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Memory and Law$
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Lynn Nadel and Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199920754

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.001.0001

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Evaluating Confidence in Our Memories

Evaluating Confidence in Our Memories

Results and Implications from Neuroimaging and Eye Movement Monitoring Studies of Metamemory

Chapter:
(p.118) 5 Evaluating Confidence in Our Memories
Source:
Memory and Law
Author(s):

Elizabeth F. Chua

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0005

Recognition confidence is a common metric used to assess the accuracy of eyewitness identifications. Consequently, it is critical that we understand what information individuals use to make confidence judgments about their memory. Drawing on research in the field of metamemory (i.e., knowledge of one’s own memory), this chapter examines findings from the behavioral, eye tracking, and neuroimaging literature to determine what factors influence subjective memory confidence, and their relationship to objective accuracy. Critically, confidence judgments may be based on factors other than direct retrieval of the original event, such as familiarity or fluency of the cue that serves to elicit the sought after memory. The chapter also evaluates the potential for techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and eye tracking in distinguishing highly confident accurate and highly confident inaccurate memory.

Keywords:   recognition, confidence, metamemory, fMRI, eye tracking

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