This chapter examines the Chinese Korean (Joseonjok) case in Yanbian. It argues that ethnic Koreans in China have two kin states: the more prosperous South Korea and the economically devastated North Korea. As a result, the Koreans in China perceive a better alternative in comparison with South Korea, however the lack of external support and the dire situation in North Korea significantly reduce the feasibility of this alternative. Since the 1990s, tens of thousands of Joseonjok have sought emigration to South Korea, lured by the higher wages there. In the meantime, there has also been a significant wave of Joseonjok migration to big cities within China to work for South Korean business concerns in China.
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