Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jonathan Klawans

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928613.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 October 2018

Josephus and Judaism after 70 CE

Josephus and Judaism after 70 CE

Chapter:
(p.180) 5 Josephus and Judaism after 70 CE
Source:
Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism
Author(s):

Jonathan Klawans

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928613.003.0005

This chapter begins by considering a commonly held view that Judaism was shattered—theologically and otherwise—by the destruction of the second temple. It is argued that this common view problematically imposes on the past a common view of the present—namely, that traditional Jewish theology has shattered in the wake of the Holocaust. This view also involves overlooking or downplaying the works of Josephus, which constitute our earliest thorough response to temple’s destruction. The post 70 situation is then reconsidered by carefully comparing Josephus’s own response to the destruction with the later rabbinic one. Like the later rabbis, Josephus too quickly came to understand the destruction of the second temple as an expression of divine punishment for the people’s sins, following biblical precedents. As such, there remained hope for an eventual reversal, just as the second temple was built after the fall of the first. Although these views are articulated by Josephus and the later rabbis, this chapter concludes by arguing that Sadducees and Essenes could have upheld similar views, following the same biblical precedents. It should not be assumed, therefore, that Essene or Sadducean theology could not explain 70 CE either.

Keywords:   Destruction of the Temple, sectarianism, Jewish, theodicy, covenant, atonement, apocalyptic, plausibility structures

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .