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Stalin and EuropeImitation and Domination, 1928-1953$
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Timothy Snyder and Ray Brandon

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.001.0001

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Belarusian Partisans and German Reprisals

Belarusian Partisans and German Reprisals

Chapter:
(p.207) 9 Belarusian Partisans and German Reprisals
Source:
Stalin and Europe
Author(s):

Timm C. Richter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.003.0010

Soviet partisan warfare and German antipartisan operations were brutal. The Germans carried out mass reprisals; the Soviet partisans used terror to compel cooperation. Both sides also resorted to persuasion to win the “hearts and minds” of the Belarusian populace. The German response to partisan warfare was shaped by an intense fear of guerrilla movements, the institutionalization of criminal orders, and persistent shortages of resources. The Soviet partisan movement profited from heavy-handed German policies and eventually became a military factor in its own right. It was also a political factor that helped to restore the status quo ante bellum or, as in western Belarus, to complete the destruction of prewar Polish society and to pave the way for a postwar Soviet one.

Keywords:   Second World War, Nazi Germany, Soviet Union, Soviet partisan warfare, German armed forces, Wehrmacht, SS and German police, military administration, civil administration

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