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Gender, Sex, and the Postnational DefenseMilitarism and Peacekeeping$
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Annica Kronsell

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199846061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846061.001.0001

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Defense and Military Governance in the European Union

Defense and Military Governance in the European Union

(p.113) Chapter 5 Defense and Military Governance in the European Union
Gender, Sex, and the Postnational Defense

Annica Kronsell

Oxford University Press

The chapter explores the emerging EU security and defense governance (ESDP) and asked how gender has been conceptualized and organized in the development and institutionalization of its military activities. The ESDP is a new post-national institution with a shared commitment by member states to take on tasks to ‘save distant others’ in the name of human rights. To be a full-fledged cosmopolitan military requires that the organization also incorporate those ideals in its own organization, through gender equality and mainstreaming. The ESDP is dominated by men throughout, mainly due to the influence of the member states’ militaries. The analysis verifies the unwillingness to achieve gender parity in military organizations. Gender mainstreaming, if taken to mean education about gender effects and how it can improve operational effectiveness, was more successful. Gender has been re-interpreted through the work with UN SCRs, to be viewed in an instrumental way as something providing added value and increasing operational effectiveness.

Keywords:   ESDP, UN SCR 1325, UN SCR 1820, gender mainstreaming, member states, gender equality

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