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After the SpringEconomic Transitions in the Arab World$
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Magdi Amin, Ragui Assaad, Nazar al-Baharna, Kemal Dervis, Raj M. Desai, Navtej S. Dhillon, Ahmed Galal, Hafez Ghanem, Carol Graham, and Daniel Kaufmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199924929

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924929.001.0001

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Opportunities for Young People

Opportunities for Young People

Chapter:
(p.54) Chapter 3 Opportunities for Young People
Source:
After the Spring
Author(s):

Magdi Amin

Ragui Assaad

Nazar al-Baharna

Kemal Derviş

Raj M. Desai

Navtej S. Dhillon

Ahmed Galal

Hafez Ghanem

Carol Graham

Daniel Kaufmann

Homi Kharas

John Page

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

Katherine Sierra

Tarik M. Yousef

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924929.003.0003

The demographics of Arab countries mean that reform is a generational challenge. The share of youth to total population in Arab countries is unprecedented, and the economic and social costs of their current predicament are enormous-joblessness, late marriage, a lack of work experience, delayed household formation, and a loss of self-respect are symptoms of the crisis. Most economic reforms have grandfathered social protections to older citizens already receiving benefits. Despite extensive resources being spent on education, student performance in the Arab world is poor by international standards. A youth-oriented strategy ultimately depends on a major overhaul of the education system toward one that provides market-relevant skills, and reforms that reduce the burden of economic adjustment borne by youth.

Keywords:   demographics, youth, social protection, education, household formation, skills, economic adjustment

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