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After the SpringEconomic Transitions in the Arab World$
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Magdi Amin, Ragui Assaad, Nazar al-Baharna, Kemal Dervis, Raj M. Desai, Navtej S. Dhillon, Ahmed Galal, Hafez Ghanem, Carol Graham, and Daniel Kaufmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199924929

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924929.001.0001

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Building a Modern State

Building a Modern State

Chapter:
(p.80) Chapter 4 Building a Modern State
Source:
After the Spring
Author(s):

Magdi Amin

Ragui Assaad

Nazar al-Baharna

Kemal Derviş

Raj M. Desai

Navtej S. Dhillon

Ahmed Galal

Hafez Ghanem

Carol Graham

Daniel Kaufmann

Homi Kharas

John Page

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

Katherine Sierra

Tarik M. Yousef

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924929.003.0004

This chapter looks at the need to modernize the Arab public sector. A large public sector has been the key to the survival of Arab governments but many of these state institutions were used to reward regime supporters. Evidence suggests that over the years, the quality of public services has deteriorated in many countries. Therefore a long-term challenge for all governments in the region is to deal with the efficiency of public agencies. Arab debt and deficits are of less immediate concern than in other developing countries, because a considerable portion of the debt is domestic. However, some countries will require stabilization-a task that will be complicated by fact that debt dynamics are uncertain. Reformers will have to prioritize efforts to rebuild state institutions, improve the delivery of vital public services, and do so in an era of public sector retrenchment.

Keywords:   public services, debt, stabilization, state institutions, public sector

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