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The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears$
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Samuel Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199925926

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925926.001.0001

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Rallying Without Fear

Rallying Without Fear

Political Consequences of Terror in a High-Trust Society

Chapter:
(p.246) Chapter 14 Rallying Without Fear
Source:
The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears
Author(s):

Dag Wollebæk

Kari Steen-Johnsen

Bernard Enjolras

Guro Ødegård

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925926.003.0014

In this chapter we examine the reactions to the 7/22/2011 terror eventsin Norwegian society, focusing on the relationship between fear and institutional trust. Based on a three-wave study including a panel component we look at how the interrelationship between these phenomena developed over a one year period covering the time right before, right after and ten months after the events. The results indicate that Norway presents a particular case in international comparison. A rallying effect around government occurred, but not as a result of fear. On the contrary, high levels of institutional and interpersonal trust served as a prophylactic that stymied fear. We argue that the Norwegian post 7/22 dynamic, which could be termed “rallying without fear”, should be interpreted as a re-mobilization of existing trust relationships affirming a sentiment of national togetherness, which also includes the public institutions. Our study indicates that high-trust societies respond to terror in specific ways different from societies with lower levels of trust.

Keywords:   Terror, fear, trust, Norway

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