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Piano Sonata in E Major, Op. 109Beethoven's Last Piano Sonatas, An Edition with Elucidation, Volume 1$
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Heinrich Schenker and John Rothgeb

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199914203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914203.001.0001

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First Movement

First Movement


(p.13) First Movement
Piano Sonata in E Major, Op. 109

Heinrich Schenker

John Rothgeb

Oxford University Press

This movement is in sonata form, with the First Part (exposition) comprising a First Theme, Modulation, and Second Theme, and a Development and Reprise. As in the first movement of Op. 101, the components of the First Part are presented in a highly compressed manner: the consequent phrase of the First Theme quickly turns into a modulating section, and the Second Theme in introduced without an intervening caesura. An innovation in this work is the change of tempo and even of meter for the Second Theme. The Development section introduces new motifs applied in such a way as to reach ever higher registers, so that when the Reprise begins, the First Theme appears in the four-line octave. Comparison of Beethoven’s and Liszt’s exploitation of registral extremes. Performance instructions, comparison of Autograph with editions.

Keywords:   sonata form, Development, Reprise, motifs, register, performance, Autograph

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