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Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior
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Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Jacques Balthazart and Gregory Ball

Abstract

Aromatase—or estrogen, as it is commonly known—is present in the brain and has been the subject of much recent research, not only with regard to menopause and the dwindling supply of estrogen and its impact on cognition, but the role estrogen in aging and plasticity in the brain. This book provides a review of what is known about aromatase and its distribution and regulation in the brain, and its many effects on behavior. The volume covers research on mammals (from rats to monkeys), as well as work done on birds, reptiles and amphibians, and fishes. Topics range from behavioral effects (genomi ... More

Keywords: aromatase, estrogen, menopause, cognition, behavior, sexual differentiation, brain repair, sensory processing

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199841196
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jacques Balthazart, editor
University of Liege, Belgium

Gregory Ball, editor
Johns Hopkins University

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Contents

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Part I Historical Origins and Conceptual Basis of the Field

Part II Aromatase, Its Brain Distribution and Regulation

Chapter 2 Brain Aromatase in Fishes: Historical Perspective and Comparative Approaches

Gloria V. Callard, Sarah R. Greytak, Apolonia Novillo, Kellie A. Cotter, and Rebecca K. Meyer

Chapter 4 Multiple Forms of Aromatase in Suiformes: Tissue Distribution, Regulation, and Functional Significance

Alan Conley, Veronica N. Orr, Brian C. Trainor, Trish Berger, and Austin Hughes

Chapter 5 Regional Distribution of Aromatase in the Human Brain

Anat Biegon, Joanna Fowler, Sunny Kim, Jean Logan, Deborah Pareto, and Gene-Jack Wang

Chapter 6 Neuroanatomical Distribution of Aromatase in Birds: Cellular and Subcellular Analyses

Colin J. Saldanha, Luke Remage-Healey, and Barney A. Schlinger

Chapter 7 Expression, Regulation, and Potential Functions of Aromatase in Radial Glial Cells of the Fish Brain

Elisabeth Pellegrini, Colette Vaillant, Nicolas Diotel, Pascal Benquet, François Brion, and Olivier Kah

Part III Behavioral (Genomic) Effects of Locally Produced Estrogen in the Brain

Chapter 12 Testosterone Metabolism in Reptiles

Rachel E. Cohen, and Juli Wade

Part IV Aromatase and Sexual Differentiation

Part V Aromatase and Brain Protection or Repair

Chapter 19 Brain Aromatase and Neuroprotection in Mammals

Iñigo Azcoitia, Maria Angeles Arevalo, and Luis Miguel Garcia-Segura

Part VI Rapid Changes in Aromatase Activity & Rapid Effects of Estrogens

Chapter 22 Cellular Mechanisms Controlling Rapid Changes in Brain Aromatase Activity

Thierry D. Charlier, Charlotte A. Cornil, Gregory F. Ball, and Jacques Balthazart

Chapter 23 Rapid Modulation of Aromatase Activity by Social and Environmental Stimuli in Quail

Charlotte A. Cornil, Molly J. Dickens, Gregory F. Ball, and Jacques Balthazart

Chapter 27 Concluding Statements and Current Challenges

Jacques Balthazart, and Gregory F. Ball

End Matter