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Gender, Sex, and the Postnational DefenseMilitarism and Peacekeeping$
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Annica Kronsell

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199846061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846061.001.0001

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The Postnational Defense and the Cosmopolitan Military

The Postnational Defense and the Cosmopolitan Military

(p.69) Chapter 3 The Postnational Defense and the Cosmopolitan Military
Gender, Sex, and the Postnational Defense

Annica Kronsell

Oxford University Press

The theory on cosmopolitan militaries is applied to address the transformation toward a post-national defense, looking particularly at military organizations in Sweden and other mid-size peacekeeping forces. While there is ample evidence of a move to cosmopolitan like military behavior in the post-national defense, the transformation takes place in the presence of a more traditionalist view that is keen to emphasize national interests, combat and the importance of masculinity to the organization. It shows that the military was de-nationalized with activities that focus on the security of distant people. To turn the military into a mainly peacekeeping organization points to a core problem which relates to the military’s unique skill: combat. This chapter argues for the need for an ethics to understand when, how and where violence can be used. This chapter investigates the way attempts to democratize the cosmopolitan military have challenged hegemonic masculinity.

Keywords:   cosmopolitan militaries, peacekeeping, ethics, distant people, gender awareness

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