Articles in newspapers and lay magazines are listed only in the notes section, not in the bibliography. Examples include the New York Times (NYT), Look magazine, and Variety.
A. Bartlett Giamatti Research Center, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, NY (abbreviated to “Hall of Fame”).
God Bless America Fund files, Rodgers & Hammerstein Organization, New York, NY (abbreviated to “R&H”).
Irving Berlin Collection of Noncommercial Sound Recordings, 1933–1989, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, New York, NY.
Irving Berlin Collection, Performing Arts Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC (abbreviated to “IBC”; scrapbooks are “IBCS”).
Kate Smith Collection, Howard Gotlieb Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA (abbreviated to “KSC”; scrapbooks are “KSCS”).
Books and Articles
Abbate, Carolyn. “Opera; or, the Envoicing of Women.” In Musicology and Difference: Gender and Sexuality in Music Scholarship, edited by Ruth A. Solie, 225–58. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
Anderson, Alan. The Songwriter Goes to War: The Story of Irving Berlin’s World War II All-Army Production of This Is the Army. Pompton Plains, NJ: Limelight Editions, 2004.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso, 1991.
Assman, Jan. Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Austin, William W. “Susanna,” “Jeannie,” and “The Old Folks at Home”: The Songs of Stephen C. Foster from His Time to Ours. 2nd ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.
Bañagale, Ryan. “Rhapsodies in Blue: Alternative Interpretations of an Iconic American ‘Composition.’” PhD diss., Harvard University, 2011.
Barg, Lisa. “Paul Robeson’s Ballad for Americans: Race and the Cultural Politics of ‘People’s Music.” Journal of the Society for American Music 2, no. 1 (2008): 27–70.
Barrett, Mary Ellin. Irving Berlin: A Daughter’s Memoir. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.
Bell, Catherine. Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
(p.190) Bellah, Robert. “Civil Religion in America.” Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 96, no. 1 (1967): 1–21.
Bergreen, Laurence. As Thousands Cheer: The Life of Irving Berlin. New York: Viking, 1990.
Bindas, Kenneth J. All of This Music Belongs to the Nation: The WPA’s Federal Music Project and American Society. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.
Bird, Frederick. “The Contemporary Ritual Milieu.” In Rituals and Ceremonies in Popular Culture, edited by Ray B. Browne, 19–35. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1980.
Blair, Karen J. The Torchbearers: Women and Their Amateur Arts Associations in America, 1890–1930. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Bodnar, John. Remaking America: Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Bohlman, Philip V. The Music of European Nationalism: Cultural Identity and Modern History. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2004.
Bohlman, Philip V. “Returning to the Ethnomusicological Past.” In Shadows in the Field: New Perspectives for Fieldwork in Ethnomusicology, edited by Timothy J. Cooley and Gregory Barz, 246–70. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Bond, Julian, and Sondra Kathryn Wilson, eds. Lift Every Voice and Sing: A Celebration of the Negro National Anthem. New York: Random House, 2000.
Borer, Michael Ian. Faithful to Fenway: Believing in Boston, Baseball, and America’s Most Beloved Ballpark. New York: New York University Press, 2008
Boziwick, George. “Take Me Out to the Ball Game: A Reluctant Signifier for Reform.” Paper given at the Twenty-first Cooperstown Symposium on Baseball and American Culture, Cooperstown, NY, 4 June 2009.
Branham, Robert James, and Stephen J. Hartnett. Sweet Freedom’s Song: “My Country ’Tis of Thee” and Democracy in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Butterworth, Michael L. “Ritual in the ‘Church of Baseball’: Suppressing the Discourse of Democracy after 9/11.” Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies 2, no. 2 (2005): 107–29.
Cassidy, Marsha Francis. What Women Watched: Daytime Television in the 1950s. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005.
Chambers, John Whiteclay. The Tyranny of Change: America in the Progressive Era, 1890–1920. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000.
Crawford, Richard. America’s Musical Life: A History. New York: Norton, 2001.
Crepeau, Richard. “Sport and the National Anthem (21 March 1996).” Aethlon: The Journal of Sports Literature 20, no. 1 (2002): 69–71.
Culbertson, Evelyn Davis. He Heard America Singing: Arthur Farwell, Composer and Crusading Music Educator. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1992.
Cusick, Suzanne G. “On Musical Performances of Gender and Sex.” In Audible Traces: Gender, Identity, and Music, edited by Elaine Barkin and Lydia Hamessley, 25–49. Zurich: Carciofoli Verlagshaus, 1999.
Daughtry, J. Martin. “Charting Courses through Terror’s Wake: An Introduction.” In Music in the Post-9/11 World, edited by Jonathan Ritter and J. Martin Daughtry. New York: Routledge, 2007.
Denisoff, R. Serge. Songs of Protest, War & Peace: A Bibliography & Discography. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1973.
Dickstein, Morris. Dancing in the Dark: A Cultural History of the Great Depression. New York: W. W. Norton, 2009.
(p.191) Dinnerstein, Leonard. Antisemitism in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Domke, David, and Kevin Coe. The God Strategy: How Religion Became a Political Weapon in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Druesdow, John. “Popular Songs of the Great War: Background and Audio Resources.” Notes 65, no. 2 (December 2008): 364–78.
Dunn, Leslie C., and Nancy A. Jones, eds. Embodied Voices: Representing Female Vocality in Western Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Durkheim, Emile. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Translated by Karen E. Fields. New York: Free Press, 1995.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. Dancing in the Streets: A History of Collective Joy. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2006.
Epstein, Steven B. “Rethinking the Constitutionality of Ceremonial Deism.” Columbia Law Review 96, no. 8 (1996): 2083–174.
Evans, Nicholas M. Writing Jazz: Race, Nationalism, and Modern Culture in the 1920s. New York: Garland, 2000.
Freedland, Michael. Irving Berlin. New York: Stein and Day, 1974.
Furia, Philip. Ira Gershwin: The Art of the Lyricist. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Furia, Philip. Irving Berlin: A Life in Song. New York: Schirmer Books, 1998.
Garrett, Charles Hiroshi. “Struggling to Define a Nation: American Music in the Twentieth Century.” PhD diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 2004.
Goodman, Glenda. “American Identities in the Musical Atlantic World.” PhD diss., Harvard University, 2012.
Gorzelany-Mostak, Dana C. “Pre-existing Music in United States Presidential Campaigns, 1960–2008.” PhD diss., McGill University, forthcoming.
Gross, Ben. I Looked and I Listened: Informal Recollections of Radio and TV. New York: Random House, 1954.
Guttmann, Allen. Sports Spectators. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.
Halbwachs, Maurice. On Collective Memory. Translated by Lewis A. Coser. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Hall, Jacqueline Dowd. “The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past.” Journal of American History 91, no. 4 (March 2005): 1233–63.
Hamm, Charles. “Irving Berlin and Early Tin Pan Alley.” In Irving Berlin: Early Songs, Part 1, 1907–1911, edited by Charles Hamm. Madison, WI: Published for the American Musicological Society by A-R Editions, 1994.
Hamm, Charles. Yesterdays: Popular Song in America. New York: W. W. Norton, 1983.
Handy, Robert T. A Christian America: Protestant Hopes and Historical Realities. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.
Hayes, Richard K. Kate Smith: A Biography, with a Discography, Filmography and List of Stage Appearances. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Co., 1995.
Hilmes, Michelle. Radio Voices: American Broadcasting, 1922–1952. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
Hobsbawm, Eric. “Introduction: Inventing Traditions.” In The Invention of Tradition, edited by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, 1–14. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Hutchison, William R. Religious Pluralism in America: The Contentious History of a Founding Ideal. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
Isserman, Maurice, and Michael Kazin. America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Ives, Charles. Memos. Edited by John Kirkpatrick. New York: W. W. Norton, 1991.
(p.192) Jablonski, Edward. Irving Berlin: American Troubadour. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1999.
Jackson, Mark Allan. “Is This Song Your Song Anymore? Revisioning Woody Guthrie’s ‘This Land Is Your Land.’” American Music 20, no. 3 (2002): 249–76.
Jacobson, Matthew Frye. Roots, Too: White Ethnic Revival in Post-Civil Rights America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Jacobson, Matthew Frye. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Jonas, Manfred. Isolationism in America, 1935–1941. 2nd ed. Chicago: Imprint Publications, 1990.
Jones, John Bush. Our Musicals, Ourselves: A Social History of the American Musical Theater. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 2003.
Jones, John Bush. The Songs That Fought the War: Popular Music and the Home Front, 1939–1945. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 2006.
Kahn, E. J., Jr. The World of Swope. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1965.
Kaskowitz, Sheryl. “‘The Voice of the People Again Arose’: Charles Ives, Communal Singing, and Ritual in American Public Life.” Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Society for American Music, Chicago, 17 March 2006.
Kennedy, David M. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Kimball, Robert, and Linda Emmet, eds. The Complete Lyrics of Irving Berlin. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001.
Klein, Joe. Woody Guthrie: A Life. New York: Knopf, 1980.
Kraus, Rebecca S. Minor League Baseball: Community Building Through Hometown Sports. New York: Haworth Press, 2003.
Kraus, Rebecca S. “A Shelter in the Storm: Baseball Responds to 9/11.” Nine: A Journal of Baseball History and Culture 12, no. 1 (2003): 88–101.
Lavitt, Pamela Brown. “First of the Red Hot Mamas: ‘Coon Shouting’ and the Jewish Ziegfeld Girl.” American Jewish History 87, no. 4 (1999): 253–90.
Lever, Janet. Soccer Madness. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983.
Levitin, Daniel J. The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature. New York: Dutton, 2008.
Lewis, Alfred Allan. Man of the World: Herbert Bayard Swope. New York: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1978.
Lipsky, Richard. How We Play the Game: Why Sports Dominate American Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 1981.
Lott, Eric. Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Lukas, J. Anthony. Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families. New York: Vintage Books, 1985.
MacDonald, J. Fred. Don’t Touch That Dial! Radio Programming in American Life, 1920–1960. Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1979.
Magee, Jeffrey. Irving Berlin’s American Musical Theater. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Magee, Jeffrey. “Irving Berlin’s ‘Blue Skies’: Ethnic Affiliations and Musical Transformations.” Musical Quarterly 84, no. 4 (2000): 537–80.
Magee, Jeffrey. The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
McGirr, Lisa. Suburban Warriors: The Origins of the New American Right. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.
(p.193) McNeill, William Hardy. Keeping Together in Time: Dance and Drill in Human History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.
Meizel, Katherine L. Idolized: Music, Media, and Identity in American Idol. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011.
Meizel, Katherine L. “A Singing Citizenry: Popular Music and Civil Religion in America.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45, no. 4 (2006): 497–503
Merton, Robert K. Mass Persuasion: The Social Psychology of a War Bond Drive. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1946.
Mihalka, Matthew. “From the Hammond Organ to ‘Sweet Caroline’: The Historical Evolution of Baseball’s Sonic Environment.” PhD diss., University of Minnesota, 2012.
Monson, Ingrid. Freedom Sounds: Civil Rights Call Out to Jazz and Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Moore, Deborah Dash. “Jewish GIs and the Creation of the Judeo-Christian Tradition.” Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation 8, no. 1 (1998): 31–53.
Niles, John J. “Shout, Coon, Shout!” Musical Quarterly 16, no. 4 (1930): 516–30.
Novak, Michael. The Joy of Sports: End Zones, Bases, Baskets, Balls, and the Consecration of the American Spirit. New York: Basic Books, 1976.
Oja, Carol J. Making Music Modern: New York in the 1920s. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Peirce, Charles Sanders. “Logic as Semiotic: The Theory of Signs.” In Philosophical Writings of Peirce, edited by Justus Buchler, 98–119. New York: Dover, 1955.
Porcello, Thomas. “Soundscapes of Contemporary Major League Baseball.” Paper given at the Twenty-second Cooperstown Symposium on Baseball and American Culture, Cooperstown, NY, 2 June 2010.
Price, Joseph L. Rounding the Bases: Baseball and Religion in America. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2006.
Press, Eyal. Absolute Convictions: My Father, A City and the Conflict That Divided America. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 2006.
Putnam, Robert D., and Lewis M. Feldstein. Better Together: Restoring the American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003.
Randall, Annie J. “A Censorship of Forgetting: Origins and Origin Myths of ‘Battle Hymn of the Republic.’” In Music, Power, and Politics, edited by Annie J. Randall, 5–24. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Ranger, Terence. “The Invented Tradition Revisited.” In Legitimacy and the State in Twentieth-Century Africa: Essays in Honour of A. H. M. Kirk-Greene, edited by Terence Ranger and Olufemi Vaughan, 62–111. London: McMillan Press, 1993.
Rosen, Jody. Jewface. Reboot Stereophonic RSR 006, 2006, liner notes.
Rosen, Jody. White Christmas: The Story of an American Song. New York: Scribner, 2002.
Rossi, Alice S. Feminists in Politics: A Panel Analysis of the First National Women’s Conference. New York: Academic Press, 1982.
Roth, Philip. The Plot Against America. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2004.
Russell, Melinda. “I (Don’t) Hear America Singing: The List of Songs Americans Should Know and Sing.” European Journal of American Studies 2 (2011): 1–12. Accessed 21 March 2013. doi:10.4000/ejas.8962
Sanjek, Russell, and David Sanjek. Pennies from Heaven: The American Popular Music Business in the Twentieth Century. New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.
Sarna, Jonathan D. American Judaism: A History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004.
(p.194) Savage, Barbara. Broadcasting Freedom: Radio, War, and the Politics of Race, 1938–1948. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Savran, David. Highbrow/Lowdown: Theatre, Jazz, and the Making of a New Middle Class. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009.
Schacter, Daniel L. The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
Schoenwald, Jonathan. A Time for Choosing: The Rise of Modern American Conservatism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Schultz, Lucia S. “Performing-Right Societies in the United States.” Notes 35, no. 3 (1979): 511–36.
Scott, James C. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990.
Shaw, Arnold. “The Vocabulary of Tin-Pan Alley Explained.” Notes 7, no. 1 (1949): 33–53.
Shelemay, Kay Kaufman. “‘Historical Ethnomusicology’: Reconstructing Falasha Liturgical History.” Ethnomusicology 24, no. 2 (1980): 233–58.
Shelemay, Kay Kaufman. Let Jasmine Rain Down: Song and Remembrance among Syrian Jews. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Sherr, Lynn. America the Beautiful: The Stirring True Story Behind Our Nation’s Favorite Song. New York: PublicAffairs, 2001.
Silk, Mark. “Notes on the Judeo-Christian Tradition in America.” American Quarterly 36, no. 1 (1984): 65–85.
Singer, Barry. Black and Blue: The Life and Lyrics of Andy Razaf. New York: Schirmer Books, 1992.
Slobin, Mark. Subcultural Sounds: Micromusics of the West. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1993.
Smith, Kate. Living in a Great Big Way. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1938.
Smith, Kate. Upon My Lips a Song. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1960.
Smith, Kathleen E.R. God Bless America: Tin Pan Alley Goes to War. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2003.
Solnit, Rebecca, A Paradise Built in Hell: The Extraordinary Communities that Arise in Disaster. New York: Viking, 2009.
Sonneck, Oscar G. “The Star Spangled Banner” (Revised and enlarged from the “Report” on the above and other airs, issued in 1909). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1914.
Spaulding, Albert G. “America’s National Game.” Excerpted in Baseball: A Literary Anthology, edited by Nicholas Dawidoff. New York: Library of America, 2002.
Strasberg, Andy, Bob Thompson, and Tim Wiles. Baseball’s Greatest Hit: The Story of Take Me Out to the Ball Game. New York: Hal Leonard, 2008.
Suisman, David. Selling Sounds: The Commercial Revolution in American Music. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Suskin, Steven. The Sound of Broadway Music: A Book of Orchestrators and Orchestrations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Susman, Warren I. “The Culture of the Thirties.” In Culture as History: The Transformation of American Society in the Twentieth Century, 150–83. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.
Tawa, Nicholas E. Sweet Songs for Gentle Americans: The Parlor Song in America, 1790–1860. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1980.
Tiryakian, Edward A. “Durkheim, Solidarity, and September 11.” In The Cambridge Companion to Durkheim, edited by Jeffrey C. Alexander and Philip Smith, 305–21. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
(p.195) Truzzi, Marcello. “Folksongs on the Right” Sing Out! 13 (1963): 51–53.
Truzzi, Marcello. “The 100 percent American Songbag: Conservative Folksongs in America.” Western Folklore 28 (1969): 27–40.
Turino, Thomas. Music as Social Life: The Politics of Participation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Turino, Thomas. “Signs of Imagination, Identity, and Experience: A Peircian Semiotic Theory for Music.” Ethnomusicology 43, no. 2 (1999): 221–55.
Turner, Victor W. Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors: Symbolic Action in Human Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1974.
Turner, Victor W. The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1967.
Turner, Victor W. The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. New York: Aldine Publishing, 1969.
Voigt, David Q. America through Baseball. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1976.
Vowell, Sarah. Assassination Vacation. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005.
Wallace, Max. The American Axis: Henry Ford, Charles Lindbergh, and the Rise of the Third Reich. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2003.
Whitburn, Joel. Pop Memories 1890–1954: The History of American Popular Music. Menomonee Falls, WI: Record Research Inc., 1986.
Wilk, Max. They’re Playing Our Song. New York: Da Capo Press, 1991.
Winter, Jay. Remembering War: The Great War between Memory and History in the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.
Wiora, Walter. “Ethnomusicology and the History of Music.” In Garland Library of Readings in Ethnomusicology. Vol. 1, History, Definitions, and Scope, edited by Kay Kaufman Shelemay, 127–33. New York: Garland, 1990. Originally published in Studia Musicologica 7 (1965): 187–93.
Woodard, Komozi. A Nation Within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and Black Power Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Woollcott, Alexander. The Story of Irving Berlin. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1925.
Zirin, Dave. What’s My Name, Fool?: Sports and Resistance in the United States. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2005.
Zirin, Dave. Welcome to the Terrordome: The Pain, Politics, and Promise of Sports. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2007. (p.196)