satyagraha in South Africa), a few pamphlets, a very large number of articles in the two weeklies that he edited, namely, Indian Opinion (South Africa) and Young India (India), and an even larger number of letters to viceroys, fellow politicians, and disciples. Besides these, he delivered speeches at conferences, congresses, and at his regular prayer meetings. King also left a large body of writings for posterity. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr., (New York: IPM in association with Warner Books, (p.244) 1998), edited by Clayborne Carson, is a balanced account of King’s life that provides useful insights into the period and also describes the evolution of King’s sociopolitical ideas. Other than this autobiography, King published six books. These included two collection of sermons, The Measure of a Man (1959) and Strength to Love (1963); a collection of radio addresses entitled The Trumpet of Conscience (1968); and three books that are “movement books.” The first movement book, Stride toward Freedom (1958), is a philosophical account of the Montgomery bus boycott, including a general outline and defense of the method of direct nonviolent protest. The second movement book, Why We Can’t Wait (1964), is a philosophical account of the 1963 Birmingham campaign for jobs and freedom. This text includes the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” in which King offers a philosophical defence of nonviolence, addressed to the moderate white clergy. The last movement book was published in 1967 in anticipation of a national campaign against poverty. Entitled Where Do We Go from Here? Chaos of Community (1968), this posthumous publication is a complex interweaving of ideas and thoughts that evolved during the course of King’s struggle for equality and justice.
Besides their own writings, the other significant sources happen to be the compilation of their texts in the form of collected works. Available online, The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (New Delhi: Publication Division, Government of India, (1958–1998)), are an important source of the Gandhian texts that I have used extensively in my work. Besides this official publication, Navjivan Publishing House published a six-volume set called Mahatma Gandhi: Selected Works in the centenary year of Gandhi’s birthday. Similarly, six volumes edited by Clayborne Carson, The Papers of Martin Luther King Jr. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992–2007), contain a minefield of information that is very useful in comprehending the complex nuances of the sociopolitical ideas of Martin Luther King Jr. with reference to the volatile American socioeconomic contexts.
Acton, H. B., ed., Utilitarianism, Liberty and Representative Government by J. S. Mill. London: J. B. Dent, 1972.
Alavi, Hamza. “Misreading Partition Road Signs.” Economic and Political Weekly, November 2–9, 2002, 4515–23.
——. “Social Forces and Ideology in the Making of Pakistan.” Economic and Political Weekly, October 21, 2002, 4313–20.
Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: The New Press, 2010.
Ali Chaudhuri, Muhammad. The Emergence of Pakistan. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.
Ambedkar, B. R., “Thoughts on Pakistan.” In Inventing Boundaries: gender, politics and partition of India, edited by Mushirul Hasan. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000.
——. What Congress and Gandhi Have Done to the Untouchables. Bombay: Thacker & Co., 1946.
(p.245) Amin, Shahid. Event, Metaphor, Memory: Chauri Chaura, 1922–92. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995.
——. “Gandhi as Mahatma: Gorakhpur District, Eastern UP, 1921–22.” Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian Studies, edited by Ranajit Guha, vol. 3. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Ananthanathan, A. K., “The Significance of Gandhi’s Interpretation of Gita.” Gandhi Marg 13, no. 3 (October 1991).
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso, 1983.
Anderson, Jervis. Bayard Rustin: Troubles I Have Seen: A Biography, New York: Harper Collins, 1997.
Andrews, C. F. Mahatma Gandhi’s Ideas. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1930.
Ansbro, John J., Martin Luther King Jr.: The Making of a Mind. New York: Orbis Books, 1983.
Appiah, Kwame Anthony, Seyla Benhabib, Iris Marion Young, and Nancy Fraser, Justice, Governance, Cosmopolitanism and the Politics of Difference: Reconfigurations in a Transnational World. Berlin: Humboldt University, 2004/2005.
Asim, Jabari, The N word: Who Can Say It, Who Shouldn’t, And Why. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2007.
Bagchi, Amiya. Private Investment in India, 1900–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.
Bakshi, Rajni, Bapu Kuti: Journeys in Rediscovery of Gandhi. New Delhi: Penguin, 1998.
Baldwin, Lewis V. “American Political Traditions and the Christian faith: King’s Thought and Praxis.” In The Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Boundaries of Law, Politics and Religion, edited by Lewis V. Burrow Baldwin Rufus Jr., Barbara A Holmes, and Susan Holmes Winfield. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2002.
Bandyopadhyaya, Jayantuja. Social and Political Thought of Gandhi. Bombay: Allied Publishers, 1969.
Bandyopadhyay, Sekhar. From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India. New Delhi: Orient Longman, 2004.
Bayly, C. A. Recovering Liberties: Indian Thought in the Age of Liberalism and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Bhalla, Alok, ed. Stories about the Partition of India. New Delhi: Penguin, 1994.
Bhattacharyya, Buddhadeva. Evolution of the Political Philosophy of Gandhi. Calcutta: Calcutta Book House, 1969.
Bhattacharya, Sabyasachi, ed. and comp. The Mahatma and the Poet: Letters and Debates between Gandhi and Tagore, 1915-1941. New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1997.
——. Vande Mataram: The Biography of a Song. New Delhi: Penguin, 2003.
Bilgrami, Akeel. “Gandhi, the Philosopher.” Economic and Political Weekly, September 23, 2003, 4159–65.
Birla, G. D. In the Shadow of the Mahatma: A Personal Memoir, Calcutta: Orient Longman, 1964.
Bloom, Harold. W. E. B. Du Bois. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2001.
Bondurant Joan V. Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1958.
(p.246) Bose, Nirmal Kumar. My Days with Gandhi. Calcutta: Orient Longman, 1974.
——. Studies in Gandhism. Calcutta: India Associated Publishing Co., 1962.
Bose, Subhas Chandra. The Indian Struggle, 1920–42. London: Asia Publishing House, 1964.
Bose, Sugata. “Nation, Reason and Religion: India’s Independence in International Perspective.” Economic and Political Weekly, August 1, 1998.
Bose, Sugata, and Ayesha Jalal. Modern South Asia, History, Culture, Political Economy. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Bosmajian, Haig, “The Letter from Birmingham Jail.” In Martin Luther King Jr.: A Profile, edited by C. Eric Lincoln. New York: Hill and Wang, 1970.
Branch, Taylor, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-1963, New York: Simon & Schuster 1988.
Brinkley, Douglas, Rosa Parks: A Life, New York: Penguin, 2000.
Brown, Judith M. Gandhi and Civil Disobedience: The Mahatma in Indian Politics, 1928-1934. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
——. Gandhi: Prisoner of Hope. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1990.
——. Gandhi’s Rise to Power: Indian Politics, 1915-1922. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.
——. “The Mahatma and Modern India.” Modern Asian Studies 3, no. 4 (1969).
——. “The Making of a Critical Outsider.” In Gandhi and South Africa, edited by Judith Brown and Martin Prozesky. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 1996.
——. Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1985.
——. Nehru: Political Life. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Brown, Judith M., and Anthony Parel. The Cambridge Companion to Gandhi, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Bynum, Cornelius L., A. Philip Randolph and the Struggle for Civil Rights. Urbana: University of Illinois Press,2010.
Carpenter, Edward. Civilization: Its Cause and Cure and Other Essays. London: Swan Sonneschein & Co., 1889.
Carson, Clayborne. “Between Contending Forces: Martin Luther King Jr.and the African-American Freedom Struggle.” O[rganization] of A[merican] H[istorians] Magazine of History 19, no. 1 (January 2005).
——. “Civil Rights Reform and the Black Freedom Struggle.” In The Civil Rights Movement in America, edited by Charles W. Eagles. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986.
——. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.
——. “Martin Luther King Jr. and the African-American Social Gospel.” In African-American Christianity, edited by Paul E. Johnson. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
——. “Martin Luther King Jr.: Charismatic Leadership in a Mass Struggle.” Journal of American History 74 (September 1987).
——. “Paradoxes of King Historiography.” O[rganization] A[merican] H[istorians] Magazine of History 19, no. 1 (January 2005).
——, ed. The Papers of Martin Luther King Jr. 6 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992–2007.
(p.247) Cell, John W. “Race Relations.” In Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, edited by Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferries. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
Chakrabarty, Bidyut. Biplabi: A Journal of the 1942 Open Rebellion. Calcutta: K. P. Bagchi, 2002.
——. Local Politics and Indian Nationalism: Midnapur, 1919-1944. Delhi: Manohar, 1997.
——. The Partition of Bengal and Assam, 1932–47: Contour of Freedom. London and New York: Routledge Curzon, 2004.
——. “Peasants and the Bengal Congress, 1928–38,” South Asia Research 5, no. 1 (May 1985).
——. “Religion, Colonialism and Modernity: Relocating ‘Self’ and ‘Collectivity.’” Gandhi Marg 23, no. 3 (2002).
——. Subhas Chandra Bose and Middle Class Radicalism: A Study in Indian Nationalism, 1928–40. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1990.
——, ed. Communal Identity in India: Its Construction and Articulation in the Twentieth Century. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Chakrabarty, Dipesh. “Nation and Imagination.” Studies in History 15, no. 2, New Series 1999.
Chappell, David L. Inside Agitators: White Southerners in the Civil Rights Movement. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
——. A Stone of Hope: Prophetic Religion and the Death of Jim Crow. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press.
Chatterjee, Margaret. Gandhi’s Religious Thought. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983.
Chatterjee, Partha. “Gandhi and the Critique of Civil Society.” In Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian Studies, edited by Ranajit Guha. Vol. 3. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1984.
——. “Gandhi Please Stand Up?” Illustrated Weekly of India, January 15–21, 1984.
——. The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Post-Colonial Histories. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994.
——. “The Nation in Heterogeneous Time.” Indian Economic and Social History Review 38, no. 4 (2001).
——.Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986.
——. The Politics of the Governed: Reflections on Popular Politics in Most of the World. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2004.
——.A Princely Impostor? The Kumar of Bhawal and the Secret History of Indian Nationalism. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2002.
Chaudhuri, Nirad C. The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968.
——. Thy Hand Great Anarch: India, 1921–52. London: Chatto and Windus, 1987.
Chernus, Ira. American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea. New York: Orbis Books, 2004.
Choudhury, Khaliquzzaman. Pathway to Pakistan. Lahore: Longmans, 1961.
Cohn, B., Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
(p.248) Cone, James H., “The Theology of Martin Luther King Jr.” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 40, no. 4 (1986).
Copley, Anthony Gandhi against the Tide. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993.
D’Emilio, John. Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin. New York: Free Press, 2003.
Dalton, Dennis. Non-Violence in Action: Gandhi’s Power. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Darling, Malcolm Lyall. At Freedom’s Dawn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1949.
Das, Durga, ed. Vallabhbhai Patel Correspondence, 1945–50. Vol. 4. New Delhi: Konark Publishers, 1990.
Dasgupta, Ajit K. Gandhi’s Economic Thought. London and New York: Routledge, 1996.
Datta, V. N. “Iqbal, Jinnah and India’s Partition.” Economic and Political Weekly, December, 14–20, 2002.
Doke, Joseph J. MK Gandhi: An Indian Patriot in South Africa. London: Indian Chronicle, 1909. Republished by the Ministry of Information, Government of India, New Delhi, 1967.
Dowdy, Russell Eugene. “Nonviolence Vs. Nonexistence: The Vietnam War and Martin Luther King Jr.” MA thesis, Department of History, North Carolina State University, 1983.
DuBois, W. E. B. “The African Roots of War” (1915). Reproduced in W.E.B. DuBois: A Reader, edited by Meyer Weinberg. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.
——. An Autobiography: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century. Edited by Herbert Apthekar. New York: International Publishers, 1968.
——. The Souls of Black Folk. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008 (reprint).
——. “The Wide, Wide World.” New York Amsterdam News, October 28, 1931.
Dutt, R. Palme. India Today. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1940.
Erickson E. Gandhi’s Truth: On the Origins of Militant Non-Violence. New York: Faber & Faber, 1970.
Fairclough, Adam, “Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Quest for Nonviolent Social Change.” Phylon, the Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture 47, no. 1 (Spring 1986).
Farmer, James. Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of The Civil Rights Movement. New York: New American Library, 1985.
Ferguson, Niall. Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power. New York: Basic Books, 2002.
Fisher, Louis. Gandhi: His Life and Message for the World. New York: New American Library, 1982
——.The Life of Mahatma Gandhi. New York: Harper and Row, 1981.
Foner, Philip S., ed. W.E.B. Du Bois Speaks: Speeches and Addresses, 1890–1919. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1970.
Fox, Richard. Gandhian Utopia: Experiments with Culture. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1989.
Frederickson, George M., Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Freitag, Sandria B., Collective Action and Community: Public Arenas and the Emergence of Communalism in North India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1990.
(p.249) Friedman, Robert. “Institutional Racism: How to Discriminate without Really Trying.” In Racial Discrimination in the United States, ed. Thomas F. Pettigrew. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
Gallen, David, ed., Malcolm X As They Knew Him. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1992.
Gallen, David, and Peter Skutches, eds., Malcolm X As They Knew Him. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1999.
Garrow David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1986.
——. “The Intellectual Development of Martin Luther King Jr: Influences and Commentaries.” Union Seminary Quarterly R eview, 40, no.1 (1986).
——, ed. Martin Luther King Jr.: Civil Rights Leader, Theologian, Orator. New York: Carlson Publishing Inc., 1989.
Gier, Nicholas. “Gandhi, Ahimsa and Self.” Gandhi Marg 15, no. 1 (1993).
——. “Gandhi, Pre-Modern, Modern or Post-Modern?” Gandhi Marg 18, no. 3 (1996).
Godrej, Farah, Cosmopolitan Political Thought: Method, Practice, Discipline. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Gopal S. Jawaharlal Nehru. 3 vols. London: Jonathan Cape, 1973–84.
Gordon, Leonard A. “Mahatma Gandhi’s Dialogues with Americans.” Economic and Political Weekly, January 26, 2002.
Gore, M. S. The Social Context of an Ideology: Ambedkar’s Political and Social Thought. New Delhi: Sage,1993.
Gregg, Richard B., The Power of Non-Violence. London: J. B. Lippincott, 1934.
Griffiths, Percival, To Guard My People: The History of the Indian Police. London: Ernest Benn, 1971.
Guha, Ranajit. Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Guru, Gopal, ed. Humiliation: Claims and Content. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Haksar, Vinit. Rights, Communities and Disobedience: Liberalism and Gandhi. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Hanigan, James. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Foundations of Nonviolence. Boston, MA: University ofAmerica Press, 1984.
Haque, Azizul. A Plea for a Separate Electorate in Bengal. Calcutta, 1931.
Hardiman, David. Gandhi in His Times and Ours. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2003.
——. Peasant Nationalists of Gujrat: Kheda district, 1917–34. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1981.
Hardy P. The Muslims of British India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.
Harlan, Louis R., ed. The Booker T. Washington Papers. Vol. 1. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972.
Hasan, Mushirul. Legacy of a Divided Nation: India’s Muslims since Independence. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997.
——, ed. India Partitioned: The Other Face of Freedom. Vol. 1. New Delhi: Roli Books, 1995.
——. Inventing Boundaries: Gender, Politics and the Partition of India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Hashim, Abul. In Retrospection. Dhaka: Mowla Brothers, 1974.
(p.250) Henningham, S. “The Social Setting of the Champaran Satyagraha: The Challenge of an Alien Rule.” Indian Economic and Social History Review, 13, no. 1 (1976).
Herman, A. L. Community, Violence and Peace. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.
Himmelfarb, Gertrude. The Roads to Modernity: The British, French and American Enlightenments. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004. Reprint.
Hodosn, H. V. The Great Divide: Britain—India—Pakistan. London: Hutchinson, 1969.
Horsburgh, H. J. N., Non-Violence and Aggression: A Study of Gandhi’s Moral Equivalent of War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.
Iyer, Raghavan. The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1973.
——, ed., The Moral and Political Writings of Mahatma Gandhi. Oxford: Clarendon Press, Vols. 1 & 2, 1986 and Vol. 3, 1987.
Jha, Sadan. “Charkha, ‘Dear Forgotten Friend,’ Of Widows: Reading the Erasures of Symbols,” Economic and Political Weekly, July 10, 2004, 3113–20.
Jinnah, Muhammad Ali. Speeches Karachi: Pakistan Publications, 1963.
Juergensmeyer, Mark. Fighting with Gandhi. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1984.
——. Gandhi’s Way: A Handbook of Conflict Resolution. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Kamath, M. V., and V. B. Kher. The Story of Militant but Non-Violent Trade Unionism: A Biographical and Historical Study. Ahmedabad: Navjivan Trust, 1993. Reprint.
Kapur, Sudarshan. Raising Up a Prophet: The African-American Encounter with Gandhi. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1992.
Karenga, Maulana. “Du Bois and the Question of the Color Line: Race and Class in the Age of Globalization.” Journal of Socialism and Democracy (online) 57, no. 25 (3) (2012).
Karunakaran, K. P. New Perspectives on Gandhi. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, 1969.
Kennedy, Randall. Nigger: The Strange Career of a Troublesome Word. New York: Vintage Books, 2003.
Khilnani, Sunil. “Gandhi and History.” Seminar, no. 461 (annual) (January 1998).
King, Coretta Scott. My Life with Martin Luther King Jr. Chicago, IL: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1969.
King, Mary. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.: The Power of Non-Violent Action. Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1999.
Koditschek, Theodore. Liberalism, Imperialism and Historical Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Kosek, Joseph Kip. “Reichard Gregg, Mohandas Gandhi and the Strategy of Non-Violence.” The Journal of American History 91, no. 1 (March 2005).
——. Acts of Conscience: Christian Nonviolence and Modern American Democracy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.
Kripalani, Krishna. Gandhi: A Life. New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1968.
Kripalani, Sucheta. An Unfinished Biography. Ahmedabad: Navjivan Publishing House, 1978.
Kumar, R., Essays on Gandhian Politics: The Rowlatt Satyagraha of 1919. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.
Lal, Vinay. “Gandhi’s West, the West’s Gandhi.” New Literary History 40, no.2 (2009).
(p.251) Lewis, Catherine M., and J. Richard Lewis, eds. Jim Crow America: A Documentary History. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2009.
Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/Postcolonialism. London: Routledge, 1998.
Mahajan, Sucheta. Independence and Partition: The Erosion of Colonial Power. New Delhi: Sage, 2000.
Manor, J. ed. Nehrus to the Nineties: The Changing Office of Prime Minister in India. London: Hurst, 1994.
Mansergh, Diana, ed. Independence Years: The Selected Indian and Commonwealth Papers of Nicholas Mansergh. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Mantena, Karuna. “Another Realism: The Politics of Gandhian Non-Violence.” American Political Science Review 16, no. 2 (May 2012).
Marable, William Manning. The Great Wells of Democracy: The Meaning of Race in American Life. New York: Basic Ovitas Books, 2002.
——. Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention. New York: Penguin Books, 2011.
Markovits, Claude. The Un-Gandhian Gandhi: The Life and Afterlife of the Mahatma. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2003.
Mays, Benjamin E. The Negro’s God. Boston, MA: Chapman and Grimes, 1938.
McAdam, Doug. “The US Civil Rights Movement: Power from Below and Above, 1945–70.” In Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-Violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, edited by Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
McNight, Gerald. The Last Crusade: Martin Luther King Jr., the FBI, and the Poor People’s Campaign. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998.
Mehta, V. R. Foundations of Indian Political Thought. New Delhi: Manohar Books, 1992.
Mehta, V. R., and Thomas Pantham Political Ideas in Modern India. Vol. 10, no. 7). New Delhi: Sage, 2006.
Menon, Dilip. “Religion and Colonial Modernity: Rethinking Belief and Identity.” Economic and Political Weekly, April 27, 2002.
Menon, V. P. The Transfer of Power in India. Madras: Orient Longman, 1993. Reprint. Appendix 10.
Mitra, Ashok. The New India, 1948–1955: Memoirs of an Indian Civil Servant. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1991.
Mondal, Anshuman, “Gandhi, Utopianism and the Construction of Colonial Difference.” Interventions 3, no. 3 (2001).
Moon, Penderel, ed. Wavell: the Viceroy’s Journal. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Moon, Penderel. The British Conquest of Dominion of India. London: Duckworth, 1989.
Moore, Barrington Jr. Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1966.
Morris-Jones, W. H. “Mahatma Gandhi: Political Philosopher.” Political Studies 8, no.1 (February 1960).
Mukherjee, Hiren. Gandhi: A Study. New Delhi: People’s Publishing House, 1991. Reprint.
Mukherjee, Rudrangshu , ed. Leaves from a Diary: Shyama Prasad Mookherjee. Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1993.
——. The Penguin Gandhi Reader. New Delhi: Penguin, 1993.
(p.252) Mukherjee, Subrata. Gandhian Thought: A Marxist Interpretation. New Delhi: Deep & Deep, 1997.
Mukherjee, Subrata, and Sushila Ramaswamy, eds. Economic and Social Principles of Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi: Deep & Deep, 1998.
———. Ethics, Religion and Culture. New Delhi: Deep & Deep, 1998.
———. Non Violence and Satyagraha. New Delhi: Deep & Deep,1998.
———. Political Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi: Deep & Deep, 1998.
Mullane, Deirdre, ed. Crossing the Danger Water: Three Hundred Years of African-American Writing. New York: Anchor Books, 1993.
Muste, A. J. Non-Violence in an Aggressive World. New York: Harper, 1972. Reprint.
Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. New York: Harper & Row Publishers,1962. Reprint.
Namboodiripad, E. M. S. The Mahatma and the Ism. New Delhi: People’s Publishing House, 1959.
Nanda, B. R. Gandhi and His Critics. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1985.
——. The Illegitimacy of Nationalism: Rabindranath Tagore and the Politics of Self. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994.
——. In Search of Gandhi: Essays and Reflections. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002.
——. Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996. Reprint.
——. Mahatma Gandhi: 125 Years. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 1995.
——. The Nehrus: Motilal and Jawaharlal. London: George & Allen, 1962.Nandy, Ashis. The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Narayan, R. K. Waiting for the Mahatma. Chennai: Indian Thought Publications, 2003. Reprint.
Nash, Andrew. “Gandhi in South Africa: An Interpretation.” Paper presented at a seminar of the Department of History, University of Kwa-Zulu-Natal, August 11, 2004.
Nayar, Sushila. Mahatma Gandhi’s Last Imprisonment: The Inside Story. New Delhi: Har-Anand, 1996.
Nehru, Jawaharlal. The Discovery of India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1985. Centenary Edition.
——. Jawaharlal Nehru: An Autobiography. London: John Lane, The Bodley Head, 1941.
Niebuhr, Reinhold. Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1932.
——. “The Preservation of Moral Values in Politics.” Non-Violence in America: A Documentary History, edited by Staughton Lynd. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1966.
Nojeim, Michael J. Gandhi and King: The Power of Non-Violent Resistance. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004.
Oates, Stephen B. Let the Trumpet Sound: The Life of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.
Orwell, George. “Reflections on Gandhi.” Partisan Review, January 16, 1949.
Packard, Jerrold M. American Nightmare: The History of Jim Crow. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2002.
Pandey, Gyan. A History of Prejudice: Caste and Difference in India and the USA. Mimeograph, 2012.
(p.253) Pandey, Gyanendra. Hindus and Others: The Question of Identity in India Today. New Delhi: Viking, 1997.
——. “The Prose of Otherness.” In Subaltern Studies, edited by Ranajit Guha. Vol. 8. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994.
——.Remembering Partition: Violence, Nationalism and History in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Pantham, Thomas. “Habermas’ Practical Discourse and Gandhi’s Satyagraha.” In Political Discourse: Explorations in India and Western Political Thought, edited by Bhikhu Parekh and Thomas Pantham. New Delhi: Sage, 1987.
——. “Gandhi: Swaraj, Sarvadaya and Satyagraha.” In Political Theories and Social Reconstruction: A Critical Survey of the Literature on India. New Delhi: Sage, 1995.
——. “Thinking with Mahatma Gandhi: Beyond Liberal Democracy.” Political Theory 11, no. 2 (1983).
Pantham, Thomas, and Kenneth L. Deutsch, Political Thought in Modern India. New Delhi: Sage, 1986.
Parekh, Bhikhu. Colonialism, Tradition and Reform: An Analysis of Gandhi’s Political Discourse. New Delhi: Sage, 1999.
——. Gandhi. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
——. Gandhi’s Political Philosophy. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1989.
——. “Logic of Humiliation.” In Humiliation: Claims and Content, edited by Gopal Guru. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2009.
——. “Nehru and the National Philosophy of India.” Economic and Political Weekly, January 5, 1991, 35–48.
Parel, Anthony. J. Gandhi’s philosophy and the quest for harmony. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
——, ed. Gandhi, Freedom and Self Rule. New Delhi: Vistaar, 2000.
——, ed. Hind Swaraj and Other Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Pettigrew, Thomas, ed. Racial Discrimination in the United States. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
Pfeffer, Paula F. A. Philip Randolph: Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement. Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.
Pirzada, S. S., ed. Foundations of Pakistan: All India Muslim League documents. Vol. II. Karachi: National Publishing House, n.d.
Pouchepadas, Jacques, Champaran and Gandhi: Planters, Peasants and Gandhian Politics. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Prasad, Bimal. Pathway to India’s Partition: The Foundations of Muslim Nationalism. Vol. I. New Delhi: Manohar Books, 1996.
——. Pathway to India’s Partition: A Nation within a Nation, 1877–1937. Vol. II. New Delhi: Manohar Books, 2000.
Puri, Reshmi-Sudha. Gandhi on War and Peace. New York: Praeger, 1987.
Pyarelal. Mahatma Gandhi, The Early Phase. 2 vols. Ahmedabad: Navjivan Publishing House, 1956 and 1958.
Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli, ed. Mahatma Gandhi: Essays and Reflections. Mumbai: Jaico Books, 2003. Reprint.
Raines, Howell, ed. My Soul Is Rested: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement in the Deep South. New York: Penguin, 1977.
(p.254) Randolph, A. Philip. “Why Should We March?” Survey Graphic, no. 31 ( November 1942).
Rauschenbush, Walter. The Social Principles of Jesus. New York: Association Press, 1920.
Ray, Rajat K., ed. Mind, Body and Society: Life and Mentality in Colonial Bengal. Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1995.
——. Exploring Emotional History: Gender, Mentality and Literature in the Indian Awakening. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Ray, Sibnarayan, ed. Selected Works of M. N. Roy. Vol. II (1923–1927). New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Richards, G., The Philosophy of Gandhi: A Study of His Basic Ideas. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press, 1982.
Ritterhouse, Jeniffer. Growing up Jim Crow: How Black and White Southern Children Learned Race. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Roberts, Adam, and Timothy Garton Ash. Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-Violent Action from Gandhi to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Roberts, Gene, and Hank Klibanoff. The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil Rights Struggle and the Awakening of a Nation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.
Rodrigues, Valerian, ed. The Essential Writings of B. R. Ambedkar. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Rogers, Alex M. “On the Color Line: The Early Ideologies and Methodologies of Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois.” Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal 2, no. 1 (2011).
Rolland, Romain. Mahatma Gandhi. London: Allen and Unwin, 1924.
Roy, M. N. India in Transition. Bombay: Nachiketa Publications, 1971. Reprint.
Roy, Ramashray. Self and Society: A Study of Gandhian Thought. New Delhi: Sage, 1985.
Rudolph, Lloyd I. “Gandhi in the Mind of America.” Economic and Political Weekly, November 20, 2010.
Rudolph, L. I., and S. H. Rudolph. The Modernity of Tradition: Political Development in India. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1967.
Rudolph, Susanne Hoeber, and Lloyd I. Rudolph. Gandhi: The Traditional Roots of Charisma. Delhi: Orient Longman, 1987.
Rustin, Bayard. “The Negro and Nonviolence.” In Down the Line: The Collected Writings of Bayard Rustin. Chicago, IL: Quadrangle Books, 1971.
——. Strategies for Freedom: The Changing Patterns of Black Protest. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.
Sarkar, Sumit. Modern India, 1885-1947. New Delhi: Macmillan India, 1983.
Scalmer, Sean. Gandhi in the West: The Mahatma and the Rise of Radical Protest. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Seshachari, C. Gandhi and the American Scene: An Intellectual History and Enquiry. Bombay: Nachiketa Publications, 1969.
Sethi, J. D., Gandhi Today. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1978.
Settar, S. and Indira B. Gupta, eds. Pangs of Partition: The Human Dimension. Vol. II. New Delhi: Manohar Books, 2002.
——. Pangs of Partition: The Parting of Ways. Vol. I. New Delhi: Manohar Books, 2002.
(p.255) Shaikh, Farzana. “Muslims and Political Representation in Colonial India: The Making of Pakistan.” Modern Asian Studies 20, no. 3 (1986).
Sharp, Gene. The Politics of Non-Violent Action. Boston, MA: Peter Sargent Publishers, 1972.
Sheppart, Mikleson Thomas Jarl, Th.D. “The Negro’s God in the Theology of Martin Luther King Jr.: Social Community and Theological Discourses.” PhD diss., Harvard University, 1988.
Singh, Anita Inder. The Origins of the Partition of India, 1936–47. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Sitaramayya, B. Pattabhi. History of the Indian National Congress. Vol. II (1935–47). Delhi: S. Chand & Co., 1969.
Sitkoff, Harvard. King: Pilgrimage to the Mountaintop. New York: Hill and Wang, 2008.
Southard, Barbara. “The Feminism of Mahatma Gandhi.” In Economic and Social Principles of Mahatma Gandhi, edited by Subrata Mukherjee and Sushila Ramaswamy. Vol. 3. New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications, 1998.
Southern, David W. Gunnar Myrdal and Black-White Relations: The Use and Abuse of an American Dilemma, 1944–1969. Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.
Spear, Percival. The Oxford History of Modern India, 1740–1947. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965.
Sprigle, Ray. In the Land of Jim Crow. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1949.
Sridharani, Krishnalal J. War without Violence: A Study of Gandhi’s Method and Its Accomplishment. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1939.
Stegar, Manfred B. Gandhi’s Dilemma: Nonviolent Principles and Nationalist Power. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.
Sundquist, Eric, ed. The Oxford W.E.B. Du Bois Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Tai, Yong Tan, and Gynesh Kudaisya. The Aftermath of Partition in South Asia. London: Routledge, 2000.
Taneja, Anup. Gandhi, Women and the National Movement, 1920-47. New Delhi: Har-Anand, 2005.
Tarchek, Ronald J. Gandhi: Struggling for Autonomy. New Delhi: Vistaar, 1998.
Taylor, Cynthia. A. Philip Randolph: The Religious Journey of an African-American Labor Leader. New York: New York University Press, 2006.
Tebble, Adam James. “What Is the Politics of Difference?” Political Theory 30, no. 2 (April 2002).
Tendulkar, D. G., Mahatma: The Life of M. K. Gandhi. New Delhi: Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, 1961.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X, as told to Alex Haley. New York: Random House, 1973. Reprint.
Thoreau, Henry David. Civil Disobedience and Other Essays. New York: Dover Publications, 1993. Reprint.
Thornton, J. MillsIII. Dividing Lines: Municipal Politics and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Montgomery, Birmingham and Selma. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2002.
Thurman, Howard. With Head and Heart: The Autobiography of Howard Thurman. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co.,1979.
(p.256) Tirmizi, S. A. I., ed. The Paradoxes of Partition, 1937–47. Vol. 1 (1937–39). New Delhi: Centre for Federal Studies, Jamia Hamdard, 1998.
Tour, Kwame, and Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation. New York: VintageBooks, 1992.
Turner, Arlin, ed. The Negro Question: A Selection of Writings on Civil Rights in the South by George W. Cable. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books, 1958.
Van der Veer, Peter, Religious Nationalism: Hindus and Muslims in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Walton, Hans, Jr. The Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Company, 1972.
Washington, Booker T. Up from Slavery. New York: Bantam Books, 1977. Reprint.
Washington, James M., ed. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. New York: HarperOne, 1986.
——. I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World. New York and San Francisco: Harper1992. Reprint.
Weber, Thomas. Conflict Resolution and Gandhian Ethics. New Delhi: The Gandhi Peace Foundation, 1991.
——. Gandhi as Disciple and Mentor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Weinberg, Meyer, ed. W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.
White, Walter. A Man Called White: The Autobiography of Walter White. New York: Viking Press, 1948.
Winant, Howard. “Dialectics of theVeil.” In The New Politics of Race: Globalism, Difference, Justice. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.
Wolpert, S., Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Woodward, C. Vann. The Strange Career of Jim Crow. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.Commemorative Edition.
Wright, Kai, ed. The African-American Experience: Black History and Culture through Speeches, Letters, Editorials, Poems, Songs and Stories. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2009. Reprint.Young, Andrew. An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America. New York: HarperCollins, 1996.
Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.
Zaidi, A. M., and S. G. Zaidi, eds. The Encyclopedia of the Indian National Congress. Vol. 12. New Delhi: S. Chand & Co., 1981.
Zhang, Junfu. “Black-White Relations: The American Dilemma.” Perspectives (online) 1, no. 4 (February 2000).
Ziegler, P., Mountbatten: The Official Biography. Glasgow: Collins, 1985.