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Positive EmotionIntegrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides$
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June Gruber and Judith Tedlie Moskowitz

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199926725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.001.0001

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Understanding the Neurobiology of Core Positive Emotions through Animal Models

Understanding the Neurobiology of Core Positive Emotions through Animal Models

Affective and Clinical Implications

Chapter:
(p.116) Chapter 8 Understanding the Neurobiology of Core Positive Emotions through Animal Models
Source:
Positive Emotion
Author(s):

Jaak Panksepp

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0008

This chapter summarizes the primary-process (“core”) positive emotions that are the birthrights of mammals and the foundations of the human mind, and which are next to impossible to understand through human research alone. However, the use of affective neuroscience strategies in animal emotion research provides novel paths toward a better understanding of primal human emotions and how they can move in and out of balance. The goal of this chapter is to 1) provide historical background into the study of human and animal emotions, 2) summarize cross-species work on positive core-affects through current animal research, 3) describe the subcortical emotion circuits that promote positive affects, and 4) discuss how affective neuroscience strategies can be used to facilitate development of positive affect enhancing psychotherapies. Acceptance of a cross-species strategy to such issues, long resistant to scientific analysis, promotes research efforts that can lead to a deep neuroscientific understanding of positive affects and their beneficial effects on human thriving and resilience.

Keywords:   positive affects, primary-process, SEEKING, deep brain stimulation, emotional vocalizations, affective neuroscience, dopamine, GLYX-13

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