This chapter argues that the standard of success in practically rational action from the third-personal perspective of the spectator, critic, or defender of action is the requirements of (i) the supervenience of the normative on the nonnormative and (ii) the public nature of reasons. It claims that this simple structure underwrites much or most of normative discourse. It explains how the supervenience requirement dovetails with the fittingness requirement explicated in Chapter VII. It also addresses objective vs. subjective interpretations of the demands of successful practical rationality.
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