Adams, Anna. “Perception Matters: Pentecostal Latinas in Allentown, Pennsylvania.” In A Reader in Latina Feminist Theology, ed. Maria Pilar Aquino , Daisy L. Machado and Jeannette Rodriguez. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002.
Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press, 2010.
Ammerman, Nancy, Jackson Carroll, Carl Dudley, and William McKinney. Studying Congregations. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1998.
Ammerman, Nancy T. Everyday Religion. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Ammerman, Nancy Tatom. Pillars of Faith. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
Ammerman, Nancy Tatom. Congregation and Community. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers, 1997.
Anderson, Elijah. Code of the Street: Decency, Violence and the Moral Life of the Inner City. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999.
Baer, Hans A. The Black Spiritual Movement: A Religious Response to Racism (2nd ed.). Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2001.
Becker, Penny Edgell. Congregations in Conflict: Cultural Models of Local Religious Life. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Bender, Courtney. Heaven’s Kitchen: Living Religion at God’s Love We Deliver. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Berger, Peter. The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1999.
Best, Wallace D. Passionately Human, No Less Divine: Religion and Culture in Black Chicago, 1915–1952. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.
Bourdieu, Pierre. Outline of a Theory of Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Carroll, Jackson. God’s Potters: Pastoral Leadership and the Shaping of Congregations. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s Publishing), 2006. (p.232)
Chaves, Mark. Congregations in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Chidester, David, and Edward T. Linenthal, eds. American Sacred Space. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
Cimino, Richard, Nadia A. Mian, and Weishan Huang, eds. Ecologies of Faith in New York City: The Evolution of Religious Institutions. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 2013.
Cnaan, Ram A. The Invisible Caring Hand: American Congregations and the Provision of Welfare. New York: New York University Press, 2002.
Cnaan, Ram A., Stephanie C. Boddie, Charlene C. McGrew, and Jennifer Kang. The Other Philadelphia Story: How Local Congregations Support Quality of Life in Urban America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.
Du Bois, W.E.B. The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study. New York: Schocken Books, 1899/1970.
Durkheim Emile. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life(1912; English translation by Joseph Swain, 1915). New York: Free Press, 1965.
Eliade, Mircea. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion(translated from French by Willard R. Trask). New York: Harvest/HBJ Publishers, 1957.
Elizondo, Virgilio. Galilean Journey: The Mexican-American Promise. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2000.
Emerson, Michael O., and Christian Smith. Divided by Faith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Frey, William H. Diversity Explosion: How New Racial Demographics Are Remaking America. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2013.
Gregg, Robert. Sparks from the Anvil of Oppression: Philadelphia’s African Methodists and Southern Migrants, 1890–1940. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993.
González, Justo. ¡Alabadle! Hispanic Christian Worship. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996.
Hammonds, Kenneth A. Historical Directory of Presbyterian Churches and Presbyteries of Greater Philadelphia Related to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and Its Antecedents 1690–1990. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Historical Society, 1993.
Hopper, Matthew S. From Refuge to Strength: The Rise of the African American Church in Philadelphia, 1787–1949. Philadelphia: Preservation Alliance for Greater Philadelphia, 1998.
Kostarelos, Frances. Feeling the Spirit: Faith and Hope in an Evangelical Black Storefront Church. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.
Lagarde, Marcela. “Claves Éticas para el Tercer Milenio” (FEMPRES) Creencias y Prejuicios de la Modernidad. June 2010. htttp://www.congreso.gob.gt/uploadimg/documentos/n3892.doc. (p.233)
Livezey, Lowell W. Public Religion and Urban Transformation: Faith in the City. New York: New York University Press, 2000.
Lorentzen, Lois Ann, Joaquin Jan Gonzalez III, Kevin M. Chun, and Hien Duc Do, eds. Religion at the Corner of Bliss and Nirvana: Politics, Identity, and Faith in the New Migrant Communities. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.
McCloud, Beverly Aminah. African American Islam. New York: Routledge, 1995.
McGuire, Meredith. Lived Religion: Faith and Practice in Everyday Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
McRoberts, Omar. Streets of Glory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Nash, Gary B. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community 1720–1840. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.
Nelson, Louis P., ed. American Sanctuary: Understanding Sacred Places. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.
Nelson, Timothy. Every Time I Feel the Spirit: Religious Experience and Ritual in an African American Church. New York: New York University Press, 2005.
Orsi, Robert, ed. Gods of the City: Religion and the American Urban Landscape. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
Park, Robert Ezra. Human Community, the City and Human Ecology. Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1952.
Park, Robert E., Ernest Watson Burgess, and Roderick D. McKenzie. The City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.
Putnam, Robert D. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000.
Putnam, Robert D., and David E. Campbell. American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2010.
Rodriguez, Clara. Puerto Ricans: Immigrants and Migrants, a Historical Perspective. Washington, DC: Portfolio Project, 1990.
Rouse, Carolyn Moxley. Engaged Surrender: African American Women and Islam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.
Sampson, Robert J. Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.
Schneider, Richard H., and Ted Kitchen. Planning for Crime Prevention: A TransAtlantic Perspective. London: Routledge, 2002.
Schreiter, Robert J. Constructing Local Theologies. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1985.
Shaull, Richard and Cesar, Waldo. Pentecostalism and the Future of Christian Churches: Promises, Limitations, Challenges. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s Publishing), 2000.
Sullivan, Samuel. “Sources of Hispanic/Latino American Theology.” In Hispanic/Latino Theology. Challenge and Promise, ed. Ada María Isasi-Díaz and Fernando Segovia. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1996. (p.234)
Van Der Leeuw, G. Religion in Essence and Manifestation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.
Walton, Jonathan L. Watch This! The Ethics and Aesthetics of Black Televangelism. New York: New York University Press, 2009.
Washington, Paul, with David McI. Gracie. Other Sheep I Have: The Autobiography of Paul M. Washington. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.
Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (translated by Talcott Parsons.) New York: Routledge, 2001.
Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. New York: Random House, 2010.
Wilson, William Julius. The Truly Disadvantaged. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Woolever, Cynthia and Bruce, Deborah. A Field Guide to U.S. Congregations: Who’s Going Where and Why. (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press), First edition, 2002; Second edition, 2010.
Wuthnow, Robert. Producing the Sacred: An Essay on Public Religion. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, 1994.
Bagby, Ihsan. “The American Mosque 2011, Reports 1 and 2,” Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), http://faithcommunitiestoday.org/2011-mosque-report-ihsan-bagby.
Banerjee, Neela. “Clergywomen find hard path to bigger pulpit,” New York Times, August 26, 2006.
Buckner, Jerry L. “Concerns about the Teaching of T. D. Jakes.” Christian Research Journal 22(2) (1999), www.equip.org.
Cnaan, Ram A. “Valuing the Contribution of Urban Religious Congregations.” Public Management Review 11(5) (2009): 641–662.
Cnaan, Ram A., Tuomi Forrest, Joseph Carlsmith, and Kelsey Karsh. “Valuing Urban Congregations: A Pilot Study.” Partners for Sacred Places (December 2010)
Crabtree, Steve. “Religiosity Highest in World’s Poorest Nations.” Gallup Global Reports (August 31, 2010), http://www.gallup.com/poll/142727/religiosity-highest-world-poorest-nations.aspx.
Frey, William. “The New Great Migration: Black Americans’ Return to the South, 1965–2000.” Brookings Institution, Living Cities Census Series, May 2004, http://www.brookings.edu/urban/pubs/20040524_Frey.pdf.
Gerbner, Katharine. “We Are Against the Traffick of Mens-body: The Germantown Quaker Protest of 1688 and the Origins of American Abolitionism.” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies (Spring 2007). (p.235)
Kinney, Nancy T., William E. Winter. “Places of Worship and Neighborhood Stability.” Journal of Urban Affairs 28(4) (2006): 335–352.
Lubrano, Alfred. “Portrait of Hunger.” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 10, 2010; October 31, 2010; November 5, 2010; November 30, 2010; December 12, 2010; December 23, 2010; December 29, 2010; December 31, 2010.
Machado, Daisy. “Christ Outside the Gate: Following Jesus beyond Borders.” Lecture. Orlando E. Costas Lectures. Palmer Seminary, Philadelphia, October 5, 2010.
Newport, Frank. “Despite Recession, No Uptick in Americans’ Religiosity.” Gallup, March 23, 2009, http://www.gallup.com/poll/117040/Despite-Recession-No-Uptick-Americans-Religiosity.aspx.
Park, Robert E. “The City: Suggestions for the Investigation of Human Behavior in the City Environment.” American Journal of Sociology 20(5) (March 1915): 577–612.
Pew Charitable Trusts. “Philadelphia 2011: The State of the City.” Philadelphia Research Initiative, 2012.
Philadelphia Citizens for Children and Youth. “Strengthening the Arts by Supporting Arts Teachers.” Philadelphia, June 2011.
Price-Spratlen, Townsand. “Urban Destination Selection among African Americans during the 1950’s Great Migration.” Social Science History 32(3) (Fall 2008).
Reilly, David. “A Study Asks: What’s a Church’s Economic Worth?” Philadelphia Inquirer, February 1, 2011, http://articles.philly.com/2011-02-01/news/27092987_1_partners-for-sacred-places-congregations-churches.
Roozen, David. “A Decade of Change in American Congregations 2000-2010,” Faith Communities Today (2011) http://faithcommunitiestoday.org/sites/faithcommunitiestoday.org/files/Decade%20of%20Change%20Final_0.pdf
—— “Holy Toll: The Impact of the 2008 Recession on American Congregations,” Faith Communities Today (2010) http://faithcommunitiestoday.org/sites/faithcommunitiestoday.org/files/HolyTollReport.pdf
Rosin, Hanna. “Did Christianity Cause the Crash?” Atlantic Monthly, December 2009.
Segovia, Fernando. “Two Places and No Place on Which to Stand. Mixture and Otherness in Hispanic American Theology.” Listening: Journal of Religion and Culture 27(1) (1992): 26–40.
Sinha, Jill Witmer, Amy Hillier, Ram A. Cnaan, and Charlene C. McGrew. “Proximity Matters: Exploring Relationships among Neighborhoods, Congregations, and the Residential Patterns of Members.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 46(2) (2007): 245–260.
Slobodzian, Joseph. “Philadelphia Advocates Clash with the City over New Rules on Feeding the Homeless.” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 10, 2012.
Sutton, Constance R. “Celebrating Ourselves: The Family Reunion Rituals of African-Caribbean Transnational Families.” Global Networks 4(3) (July 2004): 243–257. (p.236)
Thumma, Scott. “A Report on the 2010 National Profile of U.S. Nondenominational and Independent Churches.” Hartford Institute for Religious Research, Http://www.hartfordinstitute.org/cong/.
US Department of Justice. “Confronting Discrimination in the Post-9/11 Era: Challenges and Opportunities Ten Years Later.” (2011), http://www.justice.gov/crt/publications/post911/post911summit_report_2012-04.pdf.
Wedam, Elfriede. “The ‘Religious District’ of Elite Congregations: Reproducing Spatial Centrality and Redefining Mission.” Sociology of Religion 64(1) (Spring 2003): 47–64.
Williams, Rhys H. “Review Essay: Religion, Community, and Place: Locating the Transcendent Author(s).” Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation 12(2) (Summer 2002): 249–263.
Al Aqsa Islamic Center, http://18.104.22.168/~alaqsais/index.php.
Association of Religious Data Archives (ARDA), http://www.thearda.com/.
Athenaeum of Philadelphia, Greater Philadelphia Geo History: philageohistory.org
Cartographic Modeling Lab, University of Pennsylvania, crimebase, cml.upenn.edu/crimebase, and neighborhood base, cml.upenn.edu/nbase)
Citysoup of Philadelphia, http://www.citysoupphilly.org/FactsOnHunger/index.html.
Faith Communities Today (FACT) (faithcommunitiestoday.org)
Historic Fair Hill, “Standing Their Ground: The Struggle for Fair Hill,” 2004, http://www.fairhillburial.org/.
Interfaith Center of Greater Philadelphia, http://www.interfaithcenterpa.org/.
Partners for Sacred Places, “Determining the Halo Effect for Historic Congregations,” http://www.sacredplaces.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Halo-Effect-White-Paper-1-18-12.pdf.
“Philadelphia County Census Data,” http://census-statistics.findthedata.org/l/2334/Philadelphia-County-Pa.
Preservation Alliance for Greater Philadelphia preservationalliance.com/programs/religious/index.php/inventory/searchReligious/original_architect.
Public Religion Research Institute, “Beyond Secular vs. Religious: Religious Divides in Support for Same Sex Marriage,” http://publicreligion.org/research/2012/01/research-note-beyond-secular-vs-religious-religious-divides-in-support-for-same-sex-marriage/.
US Census Bureau, American Fact Finder, http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.