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Reconciling Work and Poverty ReductionHow Successful Are European Welfare States?$
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Bea Cantillon and Frank Vandenbroucke

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199926589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.001.0001

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Mapping At-Risk-of-Poverty Rates, Household Employment, and Social Spending

Mapping At-Risk-of-Poverty Rates, Household Employment, and Social Spending

(p.1) 1 Mapping At-Risk-of-Poverty Rates, Household Employment, and Social Spending
Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction

Frank Vandenbroucke

Ron Diris

Oxford University Press

As a first step stylized facts are presented concerning at-risk-of-poverty rates for the non-elderly population, household employment (a concept introduced in this chapter) and social spending in European welfare states. The chapter provides a first exploration of a central theme of the book, which relates to employment-centred welfare reform: is it possible to structurally replace spending on cash benefits for working-age adults and their families with employment creation and to simultaneously reduce poverty among working-age adults and their children? The ‘mapping’ of poverty rates, household employment and spending is based on results from regression analysis of cross-country differences in levels of poverty and a decomposition of changes in poverty. The chapter also elaborates on the observation that spending does not seem as ‘efficient’ in some welfare states as in others, and formulates a number of caveats with regard to the notion of ‘efficiency’.

Keywords:   poverty, household work intensity, social spending, welfare reform, polarization

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