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Mecca of RevolutionAlgeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order$
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Jeffrey James Byrne

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199899142

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899142.001.0001

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Mecca of Impatience and Anxiety

Mecca of Impatience and Anxiety

Globalizations and the Third World Order

(p.227) 5 Mecca of Impatience and Anxiety
Mecca of Revolution

Jeffrey James Byrne

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the Third World’s efforts to resist two competing forms of globalization—Western and communist—that threaten to subvert postcolonial nation-state projects. Algiers was the epicenter of the Third World in the mid-1960s, chosen to host the sequel to the acclaimed Bandung Afro-Asian Summit of 1955. Multiple contentions bedeviled preparations for “Bandung 2,” including Sino-Soviet competition, Sino-Indian animosity, Indonesian-Malaysian animosity, and major Western governments’ distrust of the Afro-Asian movement and the Third Worldist economic agenda. Within Algeria, political elites pursued a socialist evolution to resist the capitalist world system, while conservative social factions expressed their antipathy toward leftist ideologies and the foreigners bringing them into the country. Despite the Ben Bellist regime’s foreign policy successes—such as the triangular nonalignment that exploited Franco-American-Soviet rivalries—preparations for Bandung 2 proved too much to bear. A coup d’état deposed the Algerian president days before the conference was scheduled to begin.

Keywords:   Bandung Conference, Sino-Soviet split, Houari Boumedienne, globalization, G77, Congo Crisis, Non-Aligned Movement, socialism, Islamism, political Islam

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