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Gender, Sex, and the Postnational DefenseMilitarism and Peacekeeping$
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Annica Kronsell

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199846061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846061.001.0001

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Postnational Peacekeeping and the Construction of Sex and Gender

Postnational Peacekeeping and the Construction of Sex and Gender

(p.90) Chapter 4 Postnational Peacekeeping and the Construction of Sex and Gender
Gender, Sex, and the Postnational Defense

Annica Kronsell

Oxford University Press

Examining post-national defense peacekeeping practices verifies that Sweden has a gender aware post-national defense. This success was attributed to a systematic approach to gender and UN SCR 1325 training, appointed gender advisors and a committed leadership. Surprisingly, these achievements were reached without increasing female troop numbers. Probing this further reveals that gender has been translated to women. In the context of the Swedish ISAF it means the local Afghani women, i.e. gender equals the “other“ women. Gender is made into a problem-solving tool, reducing its transformative potential. The analysis suggests that it diverts from the “real” problem of legitimacy for peacekeeping missions. Their quest to win the “hearts and minds” of the people are more concerned with the view of sexuality embedded in militaries than with women. Thus it is crucial to discuss masculinity as well as sexuality in order to reach the objectives of post-national militaries when they are stationed abroad. To inform of codes of conduct is clearly not sufficient.

Keywords:   ISAF, peacekeeping, UN SCR 1325, masculinities, sexuality, gender advisors, codes of conduct, Afghanistan

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