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Coming Home to New OrleansNeighborhood Rebuilding After Katrina$

Karl F. Seidman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945511

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945511.001.0001

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Coming Home to New Orleans
Oxford University Press

Primary Source Materials from Archives and Organizations

New Orleans Public Library. Louisiana Division City Archive and Special Collections, Records of the Mayors of New Orleans, Marc H. Morial

Primary documents, Broadmoor Development Corporation

Primary documents, Faubourg St. John Neighborhood Association

Primary documents, Mary Queen of Vietnam Community Development Corporation

Primary documents, Mid-City Neighborhood Organization


Lauren Anderson, November 22, 2010

Douglas Ahlers, September 22, 2010

Representative Jeffrey Arnold, September 10, 2010

Cheryl Austin, November 16, 2010

Lisa Amoss. March 24, 2010

Broderick Bagert, March 9, 2011

Edward Blakely, January 26, 2011

Michelle Bradden, November 12, 2010

William Bradshaw, March 25, 2010

Joseph Brock, November 3, 2010

Martha Broussard, November 5, 2010

Hal Brown, June 18, 2010

James Bui, October 25, 2010

Sister Vera Butler, November 19, 2010

Santiago Buros, November 9, 2010

Naydja Bynum, November 8, 2010

LaToya Cantrell, June 17, 2010

Nadiyah Morris Coleman, June 16, 2010

Mai Dang, November 4, 2010

Karen DeSalvo, November 3, 2010

Leo Esclamado, January 7, 2011

Danna Eness, November 17, 2010

Dan Etheridge, November 15, 2010

Bart Everson,, November 9, 2010

Ethan Frizzell, November 4, 2010

Ernest Gethers, September 16, 2010

Jonathan Graboyes, June 22, 2010

(p.350) Councilwoman Kristen Gisleson Palmer, November 22, 2010

Julie Schwam Harris, June 18, 2010

John Hankins, November 8, 2010

Jeffrey Hebert, November 22, 2010

Sister Mary Louise Hoeller, November 15, 2010

Michael Holman, November 16, 2010

Paul Ikemire, March 27, 2010 and August 9. 2011

James Kelly, November 18, 2010 and August 18, 2011

Michelle Krupa, November 17, 2010

Ellen Lee, August 10, 2010

James McNamara, November 9, 2010

Maggie Merrill, September 9, 2010

Neal Morris, March 31. 2010

Earthea Nance, June 15, 2010

Jeanne Nathan, March 26, 2010 and August 16, 2011

Diem Nguyen, January 14, 2011

May Nguyen, November 17, 2010

Mimi Nguyen, November 20, 2010

Tuan Nguyen, June 16, 2010

Father Vien The Nguyen, November 5, 2010

Alexandra Norton, November 16, 2010

Ryan Porcelli, March 26, 2010

Evelyn Pugh, June 15, 2010

Ezra Rapport, September 2, 2010

Robert Rivard, June 17, 2010

Hal Roark, June 14 and 18, 2010

Yolanda Rodriguez, June 16, 2010

Bobbi Rogers, November 18, 2010

Ommeed Sathe, March 25, 2010

Timolyn Sams, June 15, 2010

Jeffrey Schwartz, November 18, 2010

Jon Skvarka, November 5, 2010

Lakshmi Sridaran, November 29, 2010

David Winkler-Schmit, November 5, 2010

Robert Tannen, November 9, 2010 and August 16, 2011

Keith Twitchell, November 17, 2010

Jeanette Thompson, November 4, 2010

Mary Tran, August 17, 2010

Trang Tu, September 21, 2010

Vera Warren Williams, November 18, 2010

Mary Jo Webster, November 12, 2010

Jennifer Weishaupt, June 16, 2010

Carolyn Wood, August 3, 2010

Kelli Wright, November 4, 2010


Baum Dan, Nine Lives. New York : Random House , 2010.

Briggs Xavier De Souza. Democracy as Problem Solving. Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press , 2008.

(p.351) Brinkley Douglas. The Great Deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. NY : Harper Collins , 2006.

Campanella Richard. Bienville’s Dilemma: A Historical Geography of New Orleans. Lafayette, LA : Center for Louisiana Studies , 2008.

Crutcher Jr., Michael E. Tremé: Race and Place in a New Orleans Neighborhood. Athens, GA : University of Georgia Press , 2010.

Editors of Time Magazine. Hurricane Katrina: The Storm that Changed America. New York : Time Inc., 2005.

Giselon Anne, and Tristan Thompson, editors. How to Rebuild a City: Field Guide From a Work in Progress. New Orleans : Press Street , 2010.

Haas Eugene J., Robert W. Kates, Martyn J. Bowden, editors. Reconstruction Following Disaster. Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press , 1977.

Hass Edward F.DeLesseps S. Morrison and the Image of Reform. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press , 1986.

Lewis Pierce. New Orleans: The Making of an Urban Landscape. Santa Fe, NM : The Center for American Places, Inc., 2003.

Lui Baodong, and James M. Vanderleeuw. Race Rules: Electoral Politics in New Orleans, 1965–2006. Lanham, MD : Lexington Books , 2007.

McQuaid John, and Mark Schleifstein. Path of Destruction. New York : Little Brown and Company , 2006.

McNulty Ian. A Season of Night: New Orleans Life After Katrina. Jackson, MS :University Press of Mississippi , 2008.

Moe Richard, and Carter Wilkie. Changing Place: Rebuilding Community in the Age of Sprawl. New York : Henry Holt and Company , 1997.

Nelson Ashley. The Combination. New Orleans : Neighborhood Story Project , 2005.

Olshansky Robert B., and Laurie A. Johnson. Clear as Mud: Planning for the Rebuilding of New Orleans. Chicago : American Planning Association Planners Press , 2010.

Sublette Ned. The World that Made New Orleans: From Spanish Silver to Congo Square. Chicago : Lawrence Hill Books , 2009.

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Bates, Lisa K., and Rebekah A. Green. “Housing Recovery in the Ninth Ward: Disparity in Policy, Process and Prospects.” In Race, Place and Environmental Justice after Hurricane Katrina, edited by Robert D. Bullard and Beverly Wright. Boulder: Westview Press, 2009: 461–497.

Birch Eugenie J. “Learning from Past Disaster.” In Rebuilding Urban Places after Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina , edited by Eugenie L. Birch and Susan M. Wachter. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press , 2006: 132–148.

Brunkard Joan, Gonza Namulanda, and Raoult Ratard. “Hurricane Katrina Deaths, Louisiana, 2005.” Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness , August 2008: 1 – 9.

Burby Raymond J.“Hurricane Katrina and the Paradoxes of Government Disaster Policy: Bringing About Wise Governmental Decisions for Hazardous Areas.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 604 ( 2006 ): 171–191.

Burns Peter F., and Mathew O. Thomas. “A New New Orleans: Understanding the Role of History and the State-Local Relationship in the Recovery Process.” Journal of Urban Affairs , 30 , no. 3 ( 2008 ): 259–271.

(p.352) Chamlee-Wright Emily. “Church Provision of Club Goods and Community Redevelopment in New Orleans East.” Working Paper. Mercatus Center, George Mason University. 2007.

Chamlee-Wright Emily and Virgil Henry Storr.“‘There’s No Place Like New Orleans’: Sense of Place and Community Recovery in the Ninth Ward After Hurricane Katrina.” Journal of Urban Affairs , 31 , no. 5 ( 2009): 615 – 634.

Comfort Louise K., Thomas A. Birkland Beverly A. Cigler, and Earthea Nance.“Retrospectives and Perspectives on Hurricane Katrina: Five Years and Counting.” Public Administration Review , 70 , no. 5 ( 2010 ): 669–678.

DeSalvo, Karen. “Delivering High Quality, Accessible Health Care: The Rise of Community Health Centers.” In Resilience and Opportunity: Lessons from the U.S. Gulf Coast after Katrina and Rita, edited by Amy Liu, Roland Anglin, Richard M. Mizelle, Jr., and Allison Plyer. Washington, DC: The Brooking Institution, 2011: 45–63.

Dolfman Michael L., Solidelle Fortier Wasser, and Bruce Bergman. “The Effects of Hurricane Katrina on the New Orleans Economy.” Monthly Labor Review, 139, no. 6 (June 2007 ): 3–18.

Eargle, Lisa A., Ashraf M. Esmail, and Shyamal K. Das, “Disaster Impacts on Education: Hurricane Katrina and the Adaptation and Recovery of New Orleans-Area Colleges and Universities,” in David L. Brunsma, David Overfelt, and J. Steven Picou, eds., The Sociology of Katrina. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010: 227–250.

Elliot, James R., Timothy J. Haney, and Petrice Sams-Abiodun. “Limits to Social Capital: Comparing Network Assistance in Two New Orleans Neighborhoods Devastated by Hurricane Katrina.” The Sociological Quarterly, 51, no. 4 (2010): 624–648.

Elliott, James R., Amy Belone Hite, and Joel A. Devine, “Unequal Return: The Uneven Resettlement of New Orleans’ Uptown Neighborhoods,” Organization & Environment 22, no. 4, (2009): 410–421.

Finch, Christina, Christopher T. Emrich, and Susan L. Cutter. “Disaster Disparities and Differential Recovery in New Orleans,” Population and Environment, 31, no. 4, (2010): 179–202.

Finger, Davida. “Public Housing in New Orleans Post Katrina: The Struggle for Housing as a Human Right,” Review of Black Political Economy, 38, no. 4 (2011): 327–337.

Fussell, Elizabeth, Narayan Sastry, and Mark Van Landingham. “Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Return Migration to New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina,” Population and Environment, 31, no. 1–3, (2010): 20–42.

Gafford, Farrah D. “Rebuilding the Park: The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on a Black Middle Class Neighborhood,” Journal of Black Studies, 41, no. 2 (2010): 385–404.

Giegengack Robert, and Kenneth R. Foster. “Physical Constraints on Reconstructing New Orleans.” In Rebuilding Urban Places after Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina , edited by Eugenie L. Birch and Susan M. Wachter. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press , 2006: 13–33.

Green, Rodney D., Marie Kouassi, and Belinda Mambo. “Housing, Race and Recovery from Hurricane Katrina.” Review of Black Political Economy, published online November 17, 2011.

Haas Edward F.“Political Continuity in the Crescent City: Toward an Interpretation of New Orleans Politics, 1874–1986.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association , Vol. 39 , No. 1 (Winter, 1998 ): 5–18.

(p.353) Kapucu Naim, and Montgomery Van Wart. “Making Matters Worse: An Anatomy of Leadership Failures in Managing Catastrophic Events.” Administration & Society , 40 , no. 7 ( 2008 ): 771–740.

Kates R.W., C.E. Colton, S. Laska, and S. P. Leatherman.“Reconstruction of New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina: A Research Perspective.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 , no. 40 ( 2009 ): 14653–14660.

Keyes Langley, Alex Schwartz, Avis C. Vidal, and Rachel G. Bratt. “Networks and Nonprofits: Opportunities and Challenges in an Era of Federal Devolution.” Housing Policy Debate , 7 , no. 2 ( 1996 ): 201–229.

Khan, Mafruza.“The Color of Opportunity and the Future of New Orleans: Planning, Rebuilding and Social Inclusion after Hurricane Katrina.” In Race, Place and Environmental Justice after Hurricane Katrina, edited by Robert D. Bullard and Beverly Wright. Boulder: Westview Press, 2009: 410–460.

Leong Karen J., Christopher A. Airriess, Wei Li Angela Chia-Chen Chen, and Verna M. Keith. “Resilient History and the Rebuilding of a Community: The Vietnamese American Community in New Orleans East.” Journal of American History (December 2007 ): 770–779.

Lowe Jeffrey Sheldon.“Limitations of Community Development Partnerships: Cleveland Ohio and Neighborhood Progress Inc.” Cities , 25 ( 2008 ): 37–44.

Maret Isabelle, and Barbara Allen.“Tremé: The Challenges of an Equitable Recovery in New Orleans.” Projections: MIT Journal of Planning , 8 ( 2008 ):190–211.

Nelson Marla, Renia Ehrenfeucht, and Shirley Laska. “Plans, Planning and People: Professional Expertise, Local Knowledge and Government Action in Post-Katrina New Orleans.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research , 9 , no. 3 ( 2007 ): 23–52.

Olshansky Robert B.“Planning after Hurricane Katrina,” Journal of the American Planning Association , 72 , no. 2 ( 2006 ): 147–153.

Perry, Andre and Michael Schwam-Baird. “School by School: The Transformation of New Orleans Public Education.” In Resilience and Opportunity: Lessons from the U.S. Gulf Coast after Katrina and Rita, edited by Amy Liu, Roland Anglin, Richard M. Mizelle, Jr., and Allison Plyer. Washington, DC: The Brooking Institution, 2011: 31–45.

Piliawsky Monte. “The Impact of Black Mayors on the Black Community: The Case of New Orleans’s Ernest Morial.” Review of Black Political Economy, 13, no. 4 ( 1985 ): 5–23.

Rainwater Paul.“Louisiana Recovery Authority Looks to Match Investments to the Right Recovery Opportunities.” Community Developments (Fall 2008 ). www.occ.treas.gov/cdd/newsletters/fall08/articles/landscape/cdn08fall03.htm.

Reardon, Kenneth M., Rebekah Green, Lisa K. Bates, and Richard C. Kiely, “Commentary: Overcoming the Challenges of Post-disaster Planning in New Orleans: Lessons from the ACORN Housing/University Collaborative.” Journal of Planning Education and Research, 28, no. 3, (2009): 391–400.

Rose, Kalima. “Bring New Orleans Home: Community, Faith and Non-profit-Driven Housing Recovery.” In Resilience and Opportunity: Lessons from the U.S. Gulf Coast after Katrina and Rita, edited by Amy Liu, Roland Anglin, Richard M. Mizelle, Jr., and Allison Plyer. Washington, DC: The Brooking Institution, 2011: 99–119.

Sanyika, Mtangulizi. “Katrina and the Conditions of Black New Orleans: The Struggle for Justice, Equity and Democracy.” In Race, Place and Environmental Justice after Hurricane Katrina, edited by Robert D. Bullard and Beverly Wright. Boulder: Westview Press, 2009:153–209.

(p.354) Seidman Karl, and Beth Siegel. “Economic Recovery from the 9/11 Disaster: Lessons from New York State’s Response in Lower Manhattan.” Applied Research in Economic Development , 5: no. 2 ( 2008 ):5–20.

Souther J. Mark, “Suburban Swamp: the Rise and Fall of Planned New-Town Communities in New Orleans East.” Planning Perspectives , 23 , no. 2 ( 2008 ).

Stoutland Sara E. “Community Development Corporations: Mission, Strategy and Accomplishments.” In Urban Problems and Community Development , edited by Ronald F. Ferguson and William T. Dickens. Washington, DC : Brookings Institution Press , 1999.

Stringfield, Jonathan D. “Higher ground: an Exploratory Analysis of Characteristics Affecting Returning Populations after Hurricane Katrina.” Population and Environment, 31, no. 1–3, (2010): 43–63.

Tang Eric.“A Gulf Unites Us: The Vietnamese Americans of Black New Orleans East.” American Quarterly, 63, no. 1 ( 2011 ): 117–149.

Thomas, Matthew O. and Peter Burns, New Orleans Five Years Later: Key Questions in the Rebuilding of an American City. Washington, DC: Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, 2010).

Torregano Michelle Early, and Patrick Shannon. “Education Greenfield: A Critical Policy Analysis of Plans to Transform New Orleans Public Schools.” Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 7, no. 1 ( 2009 ): http://www.jceps.com/PDFs/07-1-13.pdf.

Vale Lawrence. “Restoring Urban Vitality.” In Rebuilding Urban Places after Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina , edited by Eugenie L. Birch and Susan M. Wachter. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press , 2006: 149 – 167.

Van Dyke, Nadiene, Jon Wood, and Lucia LeDoux. “Criminal Justice Reforms. In Resilience and Opportunity: Lessons from the U.S. Gulf Coast after Katrina and Rita, edited by Amy Liu, Roland Anglin, Richard M. Mizelle Jr. and Allison Plyer. Washington, DC: The Brooking Institution, 2011: 64–81.

Verderber, Stephen. “The Unbuilding of Historic Neighborhoods in Post-Katrina New Orleans,” Journal of Urban Design, 14, no. 3 (2009): 257–277.

Wagner, Jacob, Michael Frisch, and Billy Fields. “Building Local Capacity: Planning for Local Culture and Neighborhood Recovery in New Orleans.” Cityscape, 10, no. 3 (2008): 39 56.

Whelan Robert K. “An Old Economy for the ‘New’ New Orleans? Post Hurricane Katrina Economic Development Efforts.” In There is No Such Thing as a Natural Disaster , edited by Chester Hartman and Gregory D. Squires. New York: Routledge , 2006: 215 – 232.

Whelan, Robert K., and Denise Strong, “Rebuilding Lives Post-Katrina: Choices and Challenges in New Orleans’ Economic Development. ” In Race, Place and Environmental Justice after Hurricane Katrina, edited by Robert D. Bullard and Beverly Wright. Boulder: Westview Press, 2009: 362–409.

Wilkie Curtis. “Politics.” In City Adrift: New Orleans Before and After Katrina, edited by Jenni Bergal. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press , 2007: 96 – 110.

Newspaper and Magazine Articles

Babcock Stephen. “Esplanade Avenue Apartment Proposal Keeps Running into Roadblocks.” The Times–Picayune , November 28, 2010.

Barrow Bill.“Historic Houses Being Moved from Mid-City Footprint for New VA Hospital.” The Times–Picayune , September 10, 2010.

(p.355) Barrow Bill.“Land for VA hospital Won’t Be Ready until July: Feds Say They Won’t Charge Nagin Administration Late Fees.” The Times–Picayune , November 2, 2009.

Barrow Bill.“Lawsuit: New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin Violated City Charter with VA Hospital Agreement.” The Times–Picayune , July 14, 2009.

Barrow Bill.“Mid-City Hospital Complex Lawsuit Moved from D.C. to New Orleans Federal Court.” The Times–Picayune , January 29, 2009.

Barrow Bill.“State Expropriation for New Hospital Includes Those Who Rebuilt after Katrina.” The Times–Picayune , November 29, 2009.

Barrow Bill.“St. Margaret’s Daughters Pushes 2012 Opening of Nursing Home at Lindy Boggs Site.” The Times–Picayune , February 8, 2011.

Bruno R. Stephanie. “Winn-Dixie Considers New Store on Carrollton Avenue in Mid-City.” The Times–Picayune , January 24, 2011.

Bumiller Elisabeth.“Bush Pledges Federal Role in Rebuilding Gulf Coast.” New York Times , September 16, 2005.

Burdeau Cain.“Judge OKs Hospital Projects in New Orleans.” Associated Press , March 31, 2010. Accessed at www.wwltv.com.

Carr Sarah, and Darran Simon. “New Orleans School Plans Receive Cautious Support: Costs, Campus Closures among Board Members’ Concerns.” The Times–Picayune , August 20, 2008.

Carr Sarah, and Darran Simon. “New Orleans Schools Set for Building Boom.” The Times–Picayune , August 16, 2008.

Carr Sarah.“Specialty High Schools Part of System Overhaul.” The Times–Picayune , March 19, 2008.

Catania Sara.“Broken Promises.” The Gambit , November 28, 2006.

Chang. Cindy.“FEMA Awards $1.8 billion to New Orleans Schools for Construction Renovation Projects.” The Times–Picayune , August 25, 2010.

Dewan Shaila K.“Fatal Shootings Prompt Bar’s Closing, and a Cultural Debate.” New York Times , June 17, 2004.

Donze Frank.“Mayor Mitch Landrieu Expects Completion of 100 Recovery Projects in Three Years.” The Times–Picayune , August 18, 2010.

Donze Frank.“Streetcar Service along Rampart. St. Claude Is Getting a Green Light.” The Times–Picayune , January 25, 2011.

Eaton Leslie.A New Landfill in New Orleans Sets Off a Battle. New York Times , May 8. 2006.

Eaton, Leslie. “Gulf Hits Snags in Rebuilding Public Works,” The New York Times, March 31, 2007.

Eggler Bruce. “Apartment Complex Approved at Former Site of St. Aloysius High School.” The Times–Picayune , February 11, 2009.

Eggler Bruce. “City Council Approves Mixed-Income Apartments on Esplanade Ave, but with Strings Attached.” The Times–Picayune , April 3, 2009.

Eggler Bruce. “City Planning Commission Approves Mid-City Condos, Lakeview School.” The Times–Picayune , February 11, 2010.

Eggler Bruce.“New Orleans African American Museum to Undergo Renovations.” The Times–Picayune , January 10, 2011.

Eggler Bruce. “Tremé Commercial Opportunities Increase under Zoning Change Approved by City Council.” The Times–Picayune , August 18, 2010.

Eggler Bruce.“$2 Million Federal Grant Will Study Claiborne Avenue Revival, Possible Teardown of Elevated I-10.” The Times–Picayune , October 20, 2010.

(p.356) Elie Lolis E.“Public Parkway Through Tremé and Mid-City on the Drawing Board.” The Times–Picayune , September 5, 2009.

Filosa Gwen. “HANO Gets OK to Raze 4,500 Units.” The Times–Picayune , September 22, 2007.

Finch Susan.“Comiskey Park Project in Mid-City Remains in Limbo.” The Times–Picayune , March 11, 2008.

Finch Susan.“Comiskey Park Project in Mid-City Vanishes.” The Times–Picayune , June 1, 2008.

Finch Susan. “License of Tremé Tavern Revoked—Joe’s Cozy Corner Scene of 2 Shootings.” The Times–Picayune , April 27, 2004.

Fox and CNN News Broadcasts, August 29, 2005. See Hurricane Katrina, Day 1 Vid 4 Fox CNN http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CXdEzMSvPAY&feature=channel&list=UL.

The Gambit. “LSU/VA Complex Versus Lower Mid-City: Arrogant Indifference.” Editorial Commentary, The Gambit , March 29, 2010.

Hammer David. “Audit Faults N.O. Housing Program.” The Times–Picayune , November 2, 2010.

Hammer. David.“City Orders Housing Finance Agency to Pay 62 Home Loans.” The Times–Picayune , November 4, 2010.

Hammer David.“ICF’s Oversight of Road Home Program Comes to an End. ” The Times–Picayune , September 28, 2009.

Hammer David.“New Orleans Neighborhood Housing Services to run $20 Million Home Repair Effort.” The Times–Picayune , August 18, 2009.

Hammer David. “Preservation Groups Want to Move Homes out of New Hospital Demolition Zone.” The Times–Picayune , April 29, 2010.

Hammer David. “Road Home Hits Contract Benchmark for First Time.” The Times–Picayune , September 2, 2007.

Hauser Christine. Mayor of New Orleans Announces Layoffs of City Workers. New York Times , October 5, 2005.

Hirsch Masako, and Gordon Russell. “Failed Comiskey Park Project Leaves City with $700,000 Bill.” The Times–Picayune , August 23, 2010.

Krupa Michelle, and Gordon Russell. “City’s Post-K Blueprint Unveiled” The Times–Picayune , March 29, 2007.

Krupa Michelle. “Capital Projects Director Left after Long Dispute over Hurricane Recovery Spending.” The Times–Picayune , March 8, 2010.

Krupa Michele.“City Hall Gets $2 Million to Study Claiborne Avenue, Possible Teardown of Elevated I-10.” The Times–Picayune , October 20, 2011.

Krupa Michelle.“City’s Recovery Projects Go Online.” The Times–Picayune. February 29, 2008.

Krupa Michelle, and Frank Donze. “Leaders Stand United behind Recovery Plan.” The Times–Picayune , March 30, 2007.

Krupa Michelle.“Many FEMA Claims from Hurricane Katrina Remain Open.” The Times–Picayune , August 30, 2010.

Krupa Michelle.“Grand Plan: City’s Recovery Chief Envisions NO as a Hub for World’s Growing Economies.” The Times–Picayune , February 1, 2007.

Lipton Eric, Christopher Drew, Scott Shane, and David Rohde. “Breakdowns Marked Path From Hurricane to Anarchy.” New York Times , September 11, 2005.

Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ). “Chef Menteur Landfill Ok’d to Accept C&D Waste.” Press Release, April 13. 2006.

MacCash Doug. “Faubourg Lafitte, at a Glance.” The Times–Picayune , February 13, 2011.

(p.357) Maggi Laura.“O’Dell: City’s $1 Billion Justice Complex Pie in the Sky.” The Times–Picayune , August 25, 2008.

Maggi Laura. “Six New Orleans Police Officers Indicted in Danziger Bridge Shootings.” The Times–Picayune, July 14, 2010.

McCarthy Brendan. “Five NOPD officers indicted in the Shooting, Burning of Henry Glover after Katrina.” The Times–Picayune , June 11, 2010.

Meitrodt Jeffrey, and Frank Donze. “Plan Shrinks City Footprint.” The Times–Picayune , December 14, 2005.

Meitrodt Jeffrey. “State Blasts Road Home Firm.” The Times–Picayune , December 24, 2006.

Moran Kate.“BioInnovation Project Poised to Rise in New Orleans. The Times–Picayune , August 18, 2008.

Moran Kate, and Frank Donze. “N.O. Seals Deal to Assemble Land for VA hospital.” The Times–Picayune , November 2, 2007.

Moran Kate. “Plans for LSU–VA Hospital Complex Stir Resentment.” The Times–Picayune , February 23, 2008.

Mowray, Rebecca. “GO Zone bonds for Orleans Parish rebuilding now available to other parishes,” The Times–Picayune, January 10, 2010.

National Center For Missing & Exploited Children. National Center For Missing & Exploited Children Reunites Last Missing Child Separated By Hurricane Katrina And Rita.” Press Release, March 17, 2006.

Neighbours Andrea. “From Can Factory to Apartments in New Orleans.” New York Times , March 26, 2000.

Nossiter Adam.“In New Orleans, Ex-Tenants Fight for Projects.” New York Times , December 26, 2006.

Nossiter Adam.“New Orleans Picks Professor To Lead Efforts On Rebuilding.” New York Times , December 5, 2006.

Quillen Kimberly. ”Victory Real Estate Wins Demolition Permit for Lindy Boggs Medical Center.” The Times–Picayune , December 31, 2007.

Reckdahl Katy. “Down on the Corner—On Thursday, Joe’s Cozy Corner May Be Serving Its Last Drink. Is the City Getting Rid of a Haven of Lawlessness—or Is It Losing a Priceless Community Center?” The Gambit , May 18, 2004.

Reckdahl Katy. “HANO Audits Point to Still-Troubled Agency.” The Times–Picayune , September 6, 2009.

Reckdahl Katy. “HANO Commits to Hiring Locally for Public Housing Construction.” The Times–Picayune , February 24, 2011.

Reckdahl Katy. “Lafitte Public Housing Residents Ordered to Leave at Once.” The Times–Picayune , March 28, 2009.

Reckdahl Katy.“Like Lots of Bricks.” The Gambit , October 16, 2006.

Reckdahl Katy. “Nagin OKs Demolition of Lafitte Housing Complex.” The Times–Picayune , March 25, 2008.

Reckdahl Katy. “New Designs Hope to Avoid Past Problems in Public Housing Complexes.” The Times–Picayune , May 12, 2009.

Reckdahl Katy. “Razing a Community.” The Gambit , October 31, 2006.

Reckdahl Katy. “Tremé Anticipates Life in ‘Tremé’ Spotlight.” The Times–Picayune , April 10, 2010.

Rivlin Gary. “After Two Storms. Cities Confront Economic Peril.” New York Times , October 22, 2005.

Rivlin Gary. “New Orleans Executives Plan Revival.” New York Times , September 10, 2005.

(p.358) Rivlin Gary. Patchy Recovery in New Orleans.” New York Times , April 5, 2006.

Roig-Franzia, Manuel, and Spencer Hsu. “Many Evacuated, but Thousands Still Waiting: White House Shifts Blame to State and Local Officials. Washington Post , September 4, 2005.

Russell Gordon. “Landfill Testing Option Offered.” The Times–Picayune , May 19,2006.

Russell Gordon. “Chef Menteur Landfill Testing Called a Farce.” The Times–Picayune , May 26, 2006.

Russell Gordon.“Chef Landfill to Keep Taking Debris.” The Times–Picayune , August 12, 2006.

Russell Gordon.“From Wetlands to Wastelands.” The Times–Picayune , March 25, 2007.

Russell Gordon.“Second Lawsuit Blasts East N.O. Landfill.” The Times–Picayune , July 8, 2010.

Saunly Susan.“5,000 Public Housing Units in New Orleans Are to Be Raised.” New York Times , June 15, 2006.

Shevory Kristina.“A New Orleans Neighborhood Rebuilds.” New York Times , February 25, 2007.

Steinhauer Jennifer. “Storm and Crises: Rebuilding; New Orleans Is Still Grappling With the Basics of Rebuilding.” New York Times , November 8, 2005.

Stroup Sheila. “Rock ‘n’ Bowl hosts a Bowl-A-Thon to Benefit The Phoenix of New Orleans.” The Times–Picayune , April 14, 2009.

Tabak Jonathan. “Our Pops, Who Art in Heaven, Hallowed Be Thy Horn: Kermit Ruffins.” Offbeat , August 2000.

Thomas Greg. “Giant Retail Project Planned for Mid-City.” The Times–Picayune , March 31, 2007.

Thompson A.C., Brendan McCarthy, and Laura Maggi. “New Orleans Police Department Shootings after Katrina under Scrutiny.” The Times–Picayune , December 12, 2009.

Warner Coleman, Michelle Krupa, and Gwen Filosa. “Demolition Protests Ignore Some Realities.” The Times–Picayune , December 15, 2007.

Wayne Leslie. “Tax Bases Shattered, Gulf Region Faces Debt Crisis. New York Times , September 13, 2005.

Wilson Sabrina. “Residents Move into New Faubourg Lafitte Neighborhood.” New Orleans Channel 8 Fox News , February 4, 2011.

Woodward Alex.“The Lafitte Greenway: Underway.” The Gambit , March 15, 2011.

Woodward Alex. “Wise Words Community Garden: Mid-City Grows Another Urban Farm.” The Gambit , January 22, 2010.

Plans, Reports, Studies, and Government Documents

Bea Keith. Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding , Congressional Research Service Report, August 29, 2005.

Bobo James R.The New Orleans Economy: Pro Bono Publico. University of New Orleans , 1975.

Broadmoor Improvement Association. The Broadmoor Improvement Association and the Wilson Charter School , brochure. n.d.

Broadmoor Improvement Association. The Redevelopment Plan for Broadmoor , 2006

Broadmoor Improvement Association, Broadmoor Charter School Board, and Broadmoor Development Corporation Five Years Later: Achievements, 2005–2010. Brochure, 2010.

(p.359) Brossy Jackson, Sara Dabbs, and Rose Lindsay Finkenstaedt. Broadmoor Teacher and First-Responder Homeownership Program. MIT Department of Urban Studies and Planning. December 2008.

Burton Mark L., and Michael J. Hicks. Hurricane Katrina: Preliminary Estimates of Commercial and Public Sector Damages. Center for Business and Economic Research, Marshall University , Huntington, West Virginia , 2005.

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Theses and Dissertations

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Catholic Extension Presents 2006 Lumen Christi Award To Sister Vera Butler, PBVM. http://www.catholicextension.org/butler-story/

Joyce Rosenberg. “Small Businesses Ravaged by Katrina Struggle to Return: Coffeehouse Reopens Nearly Two Years Later, Associated Press, August 25, 2007





http://folc-nola.org/about Friends of the Lafitte Corridor

www.fsjna.org Faubourg St John Neighborhood Association



(p.363) http://www.gnocdc.org/orleans/4/45/snapshot.html
















Jennifer Farwell, “ A New Orleans hospital has a shot at recovery,” August 8, 2008 www.preservation.org/story-of-the-week/2008/a-new-orleans-hospital-has-a.html http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/afl-cio-investment-trust-corporation-and-local-coalition-partner-awarded-new-orleans-redevelopment-projects-56097082.html




http://theneworleanstribune.com/morrisjeff.htm The Rebirth of Morris Jeff Community School



Other Documents Cited

Hand, Robert. RE/MAX Commercial Brokers, Changing Industrial Warehouses to Affordable Apartments: A Story of How New Orleans is Bringing Residents Back, n.d.

City of New Orleans, Mayor Landrieu’s One Hundred Rebuilding Projects, August 2010.

Memorandum between the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the City of New Orleans Regarding a Potential Acquisition and Transfer of Certain New Orleans Land by the City of New Orleans to VA for Construction and Operation of a New VA Medical Center, November 19, 2007.

NewCity Neighborhood Partnership Brochure.

Embassy of the State of Qatar, The Qatar Katrina Fund, 2007.

Review of Mid-City Library Branch by Briana J posted to Yelp on February 15, 2011. (p.364)