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Advances in Culture and PsychologyVolume 3$
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Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, and Ying-yi Hong

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930449

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930449.001.0001

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Development The Cultural Solution of Universal Developmental Tasks

Development The Cultural Solution of Universal Developmental Tasks

Chapter:
(p.63) Chapter 2 Development The Cultural Solution of Universal Developmental Tasks
Source:
Advances in Culture and Psychology
Author(s):

Heidi Keller

Kärtner Joscha

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930449.003.0002

This chapter proposes a unified framework based on evolutionary theorizing and cross-cultural and cultural anthropological approaches that may serve as a guideline for the systematic integration of the concepts of culture and development. The basic idea of the ecosocial model of development is that cultural milieus (i.e., culture-specific patterns of socialization goals, ethnotheories, and parenting styles) have evolved as adaptations to specific ecosocial contexts. Development is the culture-specific solution of universal developmental tasks that lays the ground for gradually diverging developmental pathways. Cultural self-ways based on specific conceptions of autonomy and relatedness provide structural continuity across ontogenetic development and influence the timing, stability, dynamics, and gestalts of developmental processes. Examples from the authors’ multicultural research program highlight the systematic nature of cultural developmental pathways.

Keywords:   developmental pathways, autonomy, relatedness, developmental tasks, parenting, socialization strategies

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