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Angels in Late Ancient Christianity$
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Ellen Muehlberger

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199931934

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931934.001.0001

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Late Ancient Theories of Angels: Evagrius of Pontus and Augustine of Hippo Compared

Late Ancient Theories of Angels: Evagrius of Pontus and Augustine of Hippo Compared

Chapter:
(p.29) 1 Late Ancient Theories of Angels: Evagrius of Pontus and Augustine of Hippo Compared
Source:
Angels in Late Ancient Christianity
Author(s):

Ellen Muehlberger

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931934.003.0002

This chapter compares the ideas Evagrius of Pontus held about angels to those of Augustine of Hippo. Evagrius cultivated a detailed program of Christian advancement during the end of the fourth century, and in that program, angels were considered rational beings, who sought to help Christians advance by protecting and developing their intellectual faculties. Like the human beings they helped, angels were ultimately going to gain union with God. Augustine of Hippo created an understanding of Christian history that included a different portrait of angels, as beings whose status and moral nature were fixed at the beginning of creation. The purpose of the chapter is to show the significant difference in the way these two Christian thinkers incorporated angels into their conceptions of the Christian world and the lives of Christians.

Keywords:   Evagrius of Pontus, Kephalaia Gnostica, Augustine of Hippo, City of God

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