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Mecca of RevolutionAlgeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order$
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Jeffrey James Byrne

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199899142

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899142.001.0001

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Method Men

Method Men

The Praxis of Anticolonial Resistance

Chapter:
(p.14) 1 Method Men
Source:
Mecca of Revolution
Author(s):

Jeffrey James Byrne

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899142.003.0002

This chapter examines the evolution of the Algerian nationalist movement in a global context from World War I to 1958–1959, or the midpoint of the Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962. It argues that the Algerian Front de Liberation Nationale (National Liberation Front, FLN) was defined by its methodologies and not by an ideology or a political program. The chapter traces the FLN’s methodological lineage, showing how its antecedents first embraced Marxist-Leninist methods of revolutionary organization in the 1920s, then combined those methods with liberal internationalist diplomacy following World War II and the creation of the United Nations. In their interactions with other anticolonial militants and postcolonial elites (from India, China, Egypt, Ghana, and Cuba, among others), the FLN’s leaders found that the prioritization of methods and actions over politics and ideologies was a systemic pattern throughout the Third World. A commonality of methods facilitated their international campaign.

Keywords:   revolution, ideology, anticolonial, France, empire, terrorism, insurgency, nationalism, Bandung Conference, decolonization

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