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From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime
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From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

Abstract

Why do many juveniles stop offending when they grow up? Why are juvenile delinquents dealt with differently in the courts than adult criminals, and should young adults be dealt with differently than older adults? And what is special about the 18th birthday when the jurisdiction of the juvenile justice system in most states and most European countries, offering protection and rehabilitation, ends and the more punitive and less rehabilitative criminal justice system for adults starts? Since most juveniles take longer than age 18 to mature and become less impulsive, what is a more realistic disti ... More

Keywords: delinquency careers, juvenile justice, legislative change, recidivism, prevention, intervention, emerging adulthood, developmental criminology, age of jurisdiction, developmental psychopathology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199828166
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Rolf Loeber, editor
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh

David P. Farrington, editor
Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University

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Contents

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1 Introduction

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

2 Criminal Career Patterns

Alex R. Piquero, J. David Hawkins, and Lila Kazemian

3 Explanations for Offending

Terence P. Thornberry, Peggy C. Giordano, Christopher Uggen, Mauri Matsuda, Ann S. Masten, Erik Bulten, and Andrea G. Donker

4 Contextual Influences

Julie Horney, Patrick Tolan, and David Weisburd

5 Special Categories of Serious and Violent Offenders

Richard Rosenfeld, Helene R. White, and Finn-Aage Esbensen

6 Prediction and Risk/Needs Assessments

Robert D. Hoge, Gina M. Vincent, and Laura S. Guy

8 Young Offenders and an Effective Justice System Response

James C. Howell, Barry C. Feld, and Daniel P. Mears

9 Promoting Change, Changing Lives

Brandon C. Welsh, Mark W. Lipsey, Frederick P. Rivara, J. David Hawkins, Steve Aos, and Meghan E. Hollis-Peel

10 European Perspectives

Martin Killias, Santiago Redondo, and Jerzy Sarnecki

11 Overview, Conclusions, and Key Recommendations

Rolf Loeber, David P. Farrington, James C. Howell, and Machteld Hoeve

End Matter